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World War I -caitlyn

World War I

Which empire was the most powerful? Britain.
What is the Russian term for King? Tsar.
Who was the Ruler of Austria-Hungary? Franz Joseph II.
Who was the ruling monarch of Italy? King Victor Emmanual III
Who was the leader of France? (President) Raymond Poincare.
The leader of Germany was….? Kaiser Wilhelm II.
Who was the leader of the Ottoman Empire? (Sultan) Mehmed V.
The leader of Russia was….? (Tsar) Nicholas II.
True or False, France was ruled by a parliament. True.
Was the Ottoman Empire ruled by a constitutional monarchy? No, it was an absolute monarchy.
What is nationalism? Nationalism is pride in one’s country.
Nationalism can also refer to a person’s/group’s right to….? Self-determinate.
Definition: characterised by extreme patriotism, especially in the form of aggressive or war-like foreign policy…. Jingoistic.
Where was Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand assassinated? Sarajevo, Bosnia.
The (two) Moroccan Crisis occurred in which years? 1905 and 1911.
German ‘gun boat’ diplomacy at the start of World War? Weltpolitik.
In which years were the two Balkan wars? 1912, 1913.
Which countries were a part of the Balkans? Bulgaria, Greece, Serbia, Albania and Montenegro.
On which date was Franz Ferdinand assassinated? 28th June 1914
Who assassinated Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand? Gavrillo Princip.
Of what nationality was Princip? Serbian.
On which date did Serbia receive Austria-Hungary’s ultimatum? 23rd July 1914.
What was the name of new class of British Battle Ships? Dreadnought.
What is imperialism? spreading, making colonies around the world.
What is another term for imperialism? Colonisation.
What is militarism? The mass and power of a countries’ army. The amount of power the military within a country.
What year was the Treaty of London signed? 1839.
What did the Treaty of London entail? The Treaty of London recognised the existence of Belgium as an independent and neutral state. The treaty was still in place in 1914, so when German troops marched through Belgium, Britain saw it as a violation.
What was the Three Emperor’s League and when was it signed? It was signed in 1873, the league was a three way alliance between the three monarchs of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Russia. It collapsed in 1878 when Russia left.
Which year did the annexation of Bosnia occur? 1908.
Who was Bosnia annexed by? Austria-Hungary.
Which countries were ruled by parliaments? France and Italy.
Which country had the largest variety of ethnic groups? Austria-Hungary.
In which year did the arms race start, who was it between and what were they competing in? 1906, between Britain and Germany, they were competing in battle ships.
At the end of the arms race, what were the results? Britain had built 29 battleships and Germany had built 17 battleships.
What was the Dual Alliance? It was an alliance formed between Austria-Hungary and Germany in 1879 after Russia dropped out of the league.
What was the triple alliance? An alliance formed in 1882 between Austria-Hungary, Germany and Italy.
By what sentiments was this alliance driven? It was driven by anti-French and anti-Russian sentiments.
What was Italy considered as in this alliance? Italy was considered as the weakest third of the alliance because she was the youngest and less developed.
Of which Serbian nationalist group did Gavrillo Princip belong to? The Black Hand.
What was the Franco-Russian alliance? When was it formed? When was it formed? The Franco-Russian alliance was formed in 1894 between France and Russia. It served as a way for Russia to create a better economy and for France to access the Russia’s resources ie. Mining, industry and raw materials.
The Entente Cordiale? Formed in 1904 between France and Britain. Meaning ‘friendly agreement’ it resolved colonial disagreements and other minor issues. The agreement was a way to cease arguing over territory and was seen as the first step to an Anglo-French military alliance
The Anglo-Russian Entente? Formed in 1907, the agreement restored good relations between Russia and Britain. create an agreement of colonies and trade routes/travel routes.
The Triple Entente? Formed in 1907 between France, Britain and Russia. The official agreement between the three countries, it also marked the end of Britain’s neutrality and isolation.
Extending a country’s power or influence through colonisation, use of military force or other means. Imperialism.
The competition between two or more parties/groups to have the best armed forces. An Arms race.
Leader of Britain at the start of World War? George V.
The name given to a formal political, military or economic agreement between to more nations. Alliance.
Rank of Franz Ferdinand? Arch Duke.
The term given to the leader of the Ottoman Empire? Sultan.
A person’s right to independence? Self-determination.
This term is often uses in association to being a staunch nationalist. A patriot.
The word often used to describe an extreme form of patriotism. Jingoistic.
This empire was considered by many to have the strongest naval power. Britain.
Which country was considered to have the strongest military power? Germany.
Often referred to as the 'sick man' of Europe. The Ottoman Empire.
What was the general reaction to news of the war? Happy, rejoice. They were going to represent their countries, they were going to win.
Created by: Caitlyn_01