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7th Grade

Unit 2: Early Humans

What do you call an early ancestor of humans that developed in Africa? hominid
Name the early humans that were hunter-gatherers and lived and traveled in bands of 20 to 30 people. homo erectus
Who were the early humans that built fires, made fire, and started burying their dead? Neanderthals
Who were the first modern looking humans who made complex tools, painted art in caves, sewed clothes and used language? Cro-magnons
What do you call a strip of land connecting two continents? land bridge
What is a human called who hunts animals and gathers wild plants, seeds, fruits, and nuts to survive? hunter gatherer
The name given to early humans who move from place to place with no permanent home. nomads
Name given to the old Stone Age and the first time early humans made stone tools to make life easier. Paleolithic Age
Name given to the middle Stone Age and the second time period of early humans when they started live in bigger bands and planting foods. Mesolithic Age
Name given to the new Stone Age and the third time period of early humans when the Agricultural Revolution took place. Neolithic Age
What is the process of changing or taming plants and animals for human use called? domestication
This time period is when huge ice glaciers covered Earth's surface and caused great migrations of people, animals and plants. Ice Age
The moving from one region or habitat to another. migration
A turning point in history where humans settled and made their own food on farms. Agricultural Revolution or Neolithic Revolution
The process of farming. agriculture
What do you call a worker who is especially skilled in a crafting items by hand? artisan
What are some examples of artisans? weavers, pottery makers, jewelry makers, blacksmiths, sewers, clothing designers, artists
What do you call a group of people having similar backgrounds, incomes, and ways of living? social class
Give examples of social classes. rich vs. poor; upper-middle-lower class; king-priest-nobles-warriors-merchants-artisans-farmers-slaves
What do you call it when you have people that share a common culture, laws, economy and typically a common religion, cities are developed and a written language is used? civilization
What is it called when you have more than what you need? surplus
The Paleolithic Age is also referred to as what? Old Stone Age
During the Paleolithic Age, humans got their food by doing what? hunting and gathering
During the Ice Age, the formation of these allowed early humans to migrate from Asia and North America. land bridges
During which period did the domestication of animals and growing of crops first occur? Neolithic Age or Neolithic Revolution
Where did most early civilizations developed? Near fertile river valleys
What was a positive result of having a food surplus during the Neolithic Revolution? Population increased, people could specialize in different jobs, people made permanent settlements, more technology developed like the wheel axle and sailing ships
What was a negative result of having a food surplus during the Neolithic Revolution? It led to warring civilizations who wanted land and resources, governments could be controlled by one person, social classes developed in which some people were forced to do hard labor
When a person is able to do a special occupation in a civilization. job specialization
What are some things that were traded during early civilization times? bronze, copper, iron, ivory, grain, wheat, corn, animal hides, jewelry, pottery, baskets, domesticated animals
This invention made it easier to haul things by carts. Wheel and axle
This invention made it easier to travel by sea. Sail
How did tools and weapons changed from the Paleolithic Age to the Neolithic Age? In the Paleolithic Age tools were simple stone tools like pointed rocks and weapons like spears while in the Neolithic Age tools were more advanced and sharper like bow and arrows, needles and fishhooks
Why was the Neolithic Revolution a turning point in history? Because it led to the development of civilizations, farming, a surplus of food, trading, permanent settlements, domestication of animals and job specialization.
Which came first: Mesolithic, Neolithic or Paleolithic? Paleolithic
A time or an event in history in which a significant and lasting change occurs. Turning point
A place where people start a new place to live where others have not before. settlement
Who came first: Neanderthals or Upright Man? Upright man
Who came last: Upright man or cro-magnons? Cro-magnons
a plant grown for its seed like corn, wheat and barley grain
A structure that one lives in dwelling
A very great change from things in the past usually cause by a turning point. revolution
The Neolithic Age is also called what? New Stone Age
Give two effects of having a food surplus. Population grew, lived longer, job specialization, permanent settlements, government and religion formed, better inventions
Give an example of something that would have been traded in the Neolithic age. Stronger tools for grain; food for people; clothing for tools; pottery for spices
The discovery of this metal made possible stronger weapons, tools, helmets and shields. Bronze
Who was the most powerful person in most civilizations-the king, priest or farmer? king
Use one piece of historical evidence to describe a cause of the Iceman's death. Answers will vary on this one-use your death certificate evidence
What was last the Beringa landbridge migration or the Neanderthals migration to European region? Neanderthal migration
What was first: Food surplus or living in groups of 20-30 Living in groups of 20-30
Farmer-artisan-king: Who was lower in these social classes? Farmer
Which came first domestication of plants or animals? animals
What was the first animal to be domesticated? wolf
Created by: comstockpark