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2d art quiz 1

line, shape, value, format, unity & space,

calligraphic line a flowing and expressive line that is as personal as handwriting. generally varies in thickness and velocity
contour a line that circumscribes the outermost limits of a shape
outline a contour line
composition the arrangement of the individual visual elements that comprise a design
critique an assessment or evaluation of work in which the strengths and weaknesses are analyzed
focal point a specific element or area in a composition that is emphasized
format the defined space where the design elements are placed and arranged
hatching repeated strokes of an art tool producing clustered lines that create values.
cross-hatching similar lines pass over the hatched lines in a different direction, usually resulting in darker values
horizontal a format shape commonly used for the expression of time and conveying continuous movement
implied line a line that is suggested by the positions of shapes or objects within a design. It can also be a line that is suggested by movement or by a gesture rather than being physically drawn or constructed
line of vision the movement of a viewer's eye as it scans a composition. it may be called a line of movement, a directional line or a psychic line
nonrepresentational art a term used to define work encompassing nonrecognizable imagery. this ranges from pure abstraction to nonobjective art
pure abstraction nonrecognizable but derived from a recognizable object
nonobective art not a product of the abstraction process, but derived from the artist's mind
representational art a type of art when the subject is presented through the visual art elements so that the observer is reminded of actual object
two-dimensional design the conscious and thoughtful arrangement of graphic elements on flat surface
thumbnail sketches preliminary, small, quick, unrefined drawings of ideas
vertical a format shape commonly used to express movement up and down and divisions of landscape
physical characteristics of a line size, shape, texture, color, movement, direction and placement within the format
functions of graphic lines delineate and define areas within a composition, define shapes and create images, letters and patterns, assist in visual organization of composition and express a feeling or communicate a message
line character is affected by the medium used to create the line
7 design elements line, shape, texture, value, space, size, color
line a design element. the path of a moving point made by a tool, instrument or medium as it moves across an area. may be implied
shape a design element. an area that stands out from the space next to or around it because of difference in value, color or texture
texture a design element. the actual tactile quality of a surface or the simulation or representation of such surface quality
value a design element. the relative degree of lightness or darkness of a surface. used to create the illusion of space, suggest volume, create emphasis and heighten emotion
space a design element. the area around or between elements in a design. also the illusion of depth created on a flat surface through the use of perspective, overlapping elements, size, level of detail, color and value.
positive space the area a component occupies
negative space the void between design components.
color a design element. produced when light, striking an object, is reflected back to the eye. It has three properties: hue, value, and saturation
three properties of color hue, value, and saturation
principles of design (defined) guiding concepts or ideas that help evaluate the strength of a work
List the principles of design unity, balance, scale/proportion, rhythm, emphasis, movement
unity a principle of design. elements in a design look like they belong together
balance a principle of design. stability or equilibrium created by an even distribution of visual weight on each side of a central axis or among all the elements of a composition
visual weight balance
scale the size of something compared to the word in general
proportion the relationship of sizes between different parts in a work
rhythm a principle of design. a pattern that is created by repeating or varying elements
emphasis arranging the hierarchy of the design and setting an element in order to influence what the viewer sees first
movement a principle of design. using art elements to direct a viewer's eye along a path through the artwork and/or show movement, action and direction
value the relative degree of lightness or darkness of a surface
value can be used to create the illusion of space, suggest voume, create emphasis and heighten emotion
cast shadow the dark area the occurs on a surface as a result of something being placed between that surface and a light source
chiaroscurro "clear and dim" defines a style that blends light and shad gradually to create the illusion of depth and space
decorative value stresses the essential flatness of a surface
highlight portion of an object that, from the observer's position, receives the greatest amount of direct light
high contrast a maximum of contrast between light and dark
high key what an image is said to be when the colors in it are predominantly light in value
low key what an image is said to be when the colors in it are predominantly dark in value
shading the lines or other marks used to fill in outlines of a sketch, engraving, or painting to represent gradations of color or darkness
stippling a method of drawing, engraving, or painting using dots or short strokes
value pattern the arrangement or organization of values that control compositional movement and create a unifying effect throughout a work of art
abstracted shape a simple or complex exaggeration or distortion of an object, used for stylistic distinction and/or communication puroposes
actual shape clearly defined or positive areas
amorphous shape a shape without clarity or definition: formless, indistinct and of uncertain dimensions
curvilinear shape a shape with contour dominated by curves and flowing lines
decorative shape ornamenting. stressing the two dimensional nature. think wall paper
equivocal space deliberately created ambiguity in determining the positive/figure and negative/ground shapes of a design
form a shape that has the illusion of existing in three dimensional space
geometric shape created with straight edges, measurable angles and mechanical in appearance and style
gestalt a theory of visual perception that emphasizes the importance of holistic composition
nonobjective shape a shape that doesn't represent any specific object from the environment, meant to symbolize an idea rather than refer to a thing or object
organic shape shape that seems to have a naturalistic, curvilinear or biomorphic feel and stylistic appearance.
plane having height and width
rectilinear shape a shape whose boundaries usually consist entirely of straight lines
volume the illusion of space within a shape
atmospheric perspective the technique of representing dimensional space by making objects close to the viewer appear crisp and vibrant and making them fuzzy and less intense in color and tone as they recede
foreground the part of a scene that appears nearest to the viewer
isometric perspective rendering 3d objects without reliance on vanishing points or converging lines; scale of objects remains the same regardless of the distance from the foreground and background
linear perspective a system of rendering the appearance of three dimensions on a 2d plane by making parallel lines converge in the distance at a vanishing point on a horizon line
mass refers to density or solidity of firm
multiple perspective more than one view of the subject simultaneously in the same picture
one-point perspective the use of only one vanishing point on the horizon line of a representational picture made in linear perspective
plane an area of a 2d surface having determinate extension and spatial direction or position
perspective the illusion of space on planar surfaces
unity where the elements in a design look as though they belong together and visually hold together in an integrated structure. a principle of design
variety diversity of visual elements
volumetric form a shape containing the illusion of volume and having the illusion of existing in 3d space
Created by: audiologyrox