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Health CH 20/21

HS Health Roske Chapter 20/21 TEST

QuestionAnswer
Nicotine The addictive drug found in tobacco leaves
Carcinogen a cancer-causing substance
Nicotine Withdrawal the process that occurs in the body when nicotine is no longer used
mainstream smoke the smoke exhaled from the lungs of a smoker
sidestream smoke the smoke from the burning end of a cigarette, pipe, or cigar
sobriety living without alcohol
recovery the process of learning to live an alcohol-free life
detoxification a process by which the body adjusts to functioning without alcohol
alcoholism a disease in which a person has a physical or psychological dependence on alcohol
intoxication the state in which the body is poisoned by alcohol or another substance and the person's physical or mental control is significantly reduced
Stimulant a drug that increases the action of the central nervous system, the heart, and other organs.
leukoplakia The white, leathery-looking spots on the inside of the mouth caused by smokeless tobacco
The number of people in the US who DO NOT smoke has... ...increased
Nicotine SUBSTITUTE A product that delivers small amounts of nicotine into a user's system when the user is trying to quit is called a...
Environmental tobacco is also called... ...secondhand smoke.
Ethanol is... ...the type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages.
INtoxication is... ...the state in which the body is poisoned by alcohol and the person's physical or mental control is significantly diminished.
Alcohol is classified as a... DEPRESSANT
Alcoholic hepatitis and cirrhosis of the liver are... LONG TERM effects of alcohol.
A physiological dependence is... ...a condition in which a user has a chemical need for the drug.
Alcohol consumption... INCREASES the chance that a teen will contract an STD.
Symptoms of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome are... Physical and Mental impairments
Through the process of DETOXIFICATION... ...an alcoholic's body adjusts to functioning without alcohol.
blood alcohol concentration the amount of alcohol in his or her blood, expressed as a percentage.
If a person uses smokeless tobacco, they are NOT likely to develop: lung cancer
No-smoking policies in public places... has reduced teen tobacco use.
Nearly 90% of adults started smoking when they were... ...teens.
All of the following strategies can help people who want to quit tobacco except... ...avoiding professional health services.
Fermentation The chemical action of yeast on sugars
How does alcohol consumption affect the central nervous system? Alcohol slows the function of the central nervous system.
ABUSE of alcohol The first step in the development of alcoholism.
SHORT term effect that smoking tobacco has on the respiratory system: making breathing during physical activity more difficult.
LONG term effect that smoking tobacco has on the respiratory system: coughing, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and lung cancer.
What are the health risks to the fetus when a pregnant woman smokes? Smoking during pregnancy can seriously harm the developing fetus. It increases the risk of impaired fetal growth, spontaneous abortion, prenatal death, premature delivery, low birth weight, deformities, and stillbirths.
Compare and Contrast PHYSIOlogical dependence on alcohol and PSYCHOlogical dependence on alcohol. Both are conditions in which an individual believes he or she needs a drug in order to feel good and function normally. Physiological dependence involves a CHEMICAL NEED for alcohol. Psychological dependence involves the BELIEF that alcohol is needed for normal functioning.
Describe codependency and explain the negative affects it can have on an individual: A friend/family of an alcoholic ignores his/her own needs in order to center on the needs of an alcoholic. They lose trust in others, self esteem, and jeopardize their own health.
Characteristics of alcohol abuse: several legal related problems, relationships ruined, fired from job, uncontrollable behavior when drinking, blacking out, violent when drinking.
Created by: maplelakesped