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KMHS Unit 2 USH

EOC Vocab

TermDefinition
French & Indian War Conflict from 1754 to 1763 between the Great Britain and France over claim to the Ohio River Valley
Treaty of Paris 1763 Ended the French and Indian War
Proclamation of 1763 Imaginary boundary created by Great Britain to prevent colonial expansion past the Appalachian Mountains
Sons of Liberty American patriots who organized protests to fight for colonial rights
Daughters of Liberty Group of women who protested British cloth by sewing and making clothes from colonial made cloth.
The Stamp Act of 1765 Direct tax on all printed goods such as paper, playing cards, dice and deeds
Intolerable Acts In response to the Boston Tea Party; 1. Closed the Boston Harbor 2. Placed Boston under martial law 3. Placed a royal governor in charge of the colony and 4. Created the quartering act
Crispus Attucks Considered the first casualty of the American Revolutionary War; killed during the Boston Massacre; was a half black/native American; martyr.
Committees of Correspondence Secret committees created by the colonies to communicate without the British knowing
Common Sense Pamphlet written by Thomas Paine to convince colonists to separate from Great Britain; Argued that a mother (GB) should not treat its child (colonies) that way; That an island should not rule a continent
Declaration of Independence written by Thomas Jefferson; Explained the reasons why the colonies were separating from Great Britain; signed 1776
John Locke English philosopher; Life, liberty and property; impact on Declaration of Independence
George Washington Appointed as the Commander of the Continental Army and eventually became the first President of the U.S.
Valley Forge Low point of the war for the Americans; low supplies and starvation
Marquis de Lafayette French aristocrat who helped train American soldiers; became like a son to Washington
Crossing the Delaware Led by George Washington, on Christmas Eve/Day 1776; Surprise attack on British troops in Trenton, New Jersey
Battle of Yorktown Final battle of the Revolutionary War
General Charles Cornwallis The main British commander in the Revolutionary War; surrendered at the Battle of Yorktown
Treaty of Paris 1783 Ended the American Revolutionary War; Established the United States as an independent nation
Articles of Confederation First government of the newly formed United States
Shays’ Rebellion A farmer’s Rebellion against the increase in taxes; showed the weaknesses of Articles of Confederation
Federalist Supported AOC, opposed strong national gov’t, supported state government
Antifederalists Opposed Articles and wanted a strong national gov’t, believed upper class should govern the people
James Madison Father of the Constitution and one of the writers of The Federalist papers
The Federalist Papers Series of 85 letters written by Hamilton, Madison and Jay to support ratification of the Constitution
The Great Compromise Created bicameral Congress where representation in the House was based on population and representation in the Senate was equal among the states
3/5 Compromise Counted 3 of every 5 slaves for population and tax purposes
Charles de Montesquieu Philosopher attributed with the ideas of separation of powers, checks and balances and limited government
Bill of Rights First 10 amendments to the Constitution; protects the citizens; inspired by Voltaire
Whiskey Rebellion Rebellion against the tax placed on whiskey during Washington’s presidency; resulted in Army sent to squash the rebellion; showed the power of the national gov’t under the Constitution
XYZ Affair French officials demanded a bribe from American diplomats before negotiations could begin
Alien & Sedition Acts Signed by President Adams, which increased the citizenship requirement to 14 years and allowed the president to arrest and deport aliens critical of the government
Created by: MC1204