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17-18 Chapter 9

17-18 Chapter 9 The Federalist Era

George Washington The first president of the United States under the Constitution
precedent something done or said that becomes an example for others to follow
cabinet a group of advisors to a president
uniform of the same form with others
Alexander Hamilton Secretary of the Treasury in Washington's cabinet, he proposed that the federal government take over and pay off the states' wartime debts and creation of the National Bank of the United States.
bond a certificate that promises to repay borrowed money in the future—plus an additional amount of money, called interest
accumulate to build up or collect
compromise a settlement of a disagreement reached by each side giving up some of what it wants in order to reach an agreement
Bank of the United States A bank to hold all federal government funds, make debt payments, and issue a single form of money for use throughout the country to make trade and financial actions easier.
maintain to keep
issue to deliver or hand out
Proclamation of Neutrality prohibited Americans from fighting in a war between Britain and France
impressment seizing people against their will and forcing them to serve in the military or other public service
Pinckney's Treaty a treaty with Spain which gave the United states free navigation of the Mississippi River and the right to trade at New Orleans
partisan firmly favoring one party or factio
distinct clearly different from the others
Federalists political party led by Alexander Hamilton which favored a strong federal government and that the Constitution gave the federal government implied powers.
Democratic-Republicans political party led by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison that believed in a strict reading of the Constitution and strong state governments
Thomas Jefferson Secretary of State in Washington's cabinet, he rejected the idea that implied powers and opposed Hamilton's plan to create a national bank. After losing the presidential election to Adams, he became vice president.
caucus a meeting of political party members to choose candidates for upcoming elections; a private meeting of political party officials to choose their party’s candidates or decide about policy
John Adams a Federalist who defeated Thomas Jefferson to become the 2nd President of the United States under the Constitution.
XYZ Affair when the French government demanded a bribe and a loan about a dispute between the two countries.
resolve to find a solution; to settle a conflict
alien a person living in a country who is not a citizen of that country
Sedition activities aimed at weakening the established government by inciting resistance or rebellion to authority
Alien and Sedition Acts allowed the president to imprison or deport aliens or those that he thought to be dangerous to the country
nullify to legally overturn
state's rights the idea that states should have all powers that the Constitution does not give to the federal government or forbid to the states
Whiskey Rebellion an armed mob of Western Pennsylvania farmers attacked tax collectors and burned buildings protesting a tax on the manufacture and sale of whiskey - Washington sent a strong message by quickly stopping the rebellion.
Created by: dacoburn