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US History Stack 3

Mid Term Review

QuestionAnswer
To reduce conflicts, Spanish policy toward the Pueblo Indians in the eighteenth century involved all of the following: intensified efforts at assimilating the Pueblos, a willingness to permit the Pueblos to own their own land, toleration of tribal religious rituals, a stop to the commandeering of Indian labor.
In his first voyage in 1492, Christopher Columbus mistook Cuba for China.
Hernando Cortés’s conquest of the Aztecs in 1518 was made possible largely due to the exposure of the Aztecs to smallpox.
French colonization in the New World was characterized by: French settlers exercised an influence disproportionate to their numbers, were more likely than the English to press inland, French colonial economy was based on an extensive fur trade, often lived among the natives and married Indian women.
Amerigo Vespucci helped spread recognition of the idea that the Americas were new continents.
The English Reformation resulted from a political dispute between King Henry VIII and the Catholic Church.
King Charles I’s treatment of Puritans could be characterized as extremely hostile.
In the 1640s, during the English Civil War, the Cavaliers were supporters of King Charles I.
The proprietors who founded the Carolina colony guaranteed religious freedom to all Christians.
Georgia was founded to create a military barrier against the Spanish.
In the seventeenth century, English Quakers granted women a position within the church generally equal to that of men, had no paid clergy, were pacifists, believed all could attain salvation.
The Puritan founders in Massachusetts who described their colony as a “city upon a hill” felt they were creating a holy community that would be a model for the world.
All of the following Americans made important contributions to Enlightenment thought EXCEPT John Locke.
In the seventeenth century, white women in the colonial Chesapeake averaged one pregnancy for every two years of marriage.
Which statement regarding the lives of slaves in colonial North America is true? Slave religion was a blend of Christianity and African folk tradition.
By 1700, English colonial landowners began to rely more heavily on African slavery in part because of a declining birthrate in England.
After the Bible, the first widely circulated publications in colonial America were almanacs.
The seventeenth-century medical practice of deliberately bleeding a person was based on the belief that a person needed to maintain a balance of different bodily fluids.
British official Thomas Hutchinson had his home ransacked by anti-Stamp Act demonstrators.
During the third phase of the French and Indian War, British leader William Pitt gradually loosened his tight control over the colonists.
The Tea Act of 1773 followed a few years of relative calm between England and the American colonies, lowered the price of tea for American colonists, was intended to benefit a private British company, provided no new tax on tea.
The Stamp Act of 1765 helped to unite the colonies in opposition to the English government.
The Proclamation of 1763 was supported by many Indian tribal groups.
Taverns were important in the growth of revolutionary sentiment because they become central meeting places to discuss ideas about resistance.
Who was Benedict Arnold? An American military hero early in the war. Grew convinced the American cause was hopeless. Conspired with the British to betray a Patriot stronghold at West Point, New York. Foiled the advance of Barry St. Leger into the Mohawk Valley.
The 1795 Treaty of Greenville led the United States to affirm that Indian lands could be ceded only by the tribes themselves.
Under the Articles of Confederation in 1777 there was a federal Congress.
One effect of Shays’s Rebellion was that it contributed to the growing belief the national government needed reform.
During the American Revolution, female “camp followers” assisted in the support of regular troops.
In the final phase (1778–1781) of the American Revolution, the British badly overestimated the support of American Loyalists.
The Alien and Sedition Acts (1798) gave the federal government effective authority to stifle any public criticism.
In 1786, Alexander Hamilton found an important ally in his push for a stronger central government, in James Madison.
Who described the election of 1800 as the “Revolution of 1800”? Thomas Jefferson
In America, the French Revolution was generally praised by Republicans.
Virginia and New York ratified the new Constitution under the assumption that a bill of rights would be added later, in the form of amendments.
Delegates to the Constitutional Convention of 1787 recommended the document be ratified by special state ratifying conventions.
The presidential campaign in 1800 was notable for the sensational personal slandering of both candidates.
The delegates to the Constitutional Convention of 1787 were well educated by the standards of their time.
In his first term, President Thomas Jefferson helped establish a military academy at West Point.
In 1810, the Non-Intercourse Act expired and was replaced by Macon’s Bill No. 2.
President Thomas Jefferson’s Indian policy included an offer to Indians to become settled farmers and join white society, and an insistence that they give up claims to tribal lands in the Northwest.
The Rush-Bagot agreement of 1817 called for the mutual disarmament of the Great Lakes by Britain and the United States.
The duel between Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton was the result of Burr’s belief that Hamilton’s malevolence had cost him the New York governor’s race.
The writer Judith Sargent Murray argued that women should have the same educational opportunities as men, were equal to men in intellect and potential, should have a role in society apart from their husbands, should have opportunities to earn their own livings.
The Missouri Compromise of 1819 maintained the nation’s equal number of slave and free states.
After Mexico won its independence from Spain in 1821, it quickly opened its northern territories to trade with the United States.
In Cohens v. Virginia (1821), Chief Justice John Marshall affirmed the constitutionality of Supreme Court review of state court decisions
In the early nineteenth century, the westward movement of white Americans was encouraged by the exhaustion of agricultural lands in the East, the spread of the plantation system in the South, the federal government’s policy toward Indian tribes in the West, the expansion of a slave labor in the South.
On his last day in office, President James Madison influenced “internal improvements” by vetoing a bill that would have used federal funds to construct roads and canals.
The “era of good feelings” following the War of 1812 reflected rising nationalism and optimism in the United States.
Created by: Absidey