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EOC Vocab

Gilded Age The period in American history from about 1870 to 1900, during which rapid industrialization, a labor pool swelled by immigration, and minimal governmental regulation allowed the upper classes to accumulate great wealth and enjoy opulent lifestyles.
Railroad Industry Helped internal improvements; needed great amounts of unskilled labor; increase in immigrants was result
Transcontinental Railroad Joined eastern and western halves of the U.S. Vital link for trade, commerce, and travel.
John D. Rockefeller An American oil industry business tycoon and philanthropist; founder of Standard Oil Company; widely considered the wealthiest American of all time.
Thomas Edison Developed phonograph, motion-picture camera, and long-lasting electric light bulb.
Andrew Carnegie Leader of American steel industry; founder of Carnegie Steel Company
Trusts A group of businesses that shared profits and stocks and are associated with abusive business practices.
Monopolies A company is the only one providing goods/services to a market.
Bessemer Process Mass production of steel from iron.
Sitting Bull Leader of Lakota (Sioux) tribes who defeated Custer at the Battle of Little Bighorn.
Wounded Knee Massacre of Lakota Indians by 7th Cavalry Unit of U.S. Army in Wounded Knee South Dakota.
Ellis Island Immigrant processing and entry point for all European immigrants into the U.S.
American Federation of Labor (AFL) First federation of labor unions in the U.S. focusing on using strikes as method for gaining attention.
Samuel Gompers First president of AFL; advocated for the use of strikes to gain rights for workers.
Pullman Strike Train car workers move against management in order to gain better wages and lower rent after layoffs; turned violent after strike breakers (replacements) were brought in.
Plessy v. Ferguson The 1896 Supreme Court Case that created separate but equal, upholding many Jim Crow Laws
Created by: MC1204
Popular U.S. History sets




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