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Anatomy

Anatomy exam II Posterior abdominal wall and GU system

QuestionAnswer
What are the muscles of the posterior wall? (4) 1. quadratus lumborum 2. psoas major 3. psoas minor 4. iliacus (iliopsoas)
What are all the muscles of the posterior wall innervated by? the lumbar plexus
What are the 3 apertures of the diaphragm? 1. caval hiatus 2. esophageal hiatus 3. aortic hiatus
The caval hiatus comes from ____ T8
The esophageal hiatus comes from ____ T10
The aortic hiatus comes from ___ T12
The median arcuate ligament of the diaphragm contains the ___ and ___ right crus and left crus
The medical arcuate ligament of the diaphragm contains the ___ psoas major
The lateral arcuate ligament of the contains the ____ quadratus lumborum
The abdominal aorta has ____ and ___ branches somatic and visceral
The inferior phrenic arteries give rise to ____ _____ arteries superior suprarenal
What are the 4 somatic branches of the abdominal aorta? 1. inferior phrenic arteries 2. lumbar arteries 3. median sacral artery 4. common iliac arteries
What are the 3 single visceral branches of the abdominal aorta? 1. celiac trunk 2. superior mesenteric artery 3. inferior mesenteric artery
What are the 3 paired viseral branches of teh abdominal aorta? 1. middle suprarenal arteries 2. renal arteries 3. gonadal arteries
The ____ is formed by the fusion of the right and left common iliac veins inferior vena cava
The inferior vena cava drains into 6 different veins. What are they? 1. lumbar vv 2. r gonadal v 3. renal v 4. r suparenal v 5. inferior phrenic v 6. hepatic vv
The inferior vena cava is connected with the ____ system of veins in the thorax azygos
The IVC is located _____ retroperitoneally
The IVC ascends to the ___ and ____ of the aorta right and posterior
The IVC traverses on posterior edge of teh ____ toward a more anterioe position liver
The IVC passes through diaphragm at ____ level T8
The portosystemic anastamoses is also known as _____ portocaval anastamoses
The portosystemic anastamoses is a method of ____ venous circulation collateral
Portosystemic anastamoses is important in _____ hypertension portal
What are the 3 areas where there is overlap between the 2 systems? 1. gastroesophageal 2. anal 3. periumbilical
All the blood in our body passes through each kidney ____ times every day 400
Adults pass about ____ of urine each day depending on the fluids and food consumed 1½ quarts
Normal urine is ____. It contains fluids, salts, and waste products. It is free of bacteria, viruses, and fungi sterile
Kidneys are embedded within an accumulation of peritoneal fat called ____ perinephic (perirenal) fat
The perinephretic fat is encased by a condensation of extraperitoneal fascia called the ____ renal fascia
The renal fascia is encased in the ____ paranephric fat
Kidneys are “____” shape with a medially-directed hilum Bean
_____ is where the other structures such as the renal vessels and ureter are located Hilum
The ___ kidney is slightly lower than the ____ kidney due to the liver right; left
When the right and left kidneys are fused together is called ____ horseshoe kindney
With a horseshoe kidney, it can lead to ____ obstruction or infection from ____ unrine and stones ureter; unvoided
The ____ are a continuation of the renal pelvis ureters
The ureters have restrictions at ___, ___ and ____ uteropelvic junction; pelvic inlet; entrance to bladder
What is the blood supply for the kidneys? R and L renal arteries
What are the 4 commonents of ureter blood supply? 1. renal arteries 2. gonadal arteries 3. common iliac arteries 4. vesicular arteries
Suprarenal glands have a ___ and a ___ cortex and a medulla
Suprarenal glands are also called _____ adrenal glands
The adrenal glands major role is _____ regulating the stress response
Adrenal medulla is special because it receives direct _____ preganglionic sympathetic fibers
What is the blood supply to suprarenal glands? (3) 1.superior suprarenal arteries 2. middle suprarenal artery 3. inferior suprarenal arteries
The ____ is the smooth region of the bladder between the two openings of the ureters (superiorly) and the internal urethral orifice (inferiorly) trigone
Around the internal urethral orifice of teh bladder (in males only) is the ____ (smooth muscle) internal urethral sphincter
The wall of the bladder is a smooth muscle called the ____ detrusor muscle
The wall of the bladder is corrugated for the ___ ability stretch
The urethra in females is ___ and empties into ____ short; vestibule
The urethra in males is ____ and has 4 parts ____, ____, ____, ____ long; preprostatic part; prostatic part; membranous oart; spongy part
Peristaltic transport of urine to urinary bladder through ____ ureters
Ureters enter bladder through the ____ ureteric orfices
Bladder fills and expands ___ superiorly
During retention of urine the ____ is relaxed, in the ____ sphincter is contracted and there is an ____ contraction of the external sphincter ddetrusor, internal; active
Distension of the bladder by filling requires pressure on the ureters to ____ filling decreases
For eliminiation, there is relaxation of the ____ sphincter, contraction of the ____ muscle and relaxation of the ______ is voluntary internal; detrusor; external sphincter
There is a _____ reflex where stretch receptors activated can stimulate preganglionic parasympathetics in sacral spinal cord and partially inhibit _____ nervous system activities spinal; sympathetic and somatic
Intact nervous system essential for _____ to function properly micturition
____ uses a machine to filter blood since kidnes cannot dialysis
Dialysis treatment lasts on average of ____hours 3
Anterior lower limb is innervated by _____ divisions posterior
Posterior lower limb is innervated by ____ divisions anterior
Iliohypogastric nerve & Ilioinguinal nerve formed from ___ nerve root and innervate ____ abdominal wall L1; anterior
Created by: luckynikki