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SS final review

set #2 vocab

Indentured servant people who signed a contract to work for 5 - 7 years for whoever paid their passage money to the New World and after that period they were freed
New England Town Meeting citizens got together and directly made the laws they were to live by - this was an example of direct democracy (self-government) in the English colonies
House of Burgesses the first representative assembly in the British colonies, started in Virginia in 1619, and modeled after Parliament, Britain's law-making body
dates of the American Revolution 1775 - 1783
frontier the land between areas occupied by European settlers and lands still occupied by Native Americans
French and Indian War At the end of the _______________________ , Britain faced two major problems: 1. Britian needed money 2. Native American discontent.
Fundamental orders of Connecticut the 1st written constitution in the English colonies, written in 1639, and expanded the idea of representative government
"No taxation without representation" Instead of British Parliament taxing the colonies, colonists said that only colonists or their representative had the right to pass colonial taxes.
Thomas Jefferson He wrote the Declaration of Independence and later became the third US president
Constitution the document which defines the supreme law of our country, written in 1787, went into effect in 1789, and has been the government of the US for over 200 years
Northwest Ordinance The federal law passed in 1787 which allowed a territory to become a state equal with the original 13 states once it had 60,000 free citizens
James Madison "Father of the Constitution" who took complete notes of the proceedings at the Constitutional Convention and was the fourth president
Three-Fifths compromise One problem for the Constitutional Convention was concerning how to count the slave population in a state. The 3/5th compromise resolved the issue by deciding to count only 3/5th of the slave population in each state.
Great Compromise The Constitutional Convention decided that in the House of Representatives the number of Representatives gets is based on it's population. In the Senate, each state gets two senators.
Republic a nation in which the voters elect representatives to govern them.
Federalism US government is based on a sharing of power between the three levels of governments - federal, state and local
System of Checks and Balances each of the 3 branches (executive, legislative, & judicial) has some way to control and be controlled by the other two branches so that no one branch becomes too powerful
Who has the power to declare war? only Congress has the power to declare war
First ten ammendments also known as the Bill of Rights; these amendments were added to list the rights of the people and to protect individual liberties
Reserved Powers the Constitution states that "powers not delegated to the federal government are reserved for the states and the people"f
Concurrent Powers the powers that are shared between both the federal and state governments, For example, both have the power to collect taxes
The number of Representatives a state gets in the House of Representatives depends on ________________________. the number of people or population in that state.
The most cherished control exercised by the House of Representatives is that ______________________________ all money (or appropriation) bills must be first introduced into the House.
Created by: hms204



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