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History #2

QuestionAnswer
What are some strengths of the Articles of Confederation? successfully negotiated an alliance with France
What are some weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation? To weak to inforce there own laws so they had no power. The continental congress borrowed money to fight the revolutionary war and could not repay their debts
Land Ordinance of 1785 It set up a standardized system where settlers could purchase title to farmland in the undeveloped West
Northwest Ordinance of 1787 Act of the congress of the confederation of the United States and was passed July 13, 1787
Popular Sovereignty Government in which the people rule
Shay's Rebellion Armed uprising in Massachuestts 1786-87 by Daniel Shays. Protested the foreclosures of farms for debt and briefly succeeded in shutting down the court system
Federalist A system of government in which power is divided between a central government and smaller political units such as states.
Alexander Hamilton Leader of Federalists, as the first secretary of the treasury. Established a federal bank. Died 1804 from wound
Antifederalist A person who opposed the ratification of the Constitution in 1789 and therefor allied with Thomas Jeffersons antifederal party, which opposed power of the federal
George Mason A nationalist leader in the American Revolution and in the creation of the United States
Republicanism Belief of voting for a republican leader
Father of the Constitution James Madison-drafted the first 10 amendments
Preamble A preliminary statement
Principles of the Constitution Separation of powers, checks and balances, judicial review, federalism are the source of any government power, and government can only exist with power
How many articles are in the Constitution 7
Article ll Makes executive branch the government
Article lll Establishes the judicial branch of the government
Seperation of Powers An act of vesting the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of the government in the legislative body.
Checks and Balances Each branch of government can exercise checks, or controls, over the other branches
Elastic Clause Granting the congress the power to pass all laws
Legislative Branch Creates laws
Executive Branch Responsible for implementing, supporting, and enforcing laws.
Judicial Branch Responsible for interpreting the laws
Judicial Review Review by the US supreme court of the constitutional validity for a legislative act
Compromises of the Constitutional Convention All states to be equal
Amendments A minor change in a document
Purpose of the Bill of Rights To declare independence
Who wanted the Bill of Rights included? Virginia
How many total amendments? 27
Created by: haileymadison