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Bryz Ch. 9 Med Term

Medical Terminology Chapter 9 Terms - Updated

-cele hernia, tumor, swelling
cyst/o urinary bladder, cyst, sac of fluid
dia- through, between, apart, complete
-ectasis stretching, dilation, enlargement
lith/o stone, calculus
-lysis breakdown, separation, setting free, destruction, loosening
nephr/o kidney
-pexy surgical fixation
pyel/o renal pelvis, bowl of kidney
-tripsy to crush
ur/o urine, urinary tract
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
-uria urination, urine
anuria Absence of urine formation by the kidneys
chronic kidney disease progressive loss of renal function over months or years
cystography Radiographic examination of the bladder after a contrast medium is instilled via a urethral catheter
Dysuria Difficult or painful urination
end-stage renal disease Final stage of chronic kidney disease, and is fatal unless kidney functions are successfully replaced by dialysis or transplants
edema Swelling of tissues based on fluid accumulation
extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy most common kidney stone treatment with high-energy ultrasonic waves
foley catheter A type of catheter with a flexible tube with a balloon at the end to hold it in place in the bladder
incontinence inability to control the excretion of urine, feces, or both
nephrolithiasis Presence of stones in the kidney
nephropathy any disease of the kidney
neurogenic bladder Urinary problems caused by interference with the normal nerve pathways associated with urination
nocturnal enuresis urinary incontinence during sleep
Overactive bladder Also known as urge incontinence
polyuria excessive urination and is a common symptom of diabetes
suprapubic catheterization placement of a catheter into the bladder through a small incision made through the abdominal wall just above the pubic bone
ureterolith stone located anywhere along the ureter
urethritis inflammation of the urethra
urinary catheterization insertion of a tube into the bladder to allow urine to drain from the bladder
Ureteral Orifices Allows urine to drain from the ureters into the bladder
Urinalysis Examination of urine to determine the presence of abnormal elements
Urinary Hesitancy Difficulty starting a urinary stream
Urinary Retention Also known as ischuria, when the bladder cannot be emptied completely
Created by: ebryzgornia