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Bryz 12/13 Med Term

Medical Terminology Chapter 12/13 Terms - Updated

QuestionAnswer
Actinic Keratosis Precancerous skin growth occurring on sun-damaged skin
Albinism Deficiency or the absence of pigment in the skin, hair, and irises of the eyes
Alopecia partial or complete loss of hair, most commonly on the scalp
Cortisol Hydrocortisone, corticosteroid that has an anti-inflammatory action.
Crust scab, collection of dried serum and cellular debris
Cryosurgery Destruction or elimination of abnormal tissue cells, such as warts or tumors, through the application of extreme cold by using liquid nitrogen
Cyst abnormal sac containing gas, fluid, or a semisolid material
Debridement Removal of dirt, foreign objects, damaged tissue, and cellular debris from a wound to prevent infection and to promote healing
Diabetes Mellitus Group of metabolic disorders with hyperglycemia/hypoglycemia caused by defective insulin secretion, defective insulin action, or both.
Diabetic Retinopathy When diabetes damages the tiny blood vessels in the retina causing blood to leak into the posterior segment of the eyeball and produces damage that causes loss of vision
Diaphoresis Profuse sweating, normal result brought on by heat, exertion, and sometimes emotional/physical distress
Eczema persistent or recurring dermatitis with redness, itching, and drying, with possible blistering, cracking, oozing, or bleeding
Electrolytes Mineral substances, such as sodium and potassium, that are normally found in the blood
Epinephrine Adrenaline, stimulates the sympathetic nervous system in response to physical injury or to mental stress such as fear.
Estrogen Secreted by the ovaries and is important with the development of female secondary sex characteristics and regulation of the menstrual cycle
Fasting Blood Sugar measures the glucose levels after a person hasn’t eaten for 8 – 12 hours
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Occurs during some pregnancies and usually disappears after delivery. Many of these women have an increased risk to develop type 2 diabetes later in life.
Hematoma Large swelling of clotted blood trapped in the tissues
Hormones Chemical messengers that are secreted by endocrine glands directly into the bloodstream
Hyperhidrosis Excessive sweating in one area or over the whole body
Keratosis Any skin growth, such as a wart or a callus, in which there is overgrowth and thickening of the skin
Laceration torn or jagged wound, or an accidental cut wound
Macule Discolored flat spot
Necrotizing Fasciitis Severe infection by strep bacteria (flesh-eating bacteria) that causes inflammation of the fascia and tissue death
Pressure Sore open ulcerated wound that is caused by prolonged pressure on an area of skin
Psoriasis Common disorder characterized by flare-ups in which red papules covered with silvery scales occur on the elbows, knees, scalp, back, or butt
Second Degree Burn partial thickness, blisters, damage to the epidermis and dermis
Squamous Cell Carcinoma Malignant tumor of the scaly squamous cells of the epithelium, can spread quickly to other body systems
Testosterone Secreted by the testicles and responsible for male secondary sex characteristics
Thymus Plays a major role in the immune reaction and is located in the anterior portion of the chest slightly superior to the heart
Created by: ebryzgornia