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Roske Health First Aid/CPR

A failure of the cardiovascular system to supply the body's organs with blood Shock
A break in a bone Fracture
A sequence of actions that will maximize a person's chance of survival Chain of Survival
Any substance that causes illness or injury Poison
Immediate and temporary care given to an injured person until advanced medical help arrives First Aid
Actions taken to prevent the spread of disease Universal Precautions
A 24 hour hotline that provides medical assistance in emergencies dealing with poisoning Poison Control Center
A jarring injury to the head Concussion
A device that will deliver an electric shock to the heart to restore it's normal rhythm defibrillator
A life saving procedure that combines rescue breaths with chest compressions CPR
A condition in which the victim is not aware unconsciousness
What are the 3 C's? Check - The scene/victim Call - 911 Care - for victim until help arrives
What are ways that a person can take universal precautions in a first aid situation? gloves, breathing devices, do not touch nose/mouth, avoid bodily fluids, wash hands
What are the 4 types of open wounds? Laceration - deep cut Abrasion - scrape Avulsion - severed/torn body part Puncture - deep/small hole
3 kids of burns: 1st degree - 1st layer of skin, turns red 2nd degree - several layers, blisters 2rd degree - WORST kind, serious deep burn, all layers of skin
What are the 4 important links in the chain of survival? EARLY 911, EARLY CPR, EARLY AED, EARLY advanced medical care
What does CPR stand for? Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (a lifesaving procedure that combines chest compressions/breaths - to restart heart
ABCs for checking unconscious victim: Airway - check airway Breathing - are they breathing? Circulation - is there a pulse?
What does AED stand for? Automatic External Defibrillator - device that delivers a shock to restart the heart
R.I.C.E Rest Ice Compression Elevation (Strains and Sprains)
Why do we use the recovery position? If the victim vomits, they will not choke
What are 3 modifications a first-aid responder needs to be concerned about when performing CPR skills for in INFANT? Deepness of chest compressions (1/2-1 inch deep) Amount of air for breaths (not as much air) Only use 2 fingers for compressions cover both mouth and nose when doing rescue breaths
A cut caused by a razor blade would be called a laceration
The first link in the chain of survival is: Call 911
What is the 1st step when dealing with someone who is coughing forcefully? Encourage them to keep coughing
Shock is: When the cardiovascular system limits it's function supplying blood
3 main arteries are: Brachial Femoral Carotid
Most common type of wound: Abrasion
When dealing with an avulsion, put the severed body part... ...on ice
How many compressions to breaths are done when performing cpr? 30:2
Reasons to STOP cpr? scene becomes unsafe victim becomes conscious AED arrives paramedics arrive too tired to continue
CPR Call 911 Check scene/victim Check ABC's 30 chest compressions 2 rescue breaths repeat
Heimlich Maneuver Call 911 Arms around belly, above navel 5 abdominal thrusts 5 back blows between shoulder blades
How to treat a laceration: direct pressure apply bandage roller bandage elevate above heart
How to treat an abrasion: clean with soap apply ointment cover with sterile gauze pad
Created by: maplelakesped