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Geo - exam term 4

QuestionAnswer
What does MDG stand for? Millennium Development Goals
What does SDG stand for? Sustainable Development Goals
How many MDGs are there? There were 8 millennium development goals.
The power of sport is that it enables mine victims to move forward with their life. What was the first Cambodian team established a decade ago? volleyball
Australia is contributing $75 million to Cambodia over the next 5 years for: Removal of unexploded ordnances, mine education
When were the SDGs created? 25 September 2015
Who is primarily responsible for implementing the SDGs? United Nations (UN)
SDG 1 is about poverty. What is the aim of this goal? end poverty in all its forms everywhere
Why were the SDGs created? to reach and further the Millennium Development Goals
The SDGs are set to be achieved by: 2030
Which was a NEW goal introduced to the SDGs? Climate action
If the United Nations MDGs are achieved, how many lives could be saved? tens of millions
Which ONE of the following is NOT listed as an SDG? a. provision of internet services for all Correct b. promotion of decent jobs for all c. availability of water and sanitation for all d. access to sustainable energy for all provision of internet services for all
How many SDGs are there? 17
Approximately how many people are still living in extreme poverty (less than $1.25 a day) around the world? 800 million
Inadequate physical infrastructure hampers growth. How does infrastructure reduce the socioeconomic impact of landmines? Enables trade and travel
What is the main advantage for Australian youth becoming involved in the Australian Youth Ambassadors Program for Development. They have the opportunity to contribute to development while at the same time learning about other cultures
Land mines and UXOs (unexploded ordinances) violate nearly all of the articles of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) which include: A child's right to life, to a safe environment in which to play, to health, clean water, sanitary conditions and an adequate education.
"The ground exploded around me. For a long time, I hoped my leg would grow back" Chan, aged 15. Forty precent of those undergoing rehabilitation are children. How regularly do their prostheses need to be replaced due to physical growth? Every 4 months
What is the connection between war, land mines and poverty? War turns fields into battlefields - areas mined cannot be used for farming - food production suffers
Some landmines look more like toys than weapons; an innocent bit of plastic and metal that fits in your hand. How many Cambodians continue to become casualties each day of mines and unexploded ordnances (UXOs) compared to a decade ago? 2 compared to 12 a decade ago
What is the main reason that landmines and other explosive remnants of war are serious obstacles to sustainable development in many of the world's poorest countries? They are found anywhere and deprive people of basic needs such as access to water, health facilities, use of fertile land and communication
What countries form Cambodia's borders? Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Gulf of Thailand
One issue NOT faced by street kids is: Parental control
Where most of Australia's refugees come from now: Iraq and Burma
List the four factors which accurately detail this part of the Cycle of Poverty (shown in yellow): ie: the factors underneath schooling Low achievement, poor health, absenteeism, behavioural problems
One of the problems NOT faced by boat people: government support
During which decade did Australia receive many refugees from Vietnam? 1970s
What is essential for the poverty cycle to be broken? External intervention
How is an Outreach programme different from a Drop-In Centre? Outreach programmes go into the environment of the homeless whereas Drop-in centres require the homeless to come to them
These are people who are moved by deception or coercion for the purposes of exploitation: Trafficked People
Someone who has been forced to flee his or her home for the same reason as a refugee, but remains in his or her own country and has not crossed an international border Internally Displaced Person
The process of returning to one's home country. The majority of refugees prefer to return home as soon as it is safe to do so, after a conflict and the country is being rebuilt: Repatriation
People who are compelled to move as a result of policies and projects including large-scale infrastructure projects such as dams, roads, ports, airports; urban clearance initiatives; mining and deforestation; introduction of conservation parks etc. Development-induced Displacement
A general term that refers to the movements of refugees and internally displaced people (those displaced by conflicts) as well as people displaced by natural or environmental disasters, chemical or nuclear disasters, famine, or development projects: Forced Migration
Someone who has been forced to flee his or her country because of a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership in a particular social group: Refugee
Something handed down from an ancestor or predecessor: Legacy
The right to be recognised as a refugee and receive legal protection and material assistance. This type of person must demonstrate that his or her fear of persecution in his or her home country is well-founded: Asylum
People who are forced to flee their homes for one or more of the following reasons or where state authorities unable/unwilling to protect them:armed conflict;civil war, generalised violence; persecution on the grounds of nationality, race, religion etc. Conflict-induced Displacement
Refugees who are recognised as needing human rights protection on a group basis, rather than recognised on an individual basis (for example, a mass movement of refugees across a border during a widespread conflict): "Prima Facie" Refugee
What are the six stages of the poverty cycle eg. birth... Birth, Early Childhood, Schooling, Early Schooling Drop-out, Employment, Disadvantaged Lifestyle.
What are the key points below birth (the poverty cycle)? Low birth weight, poor housing, overcrowding, poor maternal health.
What are the key points below early childhood (the poverty cycle)? poor health, poor parental models, inadequate stimulation, poor language development.
What are the key points below schooling (the poverty cycle)? low achievement, poor health, absenteeism, behavioural problems.
What are the key points below early school drop-out (the poverty cycle)? poor qualifications, few skills, poor attitudes, no access to further education.
What are the key points below employment (the poverty cycle)? unskilled labour, unemployment, low income, high mobility.
What are the key points below disadvantaged lifestyle (the poverty cycle)? poor housing, poverty, imprisonment, poor health.
what is ordnance? mounted guns; artillery
What is infrastructure? the basic physical and organisational structures and facilities
What is UNHCR? United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees is a program to support refugees
What is a migrant? a person who moves from one place to another in order to find work or better living conditions
What is an immigrant? a person who comes to live permanently in a foreign country
What is a Stateless Person? a person who is not considered as a national by any state under the operation of its law
What is an asylum? protection granted by a state to someone who has left their home country as a political refugee
What are smuggled people? the facilitation, transportation, attempted transportation or illegal entry of a person or persons across an international border
What is resettlement? the settlement of people in a different place
Created by: Caitlyn_01