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Art 137 part 3

Art History mid term review part 3

post and lintel system a system of construction in which two posts support a lintel
hypostyle hall a hall with a roof supported by columns
Doric order characterized by capitals with funnel-shaped echinuses, columns without bases and a frieze of triglyphs and metopes
arch a carved structural member that spans an opening and is generally composed of wedge-shaped blocks that transmit the downward pressure laterally
hemispherical domes a surface of revolution in which the radius is constant
Triumphal arch In Roman architecture, a freestanding arch commemorating an important event, such as a military victory or the opening of a new road
corbeled arch formed by the piling of stone blocks in horizontal courses, cantilevered inward until the two walls meet in an arch
clerestory the fenestrated part of a building that rises above the roofs of the other parts. In Roman basilicas these are the windows that form the nave's uppermost level below the timer ceiling or the vaults
Ionic Order characterized by volutes, capitals, columns with bases and an uninterrupted frieze
barrel vault semi-cylindrical in cross-section, this is in effect a deep arch or an uninterrupted series of arches, one behind the other, over an oblong space.
groin vault formed at the point at which two barrel vaults intersect at right angles.
amphitheater Greek "double theater." A Roman building type resembling two Greek theaters put together, featuring a continuous elliptical cavea aroundacentral arena
arcuated lintels a lintel with alternating horizontal and arcuated sections
megalith means great stone. a large, roughly hewn stone used in the construction of monumental prehistoric structures
labyrinth a word that means maze. derived from the maze-like plan of the Minoan palace at Knossos
Corinthian Capital an ornate capital consisting of a double row of acanthus leaves from which tendrils and flowers grow and wrap around a bell-shaped echinus, found in the ionic order.
aqueducts a channel for carrying water, often elevated on arches
Created by: audiologyrox