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Ancient India

TermDefinition
Subcontinent A large, distinct landmass that is part of a continent
Monsoon A strong seasonal wind in South and Southeast Asia
Caste System A rigid social hierarchy in India that divides people into hereditary classes
Brahmins Priests and religious scholars in Ancient India
Vaishnas Herders and merchants in Ancient India
Shudras Servants in Ancient India
Untouchables "lowly" or "dirty" job workers in Ancient India
Hinduism World's third largest religion, based in India
Reincarnation The soul is eternal and is reborn in different bodies over different life cycles
Karma People's actions and conduct determine the kind of life into which they will be born
Buddhism Major Indian religion, based on the teachings of Siddhartha Guatama
Siddhartha Guatama Prince who lived a life of luxury in modern-day Nepal. Became the Buddhists' "Enlightened One" and taught believers how to life a life free from suffering
Nirvana A state of bliss or end of suffering caused by the cycle of rebirth
Dharma Divine Law
Ganges River Holiest river in India
Himalaya Mountains The mountain range that makes up India's northern border
Hindu Kush Mountains The mountain range that makes up India's north western border
Indus River The river that makes up the western border of India
Plateau A large area of flat land elevated high above sea level
Hinduism A major religion that developed in ancient India
Brahman A single spiritual power that Hindus believe lives in everything
Deities a god or goddess
Samsara the cycle of life and rebirth in Hinduism
Vedas Collections of hymns, songs, prayers, and rituals honoring the various gods of the Aryans
Sanskrit an ancient Indian writing system
Shiva The destroyer- A Hindu god considered the destroyer of the world
Brahma The Creator
Vishnu a Hindu god considered the preserver of the world
Pilgrimage A journey to a place of religious importance
Created by: msbishop17!