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SS final review

set #1 vocab

climate the average weather of a place over a 20 - 30 year period
culture the total way of life of a people
archaeologist a scientist who studies the physical evidence left by a people
development of Native American Culture There were 10 major Native American cultural groups who developed in North America because each group had to survive in 1 of the 10 different environments they found themselves in - different available foods, clothing, shelter and way of living.
Iroquois the five great Native American nations who united in 1570 in what is now New York
Aztecs, Incas, and Mayas in Central and South America, there developed 3 great Native American civilizations. These civilizations had very large populations, great cities, advanced cultures, well organized governments, and specialized skills and jobs.
dates most Spanish Colonies established from 1500 - 1550
reasons Aztecs and Incas were defeated by only a handful of Spaniards they had less sophisticated weapons than the Spaniards; they were scared of Spaniards on horses which the Indians had never seen before; thousands killed or severely weakened by European diseases such as measles and smallpox
colony a settlement in a new area started with people who permanently left their homeland
dates most British Colonies established from 1609 - 1684
charter a legal document which was granted by the king giving permission to start a new colony - a charter could be granted to a company or sometimes to a person
bread basket colonies a nickname given the middle colonies because they grew grains such as wheat that were exported to help feed the people of the New England and Southern colonies
toleration a willingness to let others practice their own beliefs without interference from you or others
apprentice a person who often had to spend up to seven years learning a craft from a mastercraftsman
Jamestown the first permanent English settlement in the New World in 1609 and which was started with a charter granted by the king to the Virginia Company
William Penn He started the colony of Pennsylvania with a charter granted him by the king because the king owed Penn's father money. Penn made Pennsylvania a safe haven for Quakers who faced persecution in Britian
Roger Williams he started the colony of Rhode Island which became the first colony granting religious freedom in the new world
James Oglethorpe he started the colony of Georgia as a buffer between the 13 English colonies and Spanish Florida with convicts (debtors) from British prisions
Lord Baltimore he started the colony of Maryland as a safe haven for Roman Catholics
Economy of the southern colonies based on plantations growing cash crops such as tobacco, rice, and indigo using slave labor
Triangular Trade Routes a series of trade routes developed by New England merchants made New England wealthy
Middle Passage the horrible trip between Africa and the West Indies for captured blacks in the holds of slave ships where many dies of misteatment
Mayflower the first agreement for self-government in the English Colonies, signed by the pilgrims on the Mayflower in 1620, and which established a government based upon majority rule
Created by: hms204



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