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Greek Vocabulary

Balkan Peninsula a stretch of land that extends southward into the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea A large body of water bordered by Europe, Asia, and Africa
Aegean Sea Sea that separates Greece from Asia Minor
Ionian Sea Sea that separates Greece form Italy
Crete Largest island in Greece; Home to the Minoans
Plato Ancient Greece philosopher
King Minos Legendary king of the Minoans
agora outdoor market [in Greece]
plunder valuables taken in war
Troy a city on the western coast of Asia Minor; Site of the legendary Trojan war
Mt. Olympus home of the Greek gods
Athens city-state where democracy started
Sparta A strict military city-state
Homer Greek poet that wrote two famous long poems. The Iliad and the Odessy
Pericles Athens leader that beautified Athens and built the Parthenon
myth stories that include god and goddesses
immortal to live forever
aristocracy a government controlled by a few wealthy people
democracy a form of government for the people
oral tradition stories told by word of mouth
Assembly Athens governing body made up of male citizen over 18=congress
helot Slave
Trojan War legendary war fought between Greece and Troy
Olympic games Olympic contest held in honor of Zeus
Marathon a plain NE of Athens
Salamis the site of a major sea battle between Persia and Greece
Thebes A Greek city that beat Sparta
Macedonia an ancient country in northern Greece; Home of Alexander the Great
Socrates Ancient Greek philosopher
Aristotle Ancient Greek philosopher
Marathon longest race in the Olympics
philosopher a person who studies truth and knowledge ; reason logical thinking
plague an epidemic of an often times fatal disease
mercenary hired soldiers
Golden age the height of Athens where magnificent temples were built and philosophers extend knowledge
Socratic Method Greek philosopher who taught people to think by asking questions
Delia League in Ancient Greece an argument between Athen and other Greek city-stares
a war between Sparta and Athens because Pericles spent others city-states money to beatify Athens
Created by: annastanley