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Cold War

TermDefinition
Cold War when enemies argue and bicker to the point of fighting but never actually engage in combat. Instead, both sides use military threats, spying, propaganda, economic influence, and politics to fight each other
Arms Race competition between countries to achieve superiority in quantity and quality of military weapons (arms)
Containment the action of keeping something harmful under control or within limits. In this context, containment is to keep communism from spreading
Domino Theory the idea that once a nation fell to communism, the neighboring countries would soon fall as well
Subversion actions designed to destroy the military, economic, psychological, or political strength or morale of the government
Domestic existing or occurring inside a particular country; not foreign or international (most times this course will be referring to the U.S. when it mentions domestic)
Capitalism permits individual people to own and control businesses
Communism all control lies in the hands of the government, and no one is allowed to own property. Businesses, individual wealth and prices of goods are managed and set according to what the government feels is needed at the time.
Truman Doctrine ( March of 1947) A principle expressed by President Truman stating that the U.S. should give support to countries who were being threatened by communism.
Marshall Plan (February of 1947) A U.S. economic program aimed at helping Europe rebuild and recover after World War II. The purpose was to keep communism out of Europe as much as possible.
Berlin Airlift (June of 1948-May of 1949) American planes flew night and day over Berlin, dropping food and other supplies to the people of Berlin, after the Soviet Union cut off the outside world by placing a blockade around the city.
NATO (July of 1949) North Atlantic Treaty Organization: An alliance of 16 nations bordering the Atlantic ocean, whose main goal is to maintain democratic governments within the region.
Chinese Revolution (October 1, 1949) Mao Zedong proclaimed the founding of the People's Republic of China with a communist government. With this proclamation, communism had officially spread into a major Asian country.
Korean War (June of 1950-July of 1953) A conflict between North Korea (communist) and South Korea (democratic) in which communist forces attempted to reunify Korea under one communist government. The U.S. backed South Korea, while China supported North Korea.
Warsaw Pact (May of 1955) A treaty between the Soviet Union and all communist controlled Eastern European nations to collectively defend one another against democratic forces.
Berlin Wall (August of 1961) A guarded wall built by the Soviet Union, dividing Berlin and Germany into communistic East and democratic West. People were restricted from passing through the gates without clearance.
Cuban Missile Crisis (October 1962) The closest point in history that the world came to nuclear war. The Soviet Union had placed missiles in Cuba, which the U.S. demanded that they remove. The conflict resulted in a standoff, where both the U.S. and U.S.S.R. backed down.
The Vietnam War (1955-1973) A conflict between communistic North Vietnam and democratic South Vietnam in which communist forces reunified Vietnam under one communist government. The United States backed South Vietnam, while China and the Soviet Union supported North Vietnam.
Fall of the Berlin Wall (November 10, 1989) The collapse of the Berlin Wall signified the end of the Cold War. With the gates open, people were allowed to travel freely between East and West Germany. Shortly after, Germany reunified and became one nation again.
Aggressors a person, group, or country that attacks first (not in self-defense)
Dissident a person who opposes official policy, especially from a strong national government
Blockade an effort to cut off food, supplies, war material or communications from a particular area by force
Coup the sudden and illegal takeover of a government
Guerilla Conflict when a small group of irregular combatants such as armed civilians use military tactics to keep the fighting spread out over a large area
Free-Market an economic system in which prices are determined by unrestricted competition between privately owned businesses.
Created by: JenBeckler