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What is the diffusion of water called Osmosis
Exact replica of the single parent Asexual Reproduction
Genetic variation- two parents Sexual Reproduction
One dominant and one recessive allele Heterozygous
Movement of molecules from low to high concentrations uses ENERGY Active Transport
Movement of molecules from high to low concentrations NO energy needed Passive Transport
Products of Photosynthesis Glucose and Oxygen
Products of Cellular Respiration Carbon Dioxide, Water and ATP
Function of Carbohydrate Provides Energy
Function of Fat Stores Energy until needed
The trait that always shows itself Dominanat
Two of the same alleles Homozygous
A group of cells make a Tissue
Cell wall is found only in a Plant cell
Structure where proteins are made Ribosomes
Structure that provides energy for the cell Mitochondria
Jelly like substance inside the cell Cytoplasm
Makes chlorophyll Chloroplast
"Roadways" of the cell Endoplasmic Reticulum
Packages and ships outof the cell Golgi body
Process that uses food to make energy Cellular Respiration
Process that a plant uses to make food Photosynthesis
Placing organisms into groups Classification
Charles Darwin is known as the father of Evolution
When a species can not adapt Extinction
Second part of the scientific name species
Remains of a once living organism Fossil
Remnant of a once useful structure Vestigial structure
The peppered moth story is an example of Natural selection
The structure that allows water and gases to pass thru Stomata
The structures that open and close the stomata Guard cells
The structure that becomnes a fruit Ovary
The structure that becomes the seed Ovule
Female reproductive structure of a flower Pistil
Male reproductive structure of a flower Stamen
Structure that makes the pollen Anther
Sticky top of pistil Stigma
Neck of pistil Style
Waxy top layer of leaf Cuticle
Water flows up this tissue to the plant Xylem
Sugar flows down this tissue Phloem
Rigid stem found in bushes or tree's Woody stem
Flexible stem Herbaceous stem
A dandelion would be an example of a Tap root
A root with many branches would be a Fibrous root
The slimy end of a root is a Root cap
The thin threads that seek out water from a root are Root hairs
Information that is seen, heard, felt, touched, or tasted Observation
A possible explanation for something that you observe Inference
Six steps used to solve a problem Scientific Method
Basic unit used for mass Gram
Tool used to measure volume Graduated Cylinder
Tool used to measure mass Triple Beam Balance
Tool used to measure temperature Thermometer
Unit used in science for temperature Celcius
Factors that are the same in both experiment and control groups Constant Factors
The group that nothing is done to Control Group
What is the factor that you change in an experiment Independent Variable
What is the result that you are measuring in an experiment Dependent Variable
What nutrient helps with cell repair Protein
What is the molecule that the body uses for energy ATP
Development of an insect into an adult Metamorphosis
System that supports the body Skeletal
System that allows movement Muscular
System that maintains homeostasis Integumentary
System that transports materials around the body Cardiovascular
System that allows for an exchnage of gases in the body Respiratory
Ssytem that cleanses the blood Urinary
System that breaks down food Digestive
System that regulates hormones Endocrine
System that gathers and interprets information from the environment and acts on it Nervous
System that produces eggs and sperm Reproductive
Where are red blood cells made Bone Marrow
All bone starts as this Cartilage
Connects muscle to bone Tendon
Connects bone to bone Ligament
Where two bones meet Joint
Muscle tissue found in blood vessels Smoothe muscle
Muscle that you can not control Involuntary
Muscle that you control Voluntary
Muscle that helps you bend Flexor
Muscle that helps you straighten Extensor
Maitaining a stable internal environment Homeostasis
Cardiac muscle found only here Heart
Smallest blood vessel Capillary
Small sacs where oxygen exchange happens Alveoli
Voice box also called Larynx
Muscle that helps air go in and out of lungs Diaphragm
Stores urine Bladder
Connects kidney to bladder Ureter
Leads urine out of the body Urethra
Organ that stores bile Gallbladder
Organ that makes bile Liver
Organ that contains acid and churns food Stomach
Provides added surface area for better absoption of nutrients Villi
Organ where you would find villi Small Intestine
Organ that removes excess water and compacts undigested material Large Intestine
Digestion begins here Mouth
A group of tissues that secrete hormones Glands
Chemicals that are secreted in the Endocrine system Hormones
Gland that asssits with immune fuction Thymus
Glands that produce estrogen Ovaries
Glands that produce testosterone Testes
Gland that is associated with energy Thyroid
Gland that assits the thyroid Parathyroid
Gland that controls skeletal growth Pituitary
Part of neuron that accepts an electrical signal Dendrite
Part of a neuron that sends an electrical signal Axon
Another name for an electrical signal Impulse
Special neuron that sends informatiomn from the environment to your brain Sensory
Special neuron that allows you to move Motor
Organs that release eggs in the female Ovaries
Organ where the fertilized egg attaches and develops Uterus
Passing of traits from one generation to the next Heredity
Used to determine the possibilities of offspring Punnett square
Physical appearance of a genotype Phenotype
The actual genes that represent the phenotype Genotype
Two different alleles Heterozygous
Consumer that eats meat only Carnivore
Consumer that eats plants only Herbivore
Consumer that eats both plants and animals Omnivore
Consumer that eats dead animals Scavenger
Group that breaks down dead organisms Decomposer
Group that makes its own food Producers
Group that eats other things Consumers
Factors in the environment that are alive Biotic
Factors in the environment that are not alive Abiotic
Shows how energy is lost or gained between organisms Energy Pyramid
Shows a realistic view of how energy is transferred from one animal to another Food Web
Shows an unrealistic view of energy transfer between animals Food Chain
Created by: mmccoy