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Chapter 13

Medical Terminology

TermDefinition
Hypophysis Cerebri Another term for the pituitary gland
Pinealopathy Any disease of the pineal gland
Adenocarcinoma Cancer of a gland
Pinealectomy Excision of the pineal gland
Hypophysitis Inflammation of the pituitary gland
Adenomegaly Abnormal enlargement of a gland
Adenitis Inflammation of a gland
Hypophysectomy Surgical removal or destruction of the pituitary gland
Adenoma Glandular tumor
Adenomalacia Abnormal softening of a gland
Thyroidectomy Excision of the thyroid gland
Parathyroidal Pertaining to the parathyroid glands
Thyroidotomy Incision into the thyroid gland
Parathyroidectomy Excision of the parathyroid glands
Thyrocele Thyroid tumor; goiter
Thyropathy Any disease of the thyroid gland
Parathyropathy Any disease of the parathyroid glands
Parathyroidoma tumor or cancer of the parathyroid gland
Thyrotoxic Pertaining to toxic levels of thyroid hormones
Parathormone Parathyroid hormones
Pancreatolithectomy Excision of a pancreatic calculus
Pancreatopathy Any disease of the pancreas
Adrenaline Epinephrine
Thymectomy Excision of the thymus gland
Adrenalitis Inflammation of the adrenal gland
Pancreatic Pertaining to the pancreas
Adrenalopathy Any disease of the adrenal gland
Thymopathy Any disease of the thymus gland
Adrenalectomy Excision of an adrenal gland
Pancreatectomy Excision of the pancreas
Adrenal Pertaining to the adrenal glands
Thymitis Inflammation of the thymus gland
Pancreatolith A pancreatic calculus
Adrenomegaly Enlargement of an adrenal gland
Pancreatitis Inflammation of the pancreas
Thymic Pertaining to the thymus gland
Hypoglycemia Deficiency of sugar in the blood
Hyperkalemia Excessive potassium in the blood
Hypocalcemia Deficiency of calcium in the blood
Hyperglycemia Excessive sugar in the blood
Polydipsia Excessive thirst
Glucogenic Producing glucose
Hypokalemia Deficiency of potassium in the blood
Hyponatremia Deficiency of sodium in the blood
Glycosuria Presence of sugar in the urine
Hypercalcemia Excessive calcium in the blood
Hypernatremia Excessive sodium in the blood
Antilipidemics Agents used to counteract high levels of lipids in the blood
Thyroid hormones Agents used for thyroid replacement therapy
Antidiabetics Agents used to decrease blood sugar or to improve the body┬┤s use of insulin
Corticosteroids Any adrenal cortex steroid used to alleviate or decrease inflammmation
Created by: MissT615