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WTI Comp Ch. 17 & 18

Mosby's Chapters 17 & 18: Therapeutic Agents for the Nervous & Endocrine Systems

What is a primary neurotransmitter of the SNS? Norepinephrine
What are the states in the transmission of a chemical message? Polarized, Depolarized, Repolarized
All anticonvulsant medications need the following auxiliary label: Do not abruptly stop taking
Donepezil (Aricept) is used as an agent that treats the symptoms of: Alzheimer disease
Antipsychotic medications may cause the following side effects: Extrapyramidal symptoms and drowsiness
Which medication for the treatment of symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is not a controlled substance? atomoxetine (Strattera)
Methylphenidate for the treatment of ADHD is available in a variety of dosage forms including: Capsules and tablets, oral solution, transdermal patch
Which of the following ions is(are) involved in nerve transmission? Potassium and Sodium
What is true regarding the brainstem? It connects the brain/spinal cord and consists of the midbrain, pons, and medulla.
What is the brand name for varenicline? Chantix
The essential element for triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxin (T4) production is: Iodine
Which is the largest gland of the endocrine system? Pancreas
What is an appropriate auxiliary label to be affixed to a bottle of orlistat? Take with food
Which insulin products is(are) long acting? Lantus and Levemir
Hypokalemia means: Low potassium
What hormones are produced in the adrenal cortex? Glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids, sex hormones
Aldosterone: Stimulates the kidneys to conserve sodium and excrete potassium
Insulin is released in response to ____________________, and glucagon is released in response to ____________________. high blood glucose levels; low blood glucose levels
What is true of Graves disease? It is an auto-immune disorder. Common symptoms include goiter and exophthalmos. Although rare, it is more common in women than men.
What directions are appropriate for a patient receiving a prescription of Januvia (sitagliptin)? 50 mg by mouth once a day
What are examples of tricyclic antidepressants? amitriptyline (Elavil), doxepin (Sinequan), nortriptyline (Aventyl)
The generic medication temazepam for insomnia is marketed under the brand name: Restoril
What are examples of anxiety disorders? Phobias, Post-traumatic stress disorder (PSTD), Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)
The psychological disorder characterized by excessive mood swings between manic and depressive states is: Bipolar disorder
What is the generic name for Clozaril? Clozapine
Pioglitazone is used to treat: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)
Which hormones are proteins? Insulin, growth hormone, calcitonin
Glucocorticoids, such as cortisol, have all of the following effects: Increases glucose levels, increases the capacity to cope with stress
Linagliptin is the generic name for: Tradjenta
A common side effect of Invokana (canagliflozin) is: Genital fungal infections
Created by: lrhamyWTI