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Bryz Ch. 8 Med Term

Medical Terminology Chapter 8 Terms - Updated

QuestionAnswer
an/o anus, ring
chol/e bile, gall
cholecyst/o gallbladder
col/o, colon/o colon, large intestine
-emesis vomiting
enter/o small intestine
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach, belly
hepat/o liver
-lithiasis presence of stones
-pepsia digest, digestion
-phagia eating, swallowing
proct/o anus and rectum
rect/o rectum, straight
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
aerophagia excessive swallowing of air while eating or drinking, and is a common cause of gas in the stomach
antiemetic medication that is administered to prevent or relieve nausea and vomiting
colonoscopy Visual examination of the inner surface of the entire colon from the rectum to the cecum
Crohn's disease chronic autoimmune disorder that can occur anywhere in the digestive tract; however, it is most often found in the ileum and in the colon
Celiac's Disease Autoimmune disorder characterized by a severe reaction to foods containing gluten
enteritis inflammation of the small intestine cause by eating or drinking substances contaminated with viral and bacterial pathogens
eructation act of belching or raising gas orally from the stomach
gastroesophageal reflux disease also known as GERD, is the upward flow of acid from the stomach into the esophagus
hematemesis Vomiting of blood
hyperemesis extreme, persistent vomiting that can cause dehydration
jaundice yellow discoloration of the mucous membranes, skin, and the eyes
morbid obesity condition of weighing two times or more than the ideal weight or having a body mass index value greater than 40
proctologist Physician who specializes in disorders of the colon, rectum, and anus
regurgitation the return of swallowed food into the mouth
Sigmoid Colon The last area of the large intestine
ulcerative colitis chronic condition where repeated episodes of inflammation in the rectum and large intestine cause ulcers
xerostomia (dry mouth) lack of adequate saliva due to diminished secretions by the salivary glands
Antacids Helps relieve the discomfort of pyrosis or to help peptic ulcers heal
Bruxism Involuntary clenching of the teeth during sleep
Halitosis Bad Breath
Gingivitis Earliest stage of peridontal disease
Inguinal Hernia Protrusion of a small loop of bowel through a weak place in the lower abdominal wall or groin
Peristalis Wavelike contractions of the smooth muscles in a single direction
Emesis Vomiting
Created by: ebryzgornia