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Narrative Elements

Vocab. for Fiction

Inciting Incident The first sign of problems in a story
Exposition Introduction of characters and setting; includes inciting incident
Rising Action The conflict in the story intensifies
Climax The most intense part of the story, the O.M.G. moment
Falling Action The conflict is coming to a end and a solution is possible.
Resolution The conflict is ended and loose ends are ties up.
Character the actors in a story (people, animals)
Setting time and place of a story
Conflict the problem in a story
Antagonist this character forces the conflict on another character
Protagonist this character has the conflict forced on him/her
Plot the sequential events in a story
Theme the lesson or idea the author wants to reader to understand or learn
Moral fables - the lesson to be learned
Characterization the way the author develops the personality of the characters in a story
Direct characterization the author directly tells the reader the traits of the character(s)
Indirect characterization the author gives clues (thoughts, emotions, actions) so the reader can infer the traits of the character(s)
Dynamic character the character goes through a major change (internally) during the story
Static character this character does not change or changes very little during the story
Dialogue conversation (talking) between characters
Internal conflict usually a character choosing between right and wrong, the conflict in inside the character and can not be seen
External conflict a character is having a problem with a outside force (another character, animals, weather, law or belief)
Man vs. man a character in conflict with another character
Man vs. self a character in conflict with himself/herself; usually a choice between right and wrong
Man vs. society a character in conflict with a law or belief
Man vs. nature a character in conflict with an element of nature (animals, wind, rain)
1st person point of view (narrative perspective) a character in the story is telling the story (pronouns: I, me, we, us)
2nd person point of view (narrative perspective) the author is telling you what to do; giving directions (recipes, assembly) (pronoun: you)
3rd person point of view (narrative perspective) the person telling the story is NOT in the story (pronouns: he, she, they, them, it)
Tone the authors attitude about the text and the readers, includes setting, word choice, and other details
Mood the feeling the reader gets from the text
Style how the author describes events, object, ideas in the story
Created by: jfrost27