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Anatomy Final


TMJ is what type of joint Hinge Synovial
This ligament of the TMJ prevents posterior dislocation Lateral
This ligament of the TMJ is a thickening of the capsule over the parotid Stylomandibular
This ligament of theTMJ is the primary passive support of the mandible Sphenomandibular
Muscles responsible for elevation of the mandible Temporalis, masseter, and MP
muscles responsible for depression of the mandible LP, supra hyoid and infra hyoid muscles
muscles responsible for protrusion of the mandible LP, masseter and MP
muscles responsible for retrusion of the mandible temporalis and masseter
muscles responsible for grinding and chewing temporals of same side, MP, LP of opposite side, masseter
pathway of the middle menial artery superior into skull at foramen spinosum
the sphenopalatine artery is a termination of what artery the mandibular portion of maxillary artery
what are the landmarks above the arcuate line 1/2 of the internal abdominal oblique, transverses abdomens aponeurosis, transversals fascia,
what are the landmarks below the arcuate line thinning of the transversalis fascia
what a. and v. are a continuation of the internal thoracic a. and v. superior epigastric a. and v.
medial umbilical fold contains... obliterated umbilical artery
lateral umbilical fold contains... inferior epigastric a. and. v
Spinal level for the caval opening for the IVC T8
spinal level for the esophageal hiatus T10
spinal level for the aortic haitus T12
which muscle allows the bladder to contract and expand detrusor muscle
serous pericardium fibrous pericardium and parietal pericardium
where is the pericardial cavity located between parietal and visceral pericardium
what nerve runs between the fibrous pericardium and mediastinal pleura Vagus
Diastole ventricular relaxation/ filling/ aortic and pulmonary semilunar valves close and R and L AV valves open, atria contracts
systole ventricular contraction and emptying/ R and L AV valves close/ aortic and pulmonary semilunar valves open/ Ventricles contract
Atypical ribs 1= scalene tubercles and grooves for subclavian/ 2= tuberosity for SA/ 11 and 12= head and costal angle
if the scalenes are compressing the structures going through aperture causing tingling down arms superior thoracic aperature/ inlet
sternal angle 2nd rib articulates and follows it back to T4/5
Boyles law increase in volume of a container lowers the pressure of the air inside
everything in the respiratory tract is innervated by the vagus nerve
arytenoid cartilage located superior to cricoid cartilage/ it moves and creates sound
damage to the recurrent laryngeal n. innervates vocal cords/ aphonia or dysphonia
False vocal cord vestibular fold/ shuts when swallowing
true vocal cord changes pitch and tone, helps create sound
functional unit of lung alveolus
pulmonary viens go back to heart with oxygenated blood
major nerve that runs anterior to the root of the lungs phrenic n
major nerve that runs posterior to the root of the lungs vagus n
order of blood flow body- SVA/ IVA- lungs-pulmonary veins on L side heart- body
typical rib 3-10
vertebral A of COW supplies basilar a. post cerebral a/ and posterior communicating
Basillar a of COW supplies brain stem and posterior cerebral a
posterior cerebral a occipital lobe, inf cerebral hemisphere of brain
posterior communicating a optic tract, cerebral peddle and thalamus
internal corotid a supplies anterior cerebral, ant communicating and middle cerebral arteries of COW
middle cerebral a lateral central hemisphere of brain
anterior cerebral a cerebral hemisphere but no occipital lobe
anterior communicating a cerebral arterial circle
gray matter of brain outer, nerve cell bodies
white matter of brain inner, axons
ligament that is responsible for holding up the medial longitudinal arch of the foot spring
ligaments of the spine from anterior to posterior ALL/ PLL/ LF/ IL/SL
cervical plexus contains which spinal nerves C1-5
continuation of Pia matter filum terminale
artery that reinforces collateral circulation of 2/3 of the spinal cord great anterior segmental medullary artery
spinal cord injury to C1-3 no function below the head, ventilator
spinal cord injury to C4-5 quadriplegic, respiration intact
spinal cord injury to C6-8 loss of hand and upper limb function/ and lower limb function. can feed self
spinal cord injury to T1-9 paraplegic, no lower limb function
spinal cord injury to T10-L1 thigh function, possibility to walk with long leg braces
spinal cord injury to L2-3 most leg function, possibility to walk with short leg braces
posterior wall of the axilla theres major, lats and subscapularis
medial wall of the axilla serrates anterior
anterior wall of the axilla pecs
lateral wall of the axilla inter tubercular sulcus
artery that supplies the thorax thoraco acromial
artery that supplies latissimus dorsi thoracodorsal
person has difficulty making a fist, MCO is hyperextended and has no flexion of digits 4-5 ulnar nerve injury/ injury to inferior trunk of brachial plexus/ C8-T1/ klumpke paralysis/ claw hand
muscles that make up the anatomical snuff box extensor pollicis longus/ brevis
boundaries of the cubital fossa lateral- brachioradialis, medial- pronator teres, floor= brachialis
roots of brachia plexus C5-T1, anterior rami, contain dorsal scapular and long thoracic nerve
trunks of brachial plexus superior (supra scapular and n to subclavius) , middle, inferior
divisions of BP anterior= flexors, posterior= extensors
cords of BP lateral= divisions of superior and middle, posterior= posterior divisions of all 3 branches of trunk, medial= anterior divisions of inferior trunk
branches of BP musculocutaneous, axillary, radial, median, ulnar
facial nerve branches Posterior auricular, temporal, zygomatic, buccal, marginal mandibular, cervical
chord tympani branch of facial N, taste sensation of ant. 2/3 tongue
submandibular ganglion parasympathetic facial N, salivation
pterygopalatine ganglion lacrimal gland- tear production
branches of V3 auriculotemporal, inferior alveolar, lingual, buccal
lingual N sensory anterior 2/3 tongue (ouch!) otic ganglion
parotid gland parasympathetic innervation V3 auriculotemporal n - otic ganglion
carotid sheath contains Vagus, Internal jugular, Common carotid
floor of the posterior triangle splenius capitis
what is located in between the middle and anterior scalene BP
phrenic N C3-5 keeps the diaphragm alive, sits anterior to anterior scalene
ansa cercialis motor to all infra hyoid muscles except the thyrohyoid
branches of the thyrocervical trunk Suprascapular, inferior thyroid, transverse cervical, ascending cervical
carotid sinus baroreceptor, BP monitor
carotid body chemoreceptor, O2 monitor
branches of ECA Superior thyroid, ascending pharyngeal, lingual, facial, occipital, posterior auricular, superficial temporal, maxillary
artery that supplies the parotid gland superficial temporal (branch of ECA)
where is the thyroid gland located deep to sternothyroid and sternohyoid muscles
cutaneous supply of the TMJ mandibular N
responsible for clicking sound in TMJ posterior and anterior bands of articular disc
upper synovial cavity of TMJ forward and backward movement (gliding)
lower synovial cavity of TMJ elevation/ depression (rotational)
muscles that originate from the medial epicondyle FCR, palmaris longus, FCU, FDS
muscles that originate from the lateral epicondyle supinator, ancones, ECRB, extensor digitorum, extensor digiti minimi, ECU
muscles that originate from the ischial tuberosity adductor Magnus, hamstrings
muscles that insert on the greater trochanter glut min/ med, piriformis, obturator internus/ externes (trochanteric fossa)/ gemmelus mx's
muscles that insert on the lesser trochanter psoas major, illiacus
muscles that insert on the intertubercular groove biceps long head, pec major, teres major, lats
POTT fracture excessive ankle eversion
lymph nodes are composed of WBC (lymphocytes) and chyle (proteins and fats)
spinal cord ends at what level L1/L2
rami come after... spinal nerve
axillary lymph nodes apical, humeral, central, pectoral, subscapular
radical breast cancer remove the whole breast
which artery in the arm can be clamped during surgery brachia, clamp distal to origin l, deep artery can supply
loss of flexion of proximal IP joints 1-3 and loss of MCP flexion 2-3 as well as loss of thenar muscle function median nerve injury
PAd and Dab palmar interossei = adduction, dorsal interossei- abduction
allen's test checking integrity of blood flow to the and\ (superficial and deep palmar arch) superficial- ulnar a deep= radial a
wrist drop radial n deficit, wrist can't extend
contents of carpal tunel 4 tendons of FDS, 4 tendons of FDP, FPL, median nerve
bishops hand and inability to oppose thumb medican nerve deficit
claw hand ulnar nerve deficit
fracture of hammate ulnar nerve damage
dupuytren contracture palmar fascia disease pulls 4th and 5th digit into partial flexion of map and pip
sternoclavicular joint innervation supraclavicular and subclavian n
acromioclavicular joint innervation lateral pectoral and axillary nerves
glenohumeral joint innervation supra scapula, axillary, lateral pectoral
ligament that prevents superior displacement of the humeral head on the GH coraco acromial ligament
ligament that reinforces the anterior aspect of the GH joint
which direction does a dislocation of the GH joint occur inferior with axillary nerve damage
significance of the adductor canal it is where the femoral artery and vein go through, saphenous nerve passes through
adductor haitus where femoral artery and vein pass through to posterior thigh and change into popliteal a and v
contents of the greater SF superior/ inferior gluteal a, n and v, internal pudendal a and v, pudendal n, sciatic n, posterior femoral cutaneous n
contents of the lesser SF internal pudendal a and c, pudendal n, obturator internus
articularis genu slips of mx from the bastes intermdeius that attach to the supra patellar bush to retract it from damage during extension of the knee
oblique ligament of the knee \posterolateral stability
arcuate ligament of the knee strengthens joint capsule posteriorly, fib head--> post knee joint
plantar reflex tests... L4-S2
superficial layer of foot plantar aponeurosis, abductor hallucis, abductor digiti mini, flexor digitorum brevis
deepest layer of foot planrar inerossei (3)
which is deeper quadrates plantae or adductor hallucis adductor hallucis
which is deeper flexors digit minimi brevis or lumbricals flexor digiti minimi brevis
dorsal muscles of the foot extensor digitorum brevis, extensor hallucis brevis, and dorsal interossei
iliofemoral ligament anterior and superior, very strong, prevents hyperextension while standing
pulofemoral ligament anteriorly and inferiorly, tightens during extensions and abduction, prevents over abduction
ishiofemoral ligament posteriorly, weakest of 3 hip ligaments
long plantar ligament of foot (plantar calcaneocuboid) forms tunnel for fibulas longs tendon
anterior talofibular ligament weak
posterior talofibular ligament strong
deltoid ligament of ankle tibionavicular, tibiacalcaneal, anterior tibiotalar, posteiror tibiotalar, stabilize during eversion
semen production 95% in accessory glands: Seminal gland: 60, prostate gland= 30, bulborethral gland= 5%
Created by: Melyndabussman