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Chapter 13

European Middle Ages

What is a Secular? concerned with worldly rather than spiritual matters
Who was Charlemagne? ruler of the kingdom
What is a Dynasty? series of rulers from a single family
What was a Carolingian? a dynasty of Frankish rulers
What was a Monastery? a religious community of men who have given up their possessions to devote themselves to a life of prayer and worship
What was the Franks? a germanic people who settled in the Roman province of Gaul and established a great empire during the middle ages
What were three roots of medieval culture in western Europe? Classical heritage of Greece and Rome (Greek and Roman knowledge), Believe of the Roman Catholic Church, Customs of the various Germanic tribes
What were the most important achievement of Pope Gregory I? broadened the authority of the papacy, or the pope’s office.
What was Charlemagne’s greatest achievement? the encouragement of learning
What is Feudalism? a system of loyalty and protection based mutual obligations
What is a lord? a person who controlled land and could therefore grant estates to vassals
What is a fief? an estate granted to a vassal by a lord under the feudal system in medieval Europe.
What is a vassal? a person who received a grant of land from a lord in exchange for a pledge of loyalty and services.
What is a knight? an armored warrior who fought on horseback
What was the most important even during the period of European invasions? Magyar invaders struck the east
What group invaded Europe in the 800’s? Muslims, Magyars, and Vikings.
What obligations did a peasant have to the lord of the manor? They grew crops like grains, rye, barley, and oats. For doing that they got a piece of land for their family.
What were the three social classes of the feudal system? clergy, nobility, and serfs
What is Chivalry? The code of conduct for knights
What are the values that Knights had to follow? Love, compassion, respect, honesty,
What was the order you had to follow to become a knight? Page, Squire, and then Knight
What age did you become a page 7
What age did you become a squire? 14
What age did you become a knight? 21
Where did a boy have to be born into to become a knight? Noble Birth
What were the roles of a peasant women? Held no power, worked in the fields, and took care of their families
Who did knights have to fight for? Their lady, god, and their lord
What was the power of the church? They unified the European society
Social Class Structure Kings/Pope, Vassal/ Lord, Lesser lord, knights
Created by: GianaL