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Cell to Organism

QuestionAnswer
What is missing: Cells make up Tissues, Tissues make up Organs, Organs make up _______________. Organ Systems
What system is responsible for carrying on the species? reproductive system
What system is made up of a wide variety of tissues and organs that are responsible for voluntary and involuntary movement? Muscular system
In what stage of the cell cycle do the cells spend most of their lives? Interpahse
What is a series of phases, or steps, in which the nucleus divides to form two identical nuclei? Mitosis
What do we call two identical chromosomes? sister chromatids
What are the two cells that result form mitosis and cytokineses? daughter cells
Organs in which system include mouth nasal cavities, the larynx, the trachea, the bronchial tubes and the lungs? Respiratory
What system is made up of organs that rid your blood of wastes and control blood volume by removing excess water produced by cells? Excretory/Urinary Systems
Blood, the heart, and all related vessels that carry and distribute blood are part of which body system? Circulatory System
What body system consists of ductless glands throughout the body that assist in control of life processes or metabolism? Endocrine System
What body system is made up of nerves, spinal cord, and a brain? Nervous system
What body system is the only one we do not need to live? Reproductive system
What do we call either of the main branches of the trachea? Bronchial Tube
What is the muscular tube for the passage of food from the pharynx to the stomach? Esophagus
What sac-like organ serves to remove carbon dioxide and provide oxygen to the blood? Lung
What is the anterior and largest part of the brain that consists of two halves? Cerebrum
What is located below the cerebrum at the rear of the skull that coordinates balance and muscle activity? Cerebellum
What is the muscular organ that stores and breaks down ingested food? Stomach
What is the large principle muscle of respiration? Diaphragm
What body system includes the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, gall bladder, pancreas, rectum, and anus? Digestive System
What secrets bile to break down food and remove waste from the blood? Liver
What organ makes insulin and substances that stop the action of stomach acid: it also produces enzymes that break down carbohydrates, fats and proteins into the small intestine? It is located behind the stomach. Pancreas
What stores bile from the liver until it's needed for digestion? Gall Bladder
What organ absorbs water and eliminates solid waste? Large Intestine
What is the tube that leads from the larynx to the bronchial tube and carries air into the lungs? Trachea
What is the upper part of the trachea that contains the vocal cords? Larynx
What is the flap of cartilage that covers the windpipe while swallowing to prevent food and liquid from entering the trachea? Epiglottis
What is the tube that connects the mouth and nasal passages with the esophagus? Pharynx
In what stage of mitosis are chromatid pairs visible, centrioles moving to opposite ends of the cell, and spindle fibers beginning to form? Prophase
In what stage of mitosis do chromatid pairs line up in the center (middle) of the cell and chromosomes of each pair attaches to spindle fibers? Metaphase
Be able to label diagrams for the following systems: Digestive and respiratory systems
Be able to label the parts of the following organs: Brain and Heart
Be able to recognize diagrams of the following stages of Mitosis Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase