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17-18 Chapter 7

17-18 Chapter 7 A More Perfect Union

Articles of Confederation The first constitution or plan for government for the 13 colonies after winning the Revolutionary War.
bicameral Having two separate lawmaking chambers.
republic A government in which citizens rule through elected representatives.
ordinance A law or regulation.
Ordinance of 1785 A law passed by the Confederation Congress to setup a process to survey and sell the lands north of the Ohio River.
depreciate To fall in value.
abandon To give up.
clause A special condition in a formal document.
depression A period when economic activity slows and unemployment increases.
Shays' Rebellion A group of farmers in Massachusetts forced courts to close so they could not take farmers' lands because they couldn't pay taxes.
manumission The freeing of individual enslaved persons.
convention Meeting.
Constitutional Convention A meeting called to originally change the Articles of Confederation, but ended up writing a new Constitution.
amend To change or revise.
proportional Having proper size in relation to other objects or items.
New Jersey Plan A plan that called for a single house legislature, with each state having one vote.
Virginia Plan A plan that called for a strong, three branch national government with a bicameral legislature with representation proportional to the population of each state.
compromise A settlement of a dispute by each party giving up some demands.
The Great Compromise This settled the dispute between the New Jersey and Virginia plans and resulted in a bicameral legislature, the House of Representatives with proportional representation and the Senate with 2 representatives for each state.
The Three-Fifths Compromise This compromise counted three-fifths of a state's African slave population in determining representation in the House of Representatives.
The Constitution The supreme law of the land in the United States.
tradition Longstanding cultural belief or practice.
federalism Sharing power between the federal and state governments.
Legislative Branch The lawmaking branch of government.
Executive Branch The branch of government that executes, or carries out, the law; headed by the president.
Judicial Branch The branch of government that includes the courts that settle disputes and questions of the law.
Checks and Balances A system by which each branch of government limits power of other branches.
amendment A change, correction, or improvement added to a document.
Bill of Rights The first 10 amendments to the constitution which spells out both individual and state rights.
reside To exist in.
Created by: dacoburn