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AP LANG. TERM TEST

In cold blood book literary terms used

TermDefinition
Allegory A narrative in which the characters, behavior, and even the setting demonstrates multiple levels of MEANING and significance. Often a universal SYMBOL or a personified abstraction.
Alliteration Sequential repetition of a similar initial sound
Allusion A literary, historical, religious, or mythological REFERENCE
Anaphora Regular REPETITION of same words or phrases at BEGINNING of successive phrases or CLAUSES
Antithesis The JUXTAPOSITION of sharply contrasting ideas in balanced or parallel words, phrases, grammatical structure, or ideas
Aphorism CONCISE statement designed to make a point or illustrate a commonly held belief
Appeals to... authority, emotion, logic Rhetorical arguments in which the speaker claims to be an authority or expert in a field, or attempts to play upon the emotions, appeals to the use of REASONS
Apostrophe An address or INVOCATION to something INANIMATE
aSSonance Repetition of of identical or Similar vowel Sounds, usually in successive or proximate words
aSYNdeton SYNtactical structure in which conjunctions are omitted in a series, usually producing more rapid prose
Attitude Sense expressed by TONE OF VOICE or the mood of a piece
Begging the question An argumentative ploy where the arguer SIDESTEPS the QUESTION or the conflict, ignores the real question
Canon That which has been ACCEPTED as AUTHENTIC
Chiasmus Figure of speech and generally a syntactical structure wherein the order of the terms in the 1st half of a PARALLEL clause is REVERSED in the 2nd
COLLoquial the diction of the COMMon, ordinary folks, especially in a specific region or area
Conciet COMPARISON of 2 unlikely things that is DRAWN OUT within a piece of literature, in particular an extended metaphor within a poem
conNOTATION the implied, suggested or underlying MEANING of a word or phrase
Consonance Repetition of 2+ CONSONANTS with a change in intervening vowels
Critique ASSESSMENT / ANALYSIS of something, such as a passage of writing, for determining what it is, what its limitations are, and how it conforms to the standard of the genre
Deductive Reasoning method of argument in which specific STATEMENTS and CONCLUSIONS are DRAWN FROM GENERAL PRINCIPLES: movements from GENERAL to the specific
Dialect LANGUAGE & SPEECH idiosyncrasies OF A SPECIFIC AREA, region or group
Diction specific WORD CHOICE an AUTHOR uses to persuade or convey tone, purpose or effect
Didactic Writing/SPeech that has an INSTRUCTIVE purpose or a LESSON; often associated with DRY, pompous presentation
Elegy POEM/prose that LAMENTS, or meditates upon the DEATH of a person
Epistrophe In rhetoric, the REPETITION of a PHRASE at the end of successive sentences
epitapH writing in PRAISE of a DEAD PERSON, most often inscribed upon a Headstone
Ethos APPEAL of a text to the CREDIBILITY and character of the speaker, writer, or narrator
Eulogy Speech/ written passage in PRAISE of a person; oration in HONOR of a DECEASED person
Euphemism "oofemism" INDIRECT, kinder, LESS HARSH way of expressing unpleasant info.
Exposition interpretation/analysis of a text. Also,OPENING SECTION of a narrative or dramatic structure in which characters, setting, theme, and conflict can be revealed
Extended metaphor a SERIES OF COMPARRISSONS within a piece of writing. If they are consistently one concept, aka: conceit.
Figurative language LANGUAGE with levels of meaning expressed through FIGURES of speech such as personification, metaphor, litote, etc.
Flashback An EARLIER EVENT is inserted into normal chronology of narration
Genre A TYPE/class of literature. Such as an epic, narrative, poetry, biography, history
Homily (homely) SERMON, but more CONTEMPORARY uses include: serious talk, speech, or lecture involving moral/spiritual life.
Hyperbole OVERSTATEMENT characterized by EXAGGERATED language, usually to make a point or draw attention
Imagery Any sensory detail... to evoke a feeling, CALL TO MIND an idea, or describe an object. Involves ALL 5 Senses.
INductive Reasoning (in to out) The method of REASONING or argument in which statements and conclusions are drawn from specific principles: movement from the SPECIFIC to GENERAL.
Inference Conclusion/ proposition arrived at By considering FACTS, observations, or some other specific data. Looking at the clues, learning the facts.
Irony The CONTRAST between what is STATED explicitly & what is really MEANT. The INTENDED meaning IS often the OPPOSITE OF what is STATED, often suggested light sarcasm.
Isocolon Parallel structure in which the parallel elements are SIMILAR IN GRAMMATICAL STRUCTURE & LENGTH.
Jargon SPECIALIZED or technical LANGUAGE OF a trade, PROFESSION or similar GROUP
JuxtAposition The location of 1 thing Adjacent to another to create an effect, reveal an attitude, or accomplish some other purpose
Litote Figure of speech that emphasises its subject by conscious UNDERSTATEMENT (LITTLe LITote)
Loose Sentence A LONG SENTENCE that...
Metaphor 1 thing PICTURED as if it were something else.... WITHOUT USE OF LIKE OR AS
Metonymy Figure of speech in which an attribute or commonly associated feature is used to name or designate something
Mode of Discorse Way in which INFO is presented in written or spoken form. Narration, description, process analysis, and cause and effect are all types of this.
Mood A FEELING or ambience resulting from the TONE of a piece as well as the writers ATTITUDE and P>O>V. It is a "FEELING" that establishes the ATMOSPHERE i a work of literature or oher discourse.
Narrative A mode of discourse that tells a story of some sort and t i based on sequence of connected events, usually presented in straightforward, chronological framework.
Onomatopoeia A word capturing or approximating the sound of hat is described. The purpose of these words is to make a passage more effective for the reader or listener.
Oxymoron A figure of speech that combines 2 apparently contradictory elements
Paradox A statement that seems contradictory but is probably true
Parallel Structure Use of similar forms in writing for nouns, verbs, phrases, or thoughts. In prose, recurrent syntactical similarity where several parts of a sentence or several sentences are expressed alike to show that their ideas are equal in importance
Pathos Element... of PITY
Periodic Sentence A long sentence in which the main clause is NOT completed until the END
Personification Treating an abstract or nonhuman object as if it were a person...
Point Of View relationship in which NARRATOR/AUTHOR stands to a subject of discourse. Reader establish the historical PERSPECTIVE of what's being said.
PrOse Ordinary form of written language w/out metrical structure in CONTRAST to verse & poetry
Realism Describe nature & life W/OUT IDEALIZATION and with attention to detail
Rebuttal Argument technique wherein OPPOSING ARGUMENTS are anticipated and COUNTERED
Rhetoric the ART of using WORDS to PERSUADE in writing or speech
Rhetorical Question A QUESTION ASKED simply for the sake of stylistic effect & is NOT expected to be ANSWERED
Sarcasm Verbal irony in which apparent praise is actually critical.
Satire Literary work that hold up HUMAN FAILINGS to RIDICULE and to censure
Similie Comparison using the words LIKE or AS
Style Manner in which a writer COMBINES and ARRANGES words, shapes ideas & utilizes SYNTAX and STRUCTURE
SYMBOLism Use of person, place, thing, event... that FIGURATIVELY REPRESENTS something else
SYNecdoche PART signifies WHOLE
SynTAX The way words are put together to form phrases, clauses, and Sentences. Sentence STRUCTURE.
Theme CENTRAL idea or focus of a work.
Tone the aTTiTude the narrator/author has towards the subject/theme. Based of devices employed by author.
Voice ACKNOWLEDGED or UNACKNOWLEDGED source of the words of the story. Speaker/narrator's "take" on an idea... elements of style of the piece come together to EXPRESS HIS/HER FEELINGS.
ZEUGMA grammatically correct construction in which a word (usually verb/adj.) is applied to 2+ nouns WITHOUT BEING REPEATED
Created by: odettelira