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MTCh12- Digestion

Digesting Things not Skin Things

The 2nd portion (5' long) of small intestine that means to empty is the: jejunum
The organ that produces bile is the: liver
The lining of the structures in the abdominal and pelvic cavities is the: peritoneum "that which holds the lower organs"
The tube that extends from the pharynx (throat) to the stomach and means gullet is the: eso/phagus "toward/eater"
The ring of muscles found in opening between stomach and duodenum is the: pyloric sphincter "gate keeper: that which binds together"
The combining forms os-, or/o-, and stomato- all mean: mouth
"The combining form that means "small intestines” is:" enter/o- "usually refers to small intestine: Colo- big intestine
The combining form that means "rectum (straight) and anus (ring)" is: proct/o-
The combining form for small growth is: polyp/o- "footed growth"
The diagnostic term that means inflammation of the stomach, intestines and colon is: gastroenterocolitis
The diagnostic term that means abnormal condition of having diverticula (out-pouchings) in the colon is: diverticul/o/sis
The diagnostic term gingivitis means: inflammation of the gums
The diagnostic term chole/lith/iasis means: condition of gallstones
The diagnostic term that means prolapse of the rectum is: procto/ptosis
The diagnostic term gastro/enter/itis means: inflammation of the stomach and intestinal track
The diagnostic term for chronic inflammation of the small and/or large intestines, characterized by cobblestone ulcerations along the intestinal wall and the formation of scar tissue, is: Crohn's Disease
The diagnostic term for the abnormal growing together of two surfaces normally separated is: adhesion
The diagnostic term ulcerative colitis means: inflammation of the colon with sores
The diagnostic term for a psychoneurotic disorder characterized by prolonged refusal to eat is: anorexia nervosa
The diagnostic term for a chronic disease of the liver characterized by the gradual destruction of liver cells is: cirrhosis "yellow orange color produced"
The surgical term that means crushing a stone in the common bile duct is: choledocholith/otripsy
The surgical term cheil/orrhapy means: suture of the lips
The surgical term that means incision in to the abdominal wall is: lapar/otomy
The surgical term that means suture of the tongue is: glossorrhaphy
The procedural term for X-ray filming of the gallbladder is: chole/cysto/graphy
The procedural term that means visual examination of the rectum is: proctoscopy
The procedural term meaning visual examination within a hollow organ is: endoscopy
The term Proctoscope means: instrument used for visual examination of the rectum
The procedural phrase for a barium enema with X-rays is: lower GI Series
The term Endoscopic Gastroscop/e is defined as a(n): instrument used for visual examination of the stomach
The procedural term for a series of X-ray films taken of the stomach & duodenum after barium has been swallowed is: Upper GI Series
The medical term Brady/pepsia means: slow digestion
The medical term Dysphagia means: difficult swallowing or eating
The medical term a/pepsia means: without digestion
The medical term that means physician who specializes in proctology is: proctologist
The medical term gastro/dynia means: pain in the stomach
The medical term Peritoneal literally means: one who holds lower viscera "largest serous membrane in the body"
The term for abnormal collection of fluid in the peritoneal cavity is: ascites
The medical term that means washing out the stomach is: gastric lavage
The term Di/gest/ion literally means: the process of/two/separations
The physi/ology (science of function or nature) term Peristalsis literally means: to contract/around
The anatomical term Incis/or literally means: one who cuts in
The diagnostic term stomat/itis means: inflammation of the mouth
The diagnostic term Pyloric Stenosis actually means: condition of narrowing the gate keeper
The anatomical term Gastric Rugae literally means: stomach folds
The diagnostic term Peptic Ulcer literally means: digestive : sore
Hepatitis A, B, and C are caused by a: virus
Hepatitis A is also known as: Infectious Hepatitis
Hepatitis B is also known as: Serum Hepatitis
Hepatitis "_" may be dormant in the body for years before the Signs and Symptoms appear C
The diagnostic term Dental Caries literally means: refers to tooth cavities
The word parts dento- and donto- both mean: tooth
The diagnostic term Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease can also refer to: heart burn "GERD"
The diagnostic term Reflux literally means: to flow again "usually backward"
The diagnostic term Tartar refers to dental: plaque "hardened carbonates, phosphates, and organic matter"
The diagnostic term Coloscopy refers to viewing and examining the: large intestine
The diagnostic term Colo/scop/e literally means: instrument to view the big or large intestine
The diagnostic term Colo/scop/y literally means: procedure of viewing and examining the large intestine
The diagnostic term Diverticulosis actually means: condition of out pouching in the colons rugae or fold
The nutritional physiology term Bolus literally means: ball or lump
The nutritional physiology term Chyme literally means: juice
The inflammatory characteristics seen during a Upper GI Examination include: rubor, tumor, calor, and dolor "red, swelling, heat, pain"
The medical abbreviation for the Gastrointestinal System (mouth to anus): GI
The medical term Enema literally means: to inject
The diagnostic term Dys/phag/ia literally means: refers to difficult or faulty swallowing
The diagnostic term Dys/phonia actually means: refers to faulty speaking or speech hoarseness
The diagnostic term "A/phasia" literally means: without speech
The diagnostic term Bulem/ia literally means ____________. refers to/hungry
The diagnostic term Anorexia Nervosa literally means: without appetite: caused by a "nervous" condition
The diagnostic term Hyper/cholesterol/emia is a blood condition with a cholesterol level above ____ mg per dcl (milligrams per deciliter) in a 20 Y/O. 230
The diagnostic term Crohn's Disease is also known as: chronic regional ileitis
The diagnostic term Acute Appendicitis actually means: sudden inflammation of the appendage attached to the cecum
The diagnostic term Dys/entery literally means: faulty, difficult, and painful intestines
The anatomical word part colo- or colono- refers to the big intestine. The word part _______ can refer to the small intestine or both intestines. entero-
The alimentary (to nourish) canal is approximately _____ feet long in adults. 30
The diagnostic term Abdominal Hernia refers to: a rupture or protrusion through the abdominal wall
The anatomical term Alimentary literally means: to nourish
The diagnostic term Pell/agra refers to _________ and is caused by the lack of niacin or niacinamide in the diet. skin/rough
The diagnostic term Amebic (Amoeba) Dysentery refers to: diarrhea and dehydration caused by the Amebic one cell organism
The physiological (function) importance of the digestive system is to: break foods down into small ingredients to nourish the body cells
The diagnostic term Beri/beri refers to ________________ and is caused by the lack of thiamine (part of B Complex: B-1) in the diet. body weakness "weakness/weakness"
The diagnostic term Scurvy literally means __________ and is the lack of Vitamin C in the diet. to scratch
The diagnostic term Fistula refers to a: pipe stem like tube or passageway
The diagnostic term Atresia refers to: closure of an opening- "anus, ear, vagine, eye, urethra"
The diagnostic term Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) refers to: painful intestines
The diagnostic reference of Differential Diagnosis (D.D.) refers to: determining the difference between 2 or more similar health problems
The diagnostic term Hiatal Hernia refers to: rupturing or protrusion of the stomach up through the diaphragm
The anatomical term Sphincter literally means: to bind together (Tighten)
The diagnostic term Pyloric Stenosis refers to the narrowing of the lower end of the ___________ and can lead to regular vomiting in fants stomach
The diagnostic term Volvulus usually refers to ________ of the ileum or the colon twisting
Typhus literally means: stupor "near coma or deep sleep"
A Cysto/scopic Exam refers to 'looking at' the ________: urinary bladder inspection
Cholera is commonly referred to as _______________ . It can lead to dehydration, vomiting, muscle cramps, and death. It is caused by the bacteria Vibrio cholerae. super diarrhea
Created by: kccroy