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Civics Mccarty Ch 8

Chapter 8 Test, The Judicial Branch

court that reviews decisions from lower district courts appeals court
to send a case back to a lower court to be tried again remand
court calendar docket
opinion written by a justice who: agrees with the majority, but for different reasons than those expressed in the majority opinion concurring opinion
detailed explanation of the legal thinking behind a court decision opinion
authority of a court to hear a case appealed from a lower court appellate jurisdiction
first female justice appointed to the Supreme Court Sandra Day O'Connor
written document that explains one side's position on a case brief
federal court where trials are held and lawsuits are begun district court
courts authority to hear and decide a case jurisdiction
The federal court system consists of... federal district courts federal appeals courts US Supreme Court
In which cases would federal courts have jurisdiction? disputes between two states
In which type of court do federal trials and lawsuits usually begin? federal district courts
The job of an appeals court is to... ...review decisions made in lower courts.
What does it mean when a judge uses precedent to arrive at an opinion? The judge relies heavily on previous opinions in similar cases.
What kinds of trials do district courts hold? They hold both criminal and civil trials.
Which of the following established the principle of federal judicial review? Supreme Court decision in Marbury v. Madison
How does a case come before the Supreme Court? The justices of the Supreme Court choose the cases they will hear.
The Supreme Court's decision in Plessy v. Ferguson reflected Americans's approval of... ...segregation.
When can the Supreme Court rule on the constitutionality of a law? It can rule only during a case.
What did the Judiciary Act of 1789 establish? federal district courts and circuit courts of appeal
The Supreme Court would have jurisdiction in a case involving a... ...violation of freedom of speech.
Which of the following is an appeals court allowed to do? to reverse a lower court decision
All Supreme Court Justices have been... ...lawyers.
Which group prosecutes people accused of breaking federal laws? US attorneys
Which of the following correctly describes the composition of the US Supreme Court? eight associate justices and one chief justice
What is the significance of the Supreme Court decision in the case Marbury v. Madison? It established the US Supreme Court's right of judicial review in federal cases.
The US Supreme Court's decision in the case Brown v Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, is an example of... ...breaking with precedent.
If the Supreme Court refuses to hear a case, the... ...ruling of the lower court stands.
Supreme Court justices and other federal judges are... ...appointed by the president.
Supreme Court decisions can be overturned by... ...a Constitutional Amendment.
Decisions by the Supreme Court require a... ...simple majority.
The final decisions about what the Constitution means is made by... ...the Supreme Court.
Step 1: Written Arguments
How many justices must be present for a decision during the conference step listed in the graphic above? six
What is the last step that the Supreme Court takes on a decision? announcement
Created by: maplelakesped