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Enlightenment

TermDefinition
Absolute Monarchy The royal ruler (King or Queen) has complete control over the government.
Dictatorship One ruler controls everything in the country; the ruler came to power by overthrowing the previous government.
Presidential Democracy The president of the country is elected by its citizens
Constitutional Monarchy There is a king or queen, but they have very little power; most of the power belongs to elected officials.
Parliamentary Democracy The citizens elect a group of representatives; that group then chooses one leader (prime minister).
Theocracy The ruler of the government is also the religious leader.
Enlightenment The era in the 1600's and 1700's in which reason intellect, science and philosophy became the cornerstones for establishing a government. Scholars advised against monarchs and religious rulers.
Social Contract An Enlightenment theory in which people have the right to share in the activities of the government. You give up some of your rights to the government in exchange for government protection.
John Locke Enlightenment philosopher who believed that the purpose of government failed to protect the natural rights of man, then the citizens had the right to overthrow the government and form a new one.
Created by: JenBeckler