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WTI Comp Ch. 19 & 20

Mosby's Chapters 19 & 20: Drugs for the Musculoskeletal & Cardiovascular Systems

QuestionAnswer
A negative GI side effect associated with first-generation non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is due to: Inhibiting cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) enzymes
Opioid analgesics: are scheduled and potentially addictive medications and they block the perception of pain in the CNS.
What is an example of a schedule III controlled substance (C-III) medication? Tylenol with codeine
What is true about gout? It's a form of arthritis. It can be exacerbated by the intake of alcohol. It can be treated with colchicine
What are examples of functions of the musculoskeletal system? Structural support and protection, facilitates movement, storage bank for calcium and phosphorus
Skeletal muscle relaxants require which one of the following auxiliary labels? May cause dizziness or drowsiness. Avoid alcohol.
Baclofen (Lioresal) belongs to what classification of medication? Skeletal muscle relaxants
Both depolarizing and non-depolarizing neuromuscular-blocking agents affect the neurotransmitter ______________. acetylcholine
Osteoarthritis is considered to be a(an): Degenerative joint disease
An antipyretic medication is used to: Reduce fever
Why does acetaminophen not have an antiinflammatory effect? It only inhibits cyclooxygenase within the CNS.
Which medication do many people take for the prophylaxis (prevention) of heart attacks and strokes? aspirin
Narcan is the brand name for: naloxone
Vicodin is classified as a: Schedule II Controlled Substance
The maximum dose for aspirin in adults is: 4 g per day
Which type of cholesterol is considered “good” cholesterol? High-density lipoproteins (HDL)
What drug is commonly prescribed for heart failure (HF)? Lanoxin
Which classification of medications are used in the treatment of hyperlipidemia? Bile acid sequestrants, fibrates, statins
A person with hypotension could experience: fainting upon standing
A myocardial infarction (MI) is also known as: Heart attack
Blood pressure: is the force exerted by the blood against the inner walls of the blood vessels; is recorded as systolic pressure and diastolic pressure; measures the pressure of contraction and the pressure of relaxation
High blood pressure can be caused by: increased peripheral resistance and excess angiotensin II.
The difference between ACE inhibitors and ARBs is: ACE inhibitors stop the production of angiotensin II, and ARBs inhibit the effects of angiotensin II
One benefit of selective b1 blockers over non-selective b-blockers is: Selective b1 blockers can be used with patients with asthma
Treatment for hypotension could include: Increased water intake, fludrocortisone to increase blood volume, or midodrine to increase vasoconstriction
What is the most widely used agent(s) for the treatment of hyperlipidemia? HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors
Which agent primarily increases HDL cholesterol levels and lowers triglyceride levels? Gemfibrozil
One annoying side effect of some niacin formulations is: Flushing
What is true concerning NTG ointment? It's available in 1-, 30-, and 60-g sizes. Doses are measured in - to 2-inch segments, similar to toothpaste. It's placed on the chest.
What medication is indicated for hyperlipidemia and type 2 diabetes mellitus? Colesevelam
Created by: lrhamyWTI