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Group 1-2

Medical billing and coding lesson group 1&2

Medical ethics are? Standards of conduct based on moral principals.
What are the 7 medical ethics? 1. Integrity 2. Decency 3. respect 4. honesty 5. competence 6. fairness 7. trust
Compliance regulations are? Billing related cases that are based on HIPAA & the false claims act.
Hipaa stands for? The health insurance portability & Accountability act of 1996
Why was hipaa created? To detect health care fraud and abuse control.
What are the 2 provisions of hipaa? 1. Insurance Reform 2. Administrative Simplification
What is title 1 of Hippa (1) & What does it do? (2) 1. Health insurance Access, portability, & Renewability 2. Protects health insurance coverage for workers who change or lose their jobs.
What is hipaa title 2? (1) & What does it do (2)? 1. Health care and fraud 2. Requires health & human services to establish national standards for electronic healthcare transactions and national identifers.
What is Hipaa title 3? (1) & What does it do? (2) 1. Tax related health providers 2. Deductions for health insurance
What is Hipaa title 4? (1) & What does it do? (2) 1. Application & Enforcement of Group health insurance requirements. 2. How health insurances treat pre existing conditions.
What is Hipaa title 5? (1) & What does it do? (2) 1. Revenue Offsets 2. Company owned life insurance
Why was Hipaa title 2 created? To minimize the risk of patients protected health information being revealed.
AARA-? (1) What is it for? (2) 1. American Recovery & Reinvestment Act 2. National Standards for use and exchange of electronic health data.
What does Hitech stand for? (1) & What does it do? (2) 1. health information technology for economic and clinical health act. 2. Responsible for changes to HIPAA
EMR-? Electronic Medical Record
EHR-? Electronic health record
EMR is? patient record (similar to paper copy) but does not exchange with other systems.
EHR is? patient record (similar to paper copy) that can receive or share information with other systems.
PHR-? Personal Health record
What is vista? system that connects all VA hospitals in the usa together.
PPACA-? Patient Protection & Affordable care act
ACA-? Affordable care act
HIE/HIX-? Health Insurance Exchanges
ACO-? Accountable care organizations.
PPACA & ACA do what? requires health care coverage, and changes some insurance company practices.
ACO does what? reduce health care cost.
HIE & HIX does what? Allows people to buy health insurance online.
Professionalism means? Individual who obtains education related to specific career.
Ethics is? determine right from wrong.
Autonomy is? Patient has control of their body.
Beneficence is? What is best for the patient.
Nonmaleficence means? Do not harm.
HHS-? health & human services.
HHS does? center for all health agencies
Who are the HHS (1) & Who do they report to? (2) 1. members of the cabinet 2. the president
FDA-? Food and Drug Administration
ONC-? health information technology
CSA-? Controlled Substances act
ONC does what? implementing most advanced health information technology
CSA does what? enforced by drug enforcement administration
Osha-? Occupational safety & health administration
PPE-? Personal protective equipment
MSDS-? Material Safety data sheet
Osha does what? enforces laws for safe work environments
AHDI-? Association for healthcare documentation integrity
CDIS? Clinical documentation improvement specialist
CEHRT-? Certified healthcare documentation specialist
CHDS-? Certified healthcare documentation specialist
CMS-? Centers for Medicare and Medicaid services
CMT-? Certified medical transcriptionist
DEA-? Drug enforcement administration
DOH-? Department of health
EMT-? Emergency medical technician
DOL-? Department of labor
HIM-? health information management
What act mandated the reporting of ICD-9-CM Diagnosis code? The Medicare Catastrophic coverage act of 1988
Under Hipaa providers may use PHI w/o authorization for? treatment, payment, and operations (staff training)
HIT-? Health information technician/ Technology
ICD-10/ ICD-9 International classification of diseases 9 or 10th revision
MA-? Medical assistant
MT-? Medical transcriptionist
PH-? Personal Health
QA-? Quality Assurance
QMI-? Quality measures impact
RHDS-? Registered healthcare Doc. specialist
RHIT-? Registered health information techinican
RMT-? Registered Medical transcriptionist
SRE-? Speech recognition editor
UR-? Utilization review
VHA-? Veterans health administration
VRE-? Voice recognition editor
WHO-? World health organization
who developed vistas? Veterans hwalth administration
What are eponyms? medical terms that are named after people
What are acronyms? New eords that are formed by te 1st letter or few letters of mult words.
What are root words? main part
What are prefixes & suffixes? P- Beginning of the word modify the meaning S- Comes at the end of the word
What are combining vowels? Vowels that are placed between 2 words or wood root/ suffix
Chondr/o- cartilage
Cyt/o cell
Hist/o tissue
nucle/o nucleus
dia- through/ complete
dys- difficult, labored, painful, abnormal
hyper- above/ excessive
hypo- below, incomplete, deficient
meta- after, beyond, change
neo- new
pro- before
al- pertain to
cyte- cell
elle small
gen- producing, formation, causing
genesis origin, cause
genic pertaining to, causing, producing
ic- pertaining to
logist one who studies
logy study of
oid resembling
oma abnormal, swelling, tumor
osis condition of
plasia shape, formation
plasm something shaped
sarcoma malignant tumor
sis state of
some body
stasis standing still
um pertaining to
abdomen/o abdomen
alveol/o alveolus
angi/o vessel
arteri/o artert
arthr/o joint
bronch/o bronchus
cardi/o heart
cephal/o head
cerebr/o cerebrum
col/o colon
cost/o rib
crani/o skull
derm- skin
encephala/o- brain
enter/o- small intestine
gastr/o- stomach
hemat/o- blood
hepat/o- liver
mast/o- breast
my/o- muscle
myel/o- spinal cord
nas/o- nose
mephr/o- kidney
neur/o- nerve
ophthlam/o- eye
oste/o- bone
ot/o- ear
phleb/o- vein
pneum/0- lung
psych/o- mind
pulmon/o- lung
renal/o- kidney
thorac/o- chest
vas/o- vessel
bi- two
uni- one
ad- toward
dia through, complete
ior- pertaining to
ous- pertaining to
pathy- disease
anter/o- front
caud/o- tail/ downward
dist/o- away
dors/o- back
proxim/o- near
super/o- above
ventr/o- belly, front
infer/o- below
later/o- side
medi/o- middle
poster/o- back, behind
ac, al, ic, tic, y pertaining to
adip/o- fat
aut/o- self
bi/o- life
coni/o- dust
crypt/o- hidden
cutane/o- skin
dermat/o- skin
heter/o- other
hidr/o- sweat
kerat/o- hard, cornea
lip/o- fat
melan/o- black
myc/o- fungus
necr/o- death
onych/o- nail
pachy/o- thick
pil/o- hair
rhytid/o- wrinkles
scler/o- hardening/ sclera
seb/o- sebum, sebaceous
squam/o- scale
staphyl/o- grape like clusters
steat/o- fat
strept/o- twisted chains
sudor/o- sweat
trich/o- hair
ungu/o- nail
xen/o- foreign, strange
xer/o- dry
ary- pertaining to
cele- hernia/ swelling
duction- act of leading, bringing
eal- pertaining to
ectomy- removal, excision
emia- blood
esis- condition
ism- condition
itis- inflammation
malacia- sofetening
penia- decrease
phagia- eat, swallow
phoresis- carrying transmission
plasty- surgical repair
rrhea- discharge
therapy- treatment
tome- instrument used to cut
tomy- incision
a/an- without/ not
epi- above/upon
sub- under/below
hemi- half/ partial
pepsia- digestion
gram- record
graphy- process of recording
sclerosis- hardening
brady- slow
tachy- fast / rapid
aort/o- aorta
ather/o- yellowish, fatty plaque
atri/0- atrium
bacteri/0- bacteria
coron/o- heart
ech/o- sound
electr/o- electricity
isch/o- deficiency, blockage
lymph/o- lymph
myel/o- bone marrow
phleb/o- vein
ven/o- vein
plasm/o- plasm
sphygm/o- pulse
spleen/o- spleen
steth/o- chest
therm/o- heat
thromb/o- clot
thym/o- thymus gland
valv/o- valve
valvul/o- valve
ventricul/o- ventricle
an/o- anus
antro/o- antrum
cec/o- cecum
colon/o- colon
col/o colon
duoden/o- duodenum
enter/o- intestine
esophag/o- esophagus
gastr/o- stomach
ile/o- ileum
jejun/o- jejunem
or/o- mouth
stomat/o- mouth
proct/o- rectum
rect/o- rectum
sigmoid/o- sigmoid colon
abdomen/o- abdomen
celi/o- abdomen
lapar/o- abdomen
appendic/o- appendix
cheil/o- lip
cholo/e- gall, bile
cholangi/o- bile duct
choledoh/o- common bile duct
diverticul/o- diverticulum
gingiv/u- gum
gloss/o- tongue
lingu/o- tongue
hepat/o- liver
herni/o- hernia
palat/o- palate
pancreat/o- pancreas
peritone/0- peritoneum
plyp/o- polyp, small growth
pylor- pyloric spincter
sial/o- saliva
steat/o- fat
uvul/o- uvula
endo- within
eu- normal, good
centesis- surgical puncture
ectasis- stretching out, exand
emia- blood condition
meter- to measure (instrument)
metry- measurement
oxia- oxygen
pan- all, total
pexy- surgical fixation
phonia- sound/ voice
pnea- breathing
poly- many, much
rrhagia- rapid flow of blood
scope- visual examination (insutrument)
scopic- visual examination
scopy- visual examination
spasm- involuntary muscle contraction
stenosis- constriction, narrowing
stomy- creation of artificial opening
thorax- chest
tomy- cut, incision
adenoid- adenoids
alveol/o- alveolus
atel/o- imperfect, incomplete
bronch/I- bronchus
bronch/o- bronchus
capn- carbon dioxide
diaphrogmat/o- diaphragm
epiglott/o- epiglottis
hem/o- blood
hemat/0- larynx
laryng/0- lobe
lob/o- mucous
nas/o- nose
rhin/o- nose
orth/o- straight
ox/o- oxygen
ox/I- oxygen
pharyng/o- pharynx
phon/o- sound, voice
pleur/0- pleura
pneum/o- lung, air
pneumat/o- lung, air
pneumon/o- lung,air
pulmon/o- lung
py/o- pus
sept/o- septum
sinus/o- sinus
thorac/o- thorax, chest
tonsill/o- tonsil
trache/o- trachea
drome- run, running
acr/o- extremities
aden/o- gland
adren/o- adrenal gland
adrenal/o- adrenal gland
calc/i- calcium
cortic/o- cortex, outer layer of a body organ
dips/o- thirst
endocrin/o- endocrine
kal/I- potassium
parathyroid/o- parathyroid glands
pituitary/o- pituitary gland
thyroid/o- thyroid gland
thyr/o- thyroid gland
iatrist- specialist
ictal- seizure
pre- before
tetra- four
cerebello/o- cerebellum
cerebr/o- cerebrum, brain
dur/o- hard, dura mater
encephala/o- brain
esthesi/o- sensation
gangli/o- ganglion
ganglion/o- ganglion
gli/o- glia
meningi/o- meninges
mening/o- meninges
ment/o- mind
psych/o- mind
mon/o- one, single
myel/o- spinal cord
neur/o- nerve
phas/o- speech
poli/o- gray matter
quadr/I- four
radic/o- nerve root
iasis- condition
esis- condition
lysis- separating, loosen
megaly- enlargement
ptosis- sagging, prolapse
rrhapy- suture, repair
tripsy- surgical crushing
trophy- development
uria- urine
cyst- bladder/pelvis
glyc/o- sugar
hydr/o- water
lith/o- stone
noct/I- night
olig/o- scanty, few
son/o- sound
tom/o- cut, section
pelv/o- bladder
atresia- nonnormal body opening
ial- pertaining to
salpinx- fallopian tube
peri- surrounding or outer
arche/o- first, beginning
cervic/o- cervix
episi/o- vulva
vulv/o- vulva
gynec/o- woman
gyn/o- woman
hymen/o- hymen
hyster/o- uterus
uter/o- uterus
mamm/o- breast
mast/o- breast
men/o- menstruation
oophor/o- ovary
perine/o- perineum
salping/o- fallopian
vagin/o- vagina
trans- through, across
ism- state of
andr/o- male
ordchid/o- testis
test/o- testis
prostat/o- prostate gland
sperm/o- sperm
spermat/o- sperm
cyesis- pregnancy
orrhexis- rupture
partum- childbirth, labor
rrhexis- rupture
tocia- birth, labor
ante- before
pre- before
micro- small
multi- many
nulli- none
post- after
lact/o- milk
nat/o- birth
per- through
pseudo- flase
supra- above, beyond
arth- cartilage
cholecyst- gall bladder
anti- against
ex- out
infra- below
inter- between
para- beside
algiar- pain
erythr/o- red
cell membrane- outer covering
cytoplasm- working part of cell
nucleus- control center (genes)
integumentary- skin
musculoskeletal- body, organs
blood & lymphatic- blood to carry oxygen
cardiovascular- heart
respiratory- oxygen
gastrointestinal- transport food, absorb, excretes waste
urinary- kidney
reproductive- reproduction
endocrine- glands & hormones
nervous- brain & nervous
frontal plane is also known? as the coronal plane
midsagittal plan is also known as the? median
frontal/ coronal plane- front-back
midsagittal/ median plane right-left
transverse plane- top-bottom
superficial- closest to surface of skin
deep- away from skin surface
anterior- front, toward belly
posterior- back of body
ventral- front, toward belly
dorsal- back
medial- midline
lateral- away from the midline
superior- up toward head
inferior- down toward feet
supine- face up
prone- face down
articular cartilage- protection of bone
intervertebral disk- small pod of cartilage between each vertebrae
pubic symphysis- 2 pubic bones fuse together
bursa- fluid- filled sac
ligament- attaches 1 bone to another
what are the 3 layers of skin? epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous layer
epidermis- thin, cellular membrane that contains keratin
dermis- dense connective tissue that contains collagen
subcutaneous layer- thicker fatter tissue
vertebrae has how many bones? 26 bones in the spine
cervical- neck bones
thoracic- upper back
lumbar- lower back
sacral- sacrum
coccygeal- coccyx (tail bone)
humerus- upper arm bone
ulna- lower medial arm bone
radius- lower thumb side arm bone
carpals- wrist bone
metacarpals- bone in palm of hand
phalanges- finger bones
pelvis- thigh bones
patella knee cap
tibia- shin
fibula- smaller, lateral leg bone
malleolus- ankle
tarsal- hind foot bone
metatarsal- mid foot bone
phalanx- toe bone
joints- where two or more bones bone join
melanin- major skin pigment
lipocyte- a fat cell
vesicle- small collection of clear fluid, blister
osseous- connective tissue that makes up bones
what are the two parts of the skull? cranium and facial bones
frontal bones- front of skull
parietal bone- sides of skull
occipital bone- back of skull
temporal bone- lower sides of skull
ethmoid bone- roof of nasal cavity
zygoma- cheek bone
chronic- last for a long time
cancer- disease caused by abnormal cell in the body
benign- don't destroy tissue or spread
malignant- spreads
asthma- long-term disease the affects the wind pipe
diabetes- glucose (blood sugar) up or down
type 1 diabetes- body doesn't make insulin
type 2 diabetes- body doesn't use insulin made
which type of diabetes is more common? type 2
arthritis- pain, swelling, and stiffening in the joints
obesity- body mass 30+
Alzheimer- progressive dementia
major infectious diseases- passed from one to another
hepatitis is? viral disease that affects the liver
hepatitis A- vaccination, no treatment resolves itself normally transmission in drinking water or food
hepatitis b- -long lasting and many people don't know they have it -flu symptoms -transmitted by blood or body fluids - medication can treat
hepatitis C- - most serious - many years with no symptoms - blood transmit -antivirals
HIV- attacks healthy cells
Encephalitis- serious inflammation of the brain, caused by a virus
Pneumonia- infection of lungs by viruses
TB- bacterial infection of lung
Meningitis- inflammation of tissues that cover the brain & spinal cord caused by infection
The Check Your Learning assignments in your lesson materials are a good example of what type of assessment? A. Exam B. Essay C. Project D. Self-assessment D. Self- assessment
N has to summarize what he learned in a reading assignment. A. provide examples from his own experience B. use reasoning&argument to justify viewpoints C. cover the main points of the material D. describe& elaborate on one key point in the text C. Cover the main points of the material he has read
Mia wrote out her notes, then recited them into a recording device. Afterward, she played the notes back to herself. Which type of learner is Mia? A. Kinesthetic B. Auditory C. Visual D. Hands-on B. Auditory
If you’re able to understand directions more easily when you hear them instead of reading them, you are most likely a(n) _______ learner. A. delayed B. auditory C. visual D. kinesthetic B. Auditory
Rhonda likes to move around and enjoys hands-on projects. What is Rhonda’s preferred style of learning? A. Auditory B. Kinesthetic C. Visual D. Olfactory B. Kinesthetic
If you prefer to learn by reading to yourself instead of participating in a group discussion, you are most likely a(n) _______ learner. A. auditory b. kinesthetic C. delayed D. visual D. Visual
1. Coding, billing, transcription, and electronic health record management fall under what type of allied health? 2. A. Phlebotomists 3. B. Respiratory therapy 4. C. Health information management 5. D. Nursing C. Health information management
The (RHIT) A. is a type of associate’s degree that covers a wide range of skills. B. is a type of certificate offered by certain states. C. is a type of doctoral degree that is earned by physicians. D. is required for licensure. A. Is a type of associates degree that covers a wide range of skills
Which skills are required to work well with other people? A. Time management skills B. Interpersonal skills C. Language skills D. Leadership skills B. Interpersonal skills
Justice means? A. those with more money should have access to better health care. B. patients in the same situation should all have access to the same care. C. people in prison should not receive health care. D. one should do no harm. B. patients in the same situation should all have access to the same care.
Which of the following is an allied health position in which a person often works from home and has no face-to-face contact with the patient? A. Medical assistant B. Pharmacy technician C. Medical coder D. Medical transcriptionist D. Medical transcriptionist
A medical scribe is a person who A. shadows the physician &doc. visits in real time. B. runs the healthcare facility & hires new doctor. C. provides occupational therapy. D. stands in for physical therapy aides during their lunch breaks. A. shadows the physician and documents visits in real time.
All jobs within the allied health field require this one specific knowledge base. What is this knowledge base? A. Pharmacology B. Medical terminology C. Phlebotomy D. Coding B. Medical Terminology
Physicians will be penalized by the CMS if they A. fail to use electronic health records (EHR) by 2014. B. refuse to accept Medicaid. C. refuse to become part of an accountable care organization. D. refuse to use HIPPA forms. A. fail to use electronic health records (EHR) by 2014.
The ability to adjust the way one communicates with people based on their needs is called A. interpretational communication. B. goal identification. C. relational versatility. D. intentional literacy. C. Relational Versatility
Which of the following describes the (WHO)? A.agency that is resp. 4 the approval of drugs. B. agency that ensures the safety of food. C. intern. org. that influences the gov. & how provide healthcare. D. agency that monitors illegal drugs. C. It is an international organization that influences the world’s governments and how they provide healthcare for their citizens.
11. Because of the increasing use of practice management systems and EHRs, which of the following skills is critical in today’s healthcare job market? A. Decision making B. Book keeping C. Problem solving D. Computer literacy D. Computer literacy
One of the main goals of the HITECH Act is to help physicians and hospitals to move to A. electronic health records (EHRs). B. paper-based documentation systems. C. chronic disease registries. D. universal health insurance. A. electronic health records (EHRs).
The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) provided funds for A. certification programs for transcriptionists. B. photocopying of medical records. C. technologies & workforce training that will support EHR D. shredding of paper doc. C. technologies and workforce training that will support electronic health records.
Which of the following fields is considered to be in allied health? A. Dentist B. Medical assistant C. Optometrist D. Nurse B. Medical assistant
Which act mandates that patients have a right to their health records and can file a complaint if they feel there has been a breach in their privacy? A. ARRA B. HIPAA C. HITECH D. PPACA B. HIPAA
patient-centered med. home A. must live within 3 blocks of his or her physician. B.care is coordinated by a group of specialists. C. primary care doctor is the hub for all of the patient’s medical care. D. is not permitted to see specialists. C. the patient’s primary care doctor is the hub for all of the patient’s medical care.
Which of the following may interfere with the sanitary field when working with some patients? A. Gloves B. Mask C. Perfume D. Nail polish D. Nail Polish
The Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC) was created by Executive Order and then mandated as part of which of the following acts? A. HIPPO B. Affordable Care Act C. HITECH D. Social Security Act C. HITECH
Which federal agency requires employers to provide written safety policies, provide regular training of personnel, and supply PPE for employees? A. OSHA B. DOL C. DOH D. DEA A. OSHA
Which of the following terms refers to promoting what is best for the patient? A. Nonmaleficence B. Beneficence C. Autonomy D. Stoicism B. Beneficence
Which of the following helps break down food for digestion? A. Salivary glands B. Peritoneum C. Uvula D. Ileum A. Salivary glands
A patient who’s having black, tarry stool may be experiencing A. peristalsis. B. emesis. C. upper gastrointestinal bleeding. D. difficult digestion. C. upper gastrointestinal bleeding.
If you have a disorder caused by too much iron in your body from food, you might have A. Crohn’s disease. B. dyskinesia. C. hemochromatosis. D. ankylosis. C. hemochromatosis.
The main cause of vertebral fracture is A. falls. B. osteoporosis. C. uric acid deposits. D. rheumatoid arthritis. B. osteoporosis.
Which term can’t be broken into word parts? A. Oral B. Dysentery C. Proctology D. Sialolith B. Dysentery
If you were having problems with your stomach, you would most likely make an appointment with a/an A. osteopath. B. proctologist. C. orthopedist. D. gastroenterologist. D. gastroenterologist.
An incision into the vertebral column is a A. vertebrotomy. B. diskectomy. C. rachiotomy. D. chondrectomy. C. rachiotomy.
Which of the following is integral for moving food through the body? A. Peristalsis B. Emesis C. Stoma D. Lavage A. Peristalsis
The medical term for inflammation of the nose and throat has how many word roots? A. Zero B. One C. Two D. Three B. Thrombocytes
Which of the following is the correct way to analyze the term that means “inflammation of the tendon”? A. tendon/i/tis B. tendon/itis C. tendin/i/tis D. tendin/it is D. tendin/it is
If a patient needs a specialist who uses devices to support, align, prevent, or correct deformities, he or she would visit a/an A. chiropractor. B. orthotist. C. osteopath. D. podiatrist. B. orthotist.
If someone is balding, he or she may have A. onychomycosis. B. alopecia. C. hyperplasia. D. dysplasia. B. alopecia.
Stitching of the large tissue that acts as a tendon and attaches muscles to bone is called A. arthrodesis. B. aponeurorrhaphy. C. myorrhaphy. D. spondylosyndesis. B. aponeurorrhaphy.
Which of the following is a record of the electrical activity in a skeletal muscle? A. CTS B. THA C. EMG D. OA C. EMG
When a physician is listening to the heart sounds with a stethoscope, this is called A. extravasation. B. manometer. C. impedance plethysmography. D. auscultation. D. auscultation.
What is the correct way to analyze a term that means “softening of the cartilage”? A. chondr/o/malacia B. chondr/o/malac/ia C. oste/o/chondr/itis D. osteo/chondr/it is A. chondr/o/malacia
How many combining forms does UPP have? A. One B. Two C. Three D. Four C. three
Which medical term has a combining vowel of “i”? A. Pubic B. Pelvisacral C. Dyskinesia D. Stenosis B. Pelvisacral
A patient had a fracture that grew back, and now the surgeon will need to break it again to fix the deformity. This is called A. prosthesis. B. myrorraphy. C. spondylosyndesis. D. osteoclasis. D. osteoclasis.
Which abbreviation indicates that the patient has a condition caused by a defect in the transmission of impulses from nerve to muscle cell? A. MD B. RA C. MG D. HNP C. MG
Which of the following means “inflammation of the serous saclike lining of the abdominal and pelvic cavities”? A. Palatitis B. Gastritis C. Uvulitis D. Peritonitis D. Peritonitis
In the term dermatosclerosis, which part of the word means “hardening”? A. derm B. ato C. scler D. osis C. scler
Which of the following terms has two different combining forms? A. Gastroenterocolitis B. Hepatitis C. Cholelithiasis D. Glossapathy A. Gastroenterocolitis
How many combining forms does EGD have? A. One B. Two C. Three D. Four C. Three
With an open gallbladder removal, most patients A. can go home the next day. B. require hospitalization for five to seven days. C. require only two small puncture holes to insert the camera. D. resume a regular diet immediately. B. require hospitalization for five to seven days.
Fingers and toes are also called A. tarsals. B. phalanges. C. metacarpals. D. carpals. B. phalanges.
Which of the following is a fluid-filled sac that allows articulations to move across each other more easily? A. Synovia B. Aponeurosis C. Bursa D. Meniscus C. Bursa
. Which of the following goes from the mouth to the anus in the body? A. Pyloric sphincter B. Aorta C. Pharynx D. Alimentary canal D. Alimentary canal
How many word roots are present in the word that means “condition of stones in the common bile duct”? A. One B. Two C. Three D. Four B. Two
What is the correct way to analyze the term that means “sagging breast”? A. mast/o/ptosis B. mast/algia C. men/arche D. my/o/metr/it is A. mast/o/ptosis
Why would a woman have a closure of the fallopian tubes? A. Sterilization B. Cancer C. Fibroids D. Enuresis A. Sterilization
Inflammation of the mucus-producing glands located on each vaginal opening is called A. Endometritis B. Endocervicitis C. Bartholin’s adenitis D. Perimetritis C. Bartholin’s adenitis
Premature separation of the placenta from the uterine wall is called A. placenta previa. B. preeclampsia. C. ectopic pregnancy. D. abruptio placentae. D. abruptio placentae.
Tumors of epithelial tissue are called A. adenomas. B. fibromas. C. hemangiomas. D. myomas. A. adenomas.
Shortness of breath and a cough that produces mucus can be symptoms of A. congestive heart failure. B. coronary artery disease. C. myocardial infarction. D. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. D. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Which one of the following diseases is characterized by insufficient insulin production? A. Rheumatic heart disease B. Leukemia C. Type 1 diabetes D. Type 2 diabetes C. Type 1 diabetes
Which of the followin is the most likely way to spread a pathogenic disease? A. A tick bites a child. B. doctor wears a surgical mask. C. woman tries on clothes in a department store. D. elderly man uses the bus for transportation. A. A tick bites a child.
If a patient is getting up many times during the night to urinate, he may be diagnosed with A. oliguria. B. polyuria. C. pyuria. D. nocturia. D. nocturia.
Which of the following carries sperm from the epididymis to the urethra? A. Scrotum B. Seminal vesicle C. Epididymis D. Ductus deferens D. Ductus deferens
Which one of the following types of tumors often comprises birthmarks of the head and neck? A. Adenomas B. Fibromas C. Hemangiomas D. Myomas C. Hemangiomas
Which one of the following conditions could result in severe liver damage? A. HIV B. Hepatitis A C. Hepatitis B D. Hepatitis C D. Hepatitis C
Which one of the following conditions most often starts in the toes? A. Gout B. Osteoarthritis C. Rheumatoid arthritis D. Coronary artery disease A. Gout
Which of the following is a serious condition that causes decreased blood flow to the testes? A. Varicocele B. Priapism C. Testicular torsion D. Hydrocele C. Testicular torsion
A patient has asthma that was caused by her work environment. She will likely be diagnosed with _______ asthma. A. allergic B. cough-variant C. occupational D. nocturnal C. occupational
Which one of the following choices can be classified as a pathogenic organism? A. Myoma B. Gout C. Fungus D. Glucose C. Fungus
Which procedure removes breast tissue, nipples, and lymph nodes? A. Lumpectomy B. Modified radical mastectomy C. Mammoplasty D. Mastectomy B. Modified radical mastectomy
A patient has a body-mass index of 31. The physician may diagnose the patient with A. CAD. B. obesity. C. myoma. D. COPD. B. obesity.
Which one of the following conditions is considered the final stages of the human immunodeficiency virus? A. COPD B. CAD C. AIDS D. RA C. AIDS
A little girl is born with a hole in the wrong place on the urinary meatus. This condition is called A. cystotomy. B. meatotomy. C. fulguration. D. epispadias. D. epispadias.
A physician prescribed an NSAID for a patient’s condition. The physician is probably treating A. diabetes. B. arthritis. C. coronary artery disease. D. cardiomyopathy. B. arthritis.
Which of the following helps the eye keep its shape? A. Aqueous humor B. Lacrimal glands C. Meibomian glands D. Vitreous humor D. Vitreous humor
A patient’s body isn’t properly using the insulin it produces. The doctor will probably diagnose the patient’s condition as A. rheumatic heart disease. B. leukemia. C. type 1 diabetes. D. type 2 diabetes. D. type 2 diabetes.
A patient has asthma that gets worse whenever he runs. He will probably be diagnosed with _______ asthma. A. allergic B. cough-variant C. exercise-induced D. nocturnal C. exercise-induced
People who have _______ often mistake their symptoms for the flu. A. hepatitis B B. osteoarthritis C. Alzheimer's D. AIDS A. hepatitis B
. A cell that’s formed from the union of the sperm and ovum is called a(n) A. fetus. B. embryo. C. gamete. D. zygote. D. zygote.
Using the body's immune system to fight cancer is known as A. hormone therapy. B. radiation therapy. C. immunotherapy. D. chemotherapy. C. immunotherapy.
COPD includes which of the following conditions? A. Emphysema and chronic bronchitis B. CHF C. CAD D. Type 1 diabetes A. Emphysema and chronic bronchitis
Which of the following is a synonym for castration? A. Orchiectomy B. Epididymectomy C. Prostatectomy D. Prostatovesiculectomy A. Orchiectomy
A patient enters a facility. He is confused & has had trouble telling what day & time it is for about 1 month. The patient is likely to be diagnosed with A. Alzheimer's disease. B. leukemia. C. nocturnal asthma. D. diabetes. A. Alzheimer's disease.
Which of the following equalizes air pressure on both sides of the eardrum? A. Ear canal B. Eustachian tube C. Inner ear D. Mastoid bone B. Eustachian tube
If a woman has uterine fibroids, how might they be treated? A. D&C B. Conization C. Uterine artery embolization D. A C. Uterine artery embolization
Which one of the following conditions can be treated with antibiotics? A. Hepatitis B B. Encephalitis C. Influenza D. Pneumonia D. Pneumonia
When cartilage between a joint is worn, the condition is known as A. gout. B. rheumatoid arthritis. C. osteoarthritis. D. bone cancer. C. osteoarthritis.
Which one of the following conditions is considered an autoimmune disease? A. Gout B. Rheumatoid arthritis C. Osteoarthritis D. Bone cancer B. Rheumatoid arthritis
Which of the following conditions can cause dizziness? A. Retinitis pigmentosa B. Down syndrome C. Balanorrhea D. Meniere’s disease D. Meniere’s disease
Which one of the following diseases can be transmitted through contaminated food and drinks? A. HIV B. Hepatitis B C. Encephalitis D. Meningitis C. Encephalitis
A myomectomy is performed to remove A. a breast. B. a fibroid tumor. C. the uterus. D. lymph glands. B. a fibroid tumor.
Which one of the following asthmatic conditions occurs primarily after a person goes to bed? A. Allergic asthma B. Cough-variant asthma C. Exercise-induced asthma D. Nocturnal asthma D. Nocturnal asthma
Tumors that don’t destroy or invade cells are probably A. metastatic. B. malignant. C. benign. D. acute. C. benign.
Early detection of prostate cancer can be done through A. ED. B. PSA test. C. TUIP. D. TUMT. B. PSA test.
Medication and oxygen therapy may be used to treat A. congestive heart failure. B. coronary artery disease. C. myocardial infarction. D. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. D. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Which of the following is the most common birth defect of the male reproductive system? A. Stone in the prostate gland B. Hidden testes C. Inability to have an erection D. Testicular torsion B. Hidden testes
What is the correct way to analyze the term that means “sagging breast”? A. mast/o/ptosis B. mast/algia C. men/arche D. my/o/metr/it is A. mast/o/ptosis
The most common form of dementia is A. myoma. B. Alzheimer's. C. gout. D. metastasis. B. Alzheimer's.
A narrowing of the arteries that slows down blood to the heart is called A. ischemic heart disease. B. inflammatory heart disease. C. rheumatic heart disease. D. cardiomyopathy. A. ischemic heart disease.
How is hepatitis B transmitted? A. Hugging B. Sharing food C. Sneezing D. Contact with blood D. Contact with blood
Which part of the term trachelocystitis means “neck of the bladder”? A. trachelo B. cyst C. itis D. chelo A. trachelo
Pain, swelling, and stiffness in the joints can be caused by A. arthritis. B. hypertension. C. coronary artery disease. D. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. A. arthritis.
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