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Study Guide 1 Chemistry of Life

What deals with the structure and behavior of living organisms? Life Science
What is designed to help you predict what an element's physical and chemical properties are and what elements will bond with each other? Periodic Table
What information can be found in the boxes on the periodic table? element name, element symbol, atomic number, atomic mass
Living things are a type of ____________ which is anything that has mass and takes up space. matter
All matter is made up of ____________. atoms
When something is made up of only one kind of atom it is called an ______________. element
All things are made up of _______________________. matter containing elements
What are the elements that are most often found in living things (there are 8 of them) Nitrogen (N), Carbon (C), Hydrogen (H), Oxygen (O), Phosphorus (P), Sulfur (S), Calcium (Ca), Potassium (K) *Special of the day: N CHOPS with CaK
What are the elements found in human beings? (there are 12 of them) Oxygen (O), Nitrogen (N), Calcium (Ca), Phosphorus (P), Sodium (Na), Magnesium (Mg) Carbon (C), Hydrogen (H), Iron (I), Sulfur (S), Chlorine (Cl), Potassium (K) *New Restaurant: N CHOPS CaFe served with NaCl and MgK
_______________ are made up of two or more elements in exact proportions, such as water. (H2O) compounds
Elements come together to form compounds that are classified as _____________ or ______________. organic or inorganic
________________ always contain Carbon and Hydrogen and are usually associated with living things. Organic Compounds
The four groups of organic compounds (macromolecules) that make up living things are _______________, _______________, _____________________, ___________________________, proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, nucleic acids
What are the elements, examples and function of carbohydrates? Elements: Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen Examples: Sugars, Starch, Cellulose Functions: Supply energy for all cell processes; form structures; provide short term storage
What are the elements, examples and function of lipids? Elements: Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Phosphorus (small amounts of others) Examples: Fats, Oils, Waxes, Phospholipids, Cholesterol Functions: Store large amounts of energy long term; form boundaries around cells
What are the elements, examples and function of proteins? Elements: Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen Sulfur Examples: Enzymes(meat & dried beans), Skin, Hair Functions: Building blocks of structures in cells in organisms; regulate cell processes
What are the elements, examples and function of nucleic acids? Elements: Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Phosphorus Examples: DNA and RNA Functions: store important coded information in cells (hereditary material); used to make proteins
What makes up 70-75% of a cell's volume and is essential for life? water
Created by: dancer2024