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7th Grade

Unit 5: Classical Civilizations

QuestionAnswer
Which classic civilization was east of the Himalayas? China
Which classic civilization is credited with starting the Silk Road? China
Which classic civilization conquered the territory all around the Mediterranean Sea? Rome
Julius Caesar is a leader associated with which classic civilization? Rome
Alexander the Great is a leader associated with which classic civilization? Greece
Legalism, Confucianism and Taoism are philosophies of which classic civilization? China
This is considered the most peaceful classical civilization. India
Which classic civilization was known for building with arches? Rome
Which classic civilization was known for building with columns? Greece
Which classic civilization had a religion based on many gods and goddess who lived on Mt. Olympus? Greece
This classic civilization organized people using the caste system. India
This family dynasty ruled during the Golden Age of India. Gupta
This is one of the longest ruling dynasties of China during the Golden Age that developed a network of trade with the Roman empire. Han
A long trade route that extended about 4,000 miles from China in the east to the Mediterranean Sea in the west. Silk Road
This classic civilization was located on a peninsula with many surrounding islands in the Aegean Sea. Greece
Two of the most famous city-states of Ancient Greece. Athens and Sparta
A city-state in Greece where military society was encouraged with men spending almost all of their time training and people had very little freedom. Sparta
The city-state in Greece that created democracy and was known for its culture and philosophers like Socrates and Aristotle. Athens
The belief in many gods. Polytheistic
Famous leader of Greece who conquered Egypt, part of India, and Persia and spread Hellenistic culture as a result. Alexander the Great
This classic civilization was able to unite all areas of their expanded empire and grew wealthy from trade because of the road systems they built. Rome
Means the period of Roman Peace during its 200 year Golden Age. Pax Romana
A form of government where people can vote. democracy
These two classic civilizations were separated by the Himalayan Mts. until travel by sea was invented and trade routes were made around the mountains and deserts. India and China
This classic civilization was bordered by the India Ocean. India
One theory of why the Roman empire collapsed was based on these savage beings conquering much of the land. Barbarians, Huns, Visigoths, vandals
This was a water supply or navigable channel constructed to convey water in the Roman empire. Aqueduct
After the Roman collapse, the land was split into the east and west where the new eastern territory was called this. Byzantine empire
One of the most famous buildings left by the Ancient Romans that is a huge ampitheatre where members of the public would come to watch sporting events and games, including battles between Roman gladiators! Colosseum
This civilization built a huge empire and conquered new lands, thanks to their strong army in which soldiers hurled spears at the enemy, then fought with a sword. Rome
This civilization invented the theatre and the people loved watching plays in which only men and boys were allowed to be actors. Greece
The Greek civilization had lots of stories to help them learn about their world where the gods were featured heavily in these type of tales. myths or mythology
This civilization was known for its sculptures making sculptures to represent gods and goddesses placed in temples, the most famous being the Parthenon. Greeks
This civilization used mosaic tiles as a form of art to decorate their walls, buildings and ceilings. Rome
One of the most famous and amazing archaeological discoveries ever made was the three thousand terra-cotta soldiers that represent this civilizations amazing military. China
Under his rule China vastly expanded its territory and he also made Confucianism the state religion of China. Wu of Han
This classic civilization was known for using cast ironing and gun powder, making many advancements in ship building, and making porcelain and silk. China
This classic civilization brought back Hinduism as its main religion and encourage meditation. India or Gupta empire
The Gupta dynasty reached its peak during the reign of this man. Chandragupta
A social class structure that is determined by birth based on your ancestors specific occupation; outside of this Hindu system were the untouchables. Caste system
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