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CH 6 A&P

QuestionAnswer
The ____________ is the larger of the two bones that form the leg below the knee tibia
The oval, bony case that protects the brain is the: cranium
The maxillae bones form the: upper jaw
The two bones that form the sides and crown(top) of the cranium are the: parietal bones
The inner and larger bone in the forearm, attached to the wrist and located on the side of the little finger is the: ulna
The foot is made up of how many bones 26
Which muscles are also know as the smooth muscles nonstriated muscles
The part of the muscle that does not move is the origin
The broad muscle that covers the top of the head is the epicranius
The _________ are the muscles that straighten the wrist, hand, and fingers to form a straight line extensors
The _______ cranial nerve is the chief motor nerve of the face seventh
The greater occipital nerve is located at the ____ of the head and affects the scalp as far up as the top of the head back
The median nerve supplies impulses to the arm and hand
The deep peroneal nerve is located in the front of the leg
Valves are structures that temporalily close a passage or permit blood flow in only one direction
Deoxygenated blood flows from the body into the right atrium
White blood cells are also known as leukocytes
Blood ___________ the body's temperature plays a role in equalizing
The _____________supplies blood to the muscles of the eye. infraorbital atery
The _______________ is the organ that removes waste created by digestion intestine
The ___________ covers the body and is the external protective coating skin
The _______ are the organs that digest food intestines and stomach
The ________ system controls the steady movement of the blood through the body circulatory
The _______ system changes food into nutrients and wastes digestive
The ______ system affects the growth, development, sexual functions, and health of the entire body endocrine
The ___________ system purifies the body by the elimination of waste matter excretory
The _________ system serves as a protective coating and helps regulate the body's temperature integumentary
The ________ system protects the body from disease by developing immunities and destroying disease-causing toxins and bacteria lymphatic
The study of the nature, structure, function, and diseases of the muscles is myology
Osteology is the study of the anatomy, structure, and function of the bones
The basic unit of all living things is the cell
The dense active protoplasm found in the center of the cell is nucleus
Human cells reproduce by mitosis, dividing into two identical cells called daughter cells
The __________ is the protoplasm of a cell except for the protoplasm in the nucleus cytoplasm
The chemical process through which cells are nourished and carry out their activities is called metabolism
The constructive phase of metabolism is called anabolism
Which type of tissue contracts and moves various parts of the body muscle tissue
Which type of tissue lines the heart and the digestive and respiratory organs epithelial tissue
The connection between two or more bones is called a joint
The muscles at the base of the fingers that draw the fingers together are the adductors
The system of nerves that carries impulses or messages to and from the central nervous system is called the peripheral nervous system
Sensory nerve endings called __________ are located close to the surface of the skin receptors
The largest artery in the human body is the aorta
The main blood supply of the arms and hands are the ulnar and radial arteries
The popliteal artery supplies blood to the foot and divides into two separate arteries known as the anterior tibial and posterior tibial arteries
The ____________ is the primary nasal muscle of concern to cosmetologists procerus
The mental nerve affects the skin of the lower lip and chin
The ____________ drains the tissue spaces of excess interstitial fluid lymphatic system
The ___________ is a gland of the endocrine system that secretes enzyme-producing cells that are responsible for digesting carbohydrates, proteins, and fats pancreas
The ______________ glands secret about 30 steroid hormones and control metabolic processes of the body, including the fight-or-flight response adrenal
Digestive__________ are chemicals that change certain types of food into soluble form that can be used by the body enzymes
The organ that controls the body is the brain
The organs that control the body's vision are the eyes
The heart is the organ that circulates the body's blood
The organs that excretes water and waste products are the kidneys
The lungs supply ___________ to the blood oxygen
The ______ system covers, shapes, and supports the skeleton tissue muscular
The __________ system controls and coordinates all other systems inside and outside of the body and makes them work harmoniously and efficiently nervous
The ____________ system controls the processes by which plants and animals produce offspring reproductive
The ____________ system enables breathing, supplying the body with oxygen and eliminating carbon dioxide as a waste product respiratory
The ________ system forms the physical foundation of the body skeletal
The study of the human body structures that can be seen with the naked eye and how the body parts are organized is anatomy
Physiology is the study of the functions and activities performed by the body's structures
The study of tiny structures found in living tissues is known as histology or microscopic anatomy
Neurology is the study of the structure, function, and pathology of the nervous system
Created by: Lfranklin