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17-18 Chapter 5

17-18 Chapter 5 The Spirit of Independence

prohibited to prevent or forbid
revenue incoming money from taxes or other sources
writs of assistance court document allowing customs officers to enter any location to search for smuggled goods
violated to disregard or go against
Stamp Act a law that taxed almost all printed materials
resolution an official expression of opinion by a group
effigy a mocking figure representing an unpopular individual
Sugar Act a law that lowered the tax on molasses, but allowed officers to seize goods from accused smugglers without going to court
boycott refuse to buy
repeal to cancel an act or law
Townshend Acts taxes on imported goods, paid when the goods arrived in the colonies
rebellion open defiance of authority
occupy to move into and take control of a place, especially by force
encounter a sudden, often violent class
Boston Massacre a violent encounter between colonists and British soldiers which left 5 dead colonists
propaganda ideas or information intentionally spread to harm or help a cause
committee of correspondence an organization that spread political ideas and information through the colonies
Samuel Adams Boston patriot who revived committee of correspondence and called for independence from Britain
Boston Tea Party Boston Sons of Liberty dressed as Native Americans and dump 342 chests of tea overboard to protest the Tea Act and British oppression of the colonies
Coercive Acts laws passed by Parliament to punish Boston after the Boston Tea Party and tighten their control of the colonies
Intolerable Acts The name given to the Coercive Acts by the colonists because they believed the acts were painful and unbearable
Continental Congress A political meeting in Philadelphia of 55 delegates to represent American colonists and challenge British control.
Patrick Henry His famous quote said, "I am not a Virginian, but an American."
minutemen milita that boasted they would be read to fight at a minute's notice
approach to draw near to something
Lexington as the British marched toward Concord, they met 70 minutemen here, where the "shot heard 'round the world" begins open hostilities
Concord where colonial leaders where storing weapons and ammunition
Bunker Hill first major battle of Revolutionary War was important because even though the British won the battle, they took heavy casualties and realised the war would not be quick and easy
Loyalists American colonist who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for Independence
Patriot American colonist who favored American independence
George Washington The 2nd Continental Congress chose him to command the Continental Army.
Thomas Jefferson Main author of the Declaration of Independence
petition a formal request
discipline the ability to follow strict rules and procedures
debate a discussion of opposing points of view
Thomas Paine Wrote Common Sense, a pamphlet that listed powerful reasons why Americans would be better off free of Great Britain
preamble the introduction to a formal document
status rank or place as compared to others
Crispus Attucks A part African and Native American dockworker who was the first colonist killed at the Boston Massacre
King George III King of England of gave the Proclamation of 1763 and later told Parliament that the New England colonies were "in a state of rebellion"
The "shot heard 'round the world" The shot fired by an unknown soldier that started the American Revolution
Benedict Arnold A captain in the Connecticut militia and friend of General Washington who helped take the British by surprise and take Fort Ticonderoga. Later he became a traitor and sold military information to the British
Bunker Hill A British victory, but they learned that defeating the colonists would not be easy or quick
Benjamin Franklin One of the most respected men in the colonies, he represented the colonies in London and helped win repeal of the Stamp Act
Second Continental Congress Voted for independence from Britain and appointed Thomas Jefferson to write the Declaration of Independence
Declaration of Independence A four part document that told Britain and the rest of the world that the colonies were now an independent country
Created by: dacoburn