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Chapter 12

Medical terminology

encephalic Pertaining to the brain
Encephalomalacia Abnormal softening of the brain
Cerebellitis Inflammation of the cerebellum
Cerebrospinal Pertaining to the brain and the spinal cord
Cerebral Pertaining to the cerebrum
Cerebellar Pertaining to the cerebellum
Cerebromalacia Abnormal softening of the cerebrum
Encephaloma Tumor of the brain
Encephalitis Inflammation of the brain
Poliomyelitis Viral inflammation of the gray matter of the spinal cord
Meninges Membrane that surrounds the brain and the spinal cord
Myelopathy Any disease of the spinal cord
Meningopathy Any disease of the meninges
Myelogram Roentgenogram (x-ray) of the spinal cord
Meningeal Pertaining to the meninges
Meningomyelitis Inflammation of the meninges and the spinal cord
Myelitis Inflammation of the spinal cord
Meningioma Tumor of the meninges
Myeloneuritis Inflammation of the spinal cord and peripheral nerves
Meningitis Inflammation of the meninges
Meningorrhagia Excessive bleeding from the meninges
Meningocele herniation of the meninges
Myelin Sheath surrounding some nerve cell; electrical insulator
Intercostal Nerves Pertaining to the nerves between the ribs
Plexus A network
Neural Pertaining to the nerves
Neuritis Inflammation of the nerves
Neuroplexus Network of nerves
Neuralgia Nerve pain
Neuropathy Any disease of the nervous system
Cervical Plexus Network of the nerves in the neck
Neuroglia Nerve glue
Neuroplasty Plastic surgery of the nerves
Lumbosacral Plexus Network of nerves in the loin region
Neurology The study of the science of the nervous system
Brachial Plexus Network of nerves in the shoulders between the neck and the armpits
Aphasic Pertaining to the loss of speech capabilities
Hemiplegic Pertaining to someone with paralysis on the one side of the body
Epileptic Pertaining to someone with epilepsy
Hemiplegia Paralysis on one side of the body
Aphasiology The study of the the science of speech
Narcoleptic Pertaining to someone with narcolepsy
Paraplegia Paralysis of the legs and lower part of the body
Quadriplegia Paralysis in all four limbs
Narcolepsy Recurrent, uncontrollable, brief episodes of sleep
Aphasia Loss of speech capabilities
Epilepsy Paroxysmal transient disturbances of brain function with episodic impairment or loss off consciousness
Anesthetics Agents that reduce or eliminate the perception of sensation
Tranquilizers (major) Agents that have a calm, soothing effect; antipsychotic agents
Antianxiety drugs Agents that reduce or eliminate anxiety
Analgesics Agents that relieve pain
Anticonvulsants Agents that prevent or relieve convulsions
Tranquilizers (minor) Agents that have a calm, soothing effect; antianxiety drugs
Antidepressants Agents that prevent or relieve depression
Sedatives (hypnotics) Agents that allay activity and excitement; used for the short-term treatment of insomnia
Antipsychotics Agents that are effective in the treatment of psychoses
Created by: MissT615