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Global 9

Chapter 3

TermDefinition
Five Key Relationshiops concept of society developed by Confucius in China. Leader-subject, Parent-Child, Elderson-Younger Son Husband-wife, Friend-Friend
Gupta Empire A kingdom centrally located in the Deccan Region, centralized power & brought about a Golden Age.
Asoka Emperor of the Maurya Empire in 286 BC, terrified @ the slaughter in Deccan region...converts to Buddhism
Confucius Teacher & philosopher from China Golden Rule
Persian Empire rose after the fall of Babylon stretching from Asia Minor to India
Dynastic Cycle The rise and fall of dynasties, based on the Mandate of Heaven
Daoism Philosophy of belief in contentment of self contained world so one avoids stress
Dharma religious or moral duties (Hinduism,Karma,reincarnation)
Ahimsa nonviolence, Hinduism, India, Kharma
Hinduism polytheistic religion that began in the Indus River Civilization around 3,000BCE INDIA
Veneration special regard for , India=for cows
River of Sorrows a.k.a YFiellow river, or Huang He...caused millions of deaths with floods
Filial Piety respect for ones parents, If something happens SHAME is the worst
Han Dynasty the 2nd imperal dynasty of China Wudi- 9th emperor existed during the height of Roman Empire Golden Age Silk Road Expanded the Great Wall Civil Service
Shi Huangdi 1st emperor of China who unified China Qin Dynasty- China is named after this dynasty Great Wall of China Terracotta Arm Ruthless and Harsh- burned confucian books- killed confucian scholars
Qin Dynasty Was the 1st unified, centralized power in Chinese history lasted from 221 BC-207 BC- 207 BC China is named for this dynasty Legalism- anti confucianism building the terracotta army
Civil Service A system where the government jobs and positions are offered on merit rather than family ties. Wudi- Han Dynasty Civil servants had to read the 5 classics ( poems and handbooks) Silk Road
Legalism Strict set of laws based on the teachings of Hanfeizi He believed the nature of man is evil and believed in harsh punishment was the only way to keep order Qin Dynasty anti confucious
Silk Road Was a trade network that linked China to the west most prized trade good- silk stretched for 4,000 miles connected sea routes- med. sea This is how silk made it to the Roman Empire Han Dynasty-Wudi
Wudi Was 9th and most famous Han emperor who strengthened China Golden Age- improved canals, roads, the expansionist expanded the silk road and the great wall
Laozi Old Master who was an ancient chinese philosopher who founded daoism best people are like water because they go with the flow Yin Yang ( men- women- light-dark) cant have one without the other nature
Mandate of Heaven The permission granted to emperors to rule over China granted by the heavens Dynastic cycle government river of sorrows divine right- Ancient China
Loess A loosely compacted yellowish gray deposit of sediment and silt that comes from the loess plateau in western china/ eastern tibet River of sorrows Yellow/ Huang He River Emperor Yu agriculture flourishes Cradle of China's civilization
Yellow River Civilization Is a civilization that arose along the Huang He River gets it name from the loess or yellow sediment that flows from the loess plateau calligraphy is written language
Siddartha Gautama The prince of India who becomes the founder of Buddhism Enlightened one/ awakened Buddha four noble truths eightfold path--> nirvana
Eightfold path 8 steps to overcome non virtue Siddhartha Guatama- Buddha 4 noble truths Buddhism Nirvana-Enlightenment
Maurya Empire An empire that controlled India Until the diverse groups of people under a well organized bureaucracy Chandra Gupta Maurya Buddhism/ Non violence
Indus River Valley one of the 4 river civilizations that developed a.a.r.o. the Neolithic Revolution Monsoons highly organized Government/trade/cotton writing system
Monsoon seasonal winds that bring moisture in to the Indian sub continent brings water and floods
Four Noble truths all life is full of pain and suffering, sorrow the cause of suffering is non virtue or negative deeds and mindset such as hatred and desire. the only cure for suffering is to overcome non virtue follow the eightfold path buddha buddhism
Created by: mbarkley