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KMHS Unit 4 USH

EOC Vocab

TermDefinition
Kansas-Nebraska Act Created territories of Kansas and Nebraska overturning the Missouri Compromise of 1820 by allowing popular sovereignty to determine slavery.
Compromise of 1850 a series of laws passed by the Congress in September 1850, which defused a four-year political confrontation between slave and free states regarding the status of territories acquired during the Mexican American War.
Popular Sovereignty Allowing white male settlers in the territory to vote on Slavery.
Dred Scott Case Slave who attempted to sue his slave owner for his freedom. Went to the Supreme Court but was ruled against because he had no rights; Made Missouri Compromise Unconstitutional.
John Brown A white abolitionist who believed armed insurrection was the only way to overthrow the institution of slavery in the United States; led a raid on an arsenal on Harper’s Ferry
Habeas Corpus is a writ (court order) that requires a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court.
Abraham Lincoln 16th President of the United States, serving from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865; led the U.S. through the Civil War.
Emancipation Proclamation It proclaimed the freedom of slaves in the ten states that were still in rebellion.
Gettysburg Address Speech by Lincoln on November 19, 1863 at the dedication of the soldier’s cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
Ulysses S. Grant Union General who ended the Civil War when Robert E. Lee surrendered to him; Became the 18th President of the U.S.
Robert E Lee Confederate general
Stonewall Jackson Confederate general
Jefferson Davis President of the Confederate States of America (CSA).
William T. Sherman Union general who led the March to the Sea in which Sherman delivered Savannah to Lincoln as a Christmas present.
Appomattox Courthouse Sight of the surrender of Robert E. Lee and the Confederate Army to Ulysses S. Grant.
Fort Sumter The location of the first fighting of the Civil War (SC).
Battle of Bull Run First Battle of the Civil War won by the Confederates; Stonewall Jackson was the Confederate leader
Battle of Antietam Bloodiest 1 day battle in US History; strategic win for Union.
Siege of Vicksburg Union victory in Mississippi that cut off Confederate troops, dividing South in half
Battle of Gettysburg Turning point in the war; significant loss for Confederate because they would never invade the North again; sank morale of Confederacy and boosting morale of Union.
Battle of Atlanta Union victory; Destroyed rail lines and took control of trade post in Atlanta.
13th Amendment Abolished slavery
14th Amendment Provided citizenship to all people born or naturalized in the U.S.
15th Amendment Black male suffrage.
Freedmen’s Bureau Federal gov’t agency that aided freed slaves during Reconstruction.
Presidential Reconstruction Andrew Johnson issued pardons to Confederate leaders, returned confiscated property and undermined the Freedmen’s Bureau.
Radical Republican Reconstruction Wanted to punish the South and protect civil rights of African Americans.
Morehouse College Founded in 1867 to educate African American men in theology and education.
Black Codes Laws passed by southern states after the Civil War to restrict African Americans’ freedom.
Ku Klux Klan (KKK) Created in 1865 by veterans of Confederate Army in Tennessee; Advocated White Supremacy.
Andrew Johnson The 17th President of the U.S.; Abe Lincolns VP; impeached by the Radical Republicans because he violated the Tenure Office Act.
Compromise of 1877 – Awarded Republican Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential election of 1876 on premise that he remove federal troops from the South
Created by: MC1204