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Cells; structuringo

in a book

rephosphorylation the subsequent addition of the phosphate radical to the ADP
ADP atp is reduced to adp (adenosine diphosphate) when atp released energy
ATP (adenosine triphosphate) carbohydrates constitute small amount of the cytoplasm used mainly for formation atp for energy
parenchymal cells cells that have a major function of carrying out the activities of the organ
hydrophilic the polar region and is mixed with water
hydrophobic is nonpolar region and repels water
peripheral proteins proteins that bound to the inner or outer membrane surface
structural protein protein partially or completely embedded in the lipid bilayer
glycoproteins proteins on the outer membrane surface, for example, may have carbohydrates attached
glycolipids carbohydrates may also attached to the polar region of the phospholipid molecules
fluid mosaic model both protein and lipids can move one area of the membrane to another because the membrane is fluid and resembles a patch work ect.
oxidative phosphorylation the process for mitochondria to form atp required carbohydrate, protein and fat
acetyl coenzime its major source is glucose, but fats and proteins can also be metabolized to intermediates that can be fed into the krebs' cycle
tinamide adenine dinucleotide(NAD) NAD picks up hydrogen and passes it to another acceptor to pick up more hydrogen
oxigen dept the glycolytic process occurs during periods of intense muscular exertion in which oxygen consumption exceeds oxygen supply
recovery oxygen consumption deep breathing help balance atp but it takes time; the recovery time maybe very short or up to several hours
cisternae in human cell set of tubular or sac like channel called cisternae
ribosome give the outer membrane of the ER a rough granular appearance
autophagy lysosomes also digest "wornout" or damaged parts of the cell there by participating in recycling of cellular constituents
autolysis when a cell dies, the lysosomes it contains rupture, releasing enzymes that cause the cell to self destruct
tubulin the wall of microtubules which are composed of filaments of globular proteins
nuclear envelope the nucleus is separated from the cytoplasm by a membranous structure nuclear envelope
transcription occurs in the nucleus, the dna molecule partially unwinds into two separate strands one of the strands acts as template on which mRNA is synthesized, while the other strand is a noncoding
mitosis most cell have the ability to reproduce themselves through the complex process mitosis
interphase all of the stages between mitotic divisions are call interphase
gametes the sex cells
permanent cell live the entire life of the organism ( nerve ell, muscle cell)
zygote contains a set of chromosomes from each parent, or total of 23 pairs
isotonic fluid that contain osmotically active particles in the same concentration as that found in the plasma of blood are said to be isotonic
osmosis is the net diffusion of water through a selective permeable membrane that separates two aqueous solution with different solute concentration
hypertonic fluid fluid that contain a higher concentration of osmotically active partical than blood plasma hypertonic fluid
carrier system are composed of proteins that have receptors for specific solute
pinocytosis involves movement of water or material in the ecf that adheres to the outer cell membrane and stimulates invagination of the membrane.
Created by: Farcaster