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Bryz Ch. 10 Med Term

Medical Terminology Chapter 10 Terms - Updated

Caus/o burning, burn
Cerebr/o Cerebrum, brain
Concuss/o Shaken together, violently agitated
Contus/o Bruise
Encephal/o Brain
-esthesia Sensation, feeling
Esthet/o Feeling, nervous sensation, sense of perception
-graphy The process of producing a picture or record
Mening/o membranes, meninges
Myel/o Spinal cord, bone marrow
Neur/i, Neur/o Nerve, nerve tissue
Phobia Abnormal fear
Psych/o Mind
Radicul/o Root or nerve root
Tropic Having an affinity for
Absence Seizure When an electrical storm in the brain is only impacting part of the body, in particular causing the patient to have a blank stare
Alzheimer's disease Group of disorders involving the parts of the brain that control thought, memory, and language
Amyotropihic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's Disease) Rapidly progressive neurological disease that attacks the nerve cells responsible for controlling voluntary muscles
Anxiety Disorders Mental conditions characterized by excessive, irrational dread of everyday situations or fear that is out of proportion to the real danger in a situation
Autism Subgroup of autism spectrum disorders. Children will have significant development delays, including speech and language
Bell's Palsy Temporary paralysis of the seventh cranial nerve that causes paralysis only of the affected side of the face
Cerebral Palsy Condition characterized by poor muscle control, spasticity, speech defects, and other neurologic deficiencies due to damage that affects the cerebrum
Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA) a stroke
Delirium Tremens Disorder involving sudden and severe mental changes or seizures caused by abruptly stopping the use of alcohol
Dissociative Identity Disorder When a person has multiple distinct personalities
Drug Overdose accidental or intentional use of an illegal drug or prescription medicine in an amount higher than what is safe or normal
Encephalitis Inflammation of the brain, can be caused by a viral infection such as rabies
Epilepsy Chronic neurological condition characterized by recurrent episodes of seizures of varying severity
Factitious Disorder Condition in which an individual acts as if he or she has a physical or mental illness when he or she is not really sick
Hemorrhagic Stroke Occurs when a blood vessel in the brain leaks
Insomnia Prolonged or abnormal inability to sleep
Ischemic Stroke Most common type of stroke in older people, occurs when the flow of blood to the brain is blocked by the narrowing or blockage of a carotid artery
Learning Disabilities Children of normal intelligence have difficulties learning skills such as processing language or grasping mathematical concepts
Migraine Headache Which may be preceded by a warning aura, is characterized by throbbing pain on one side of the head
Narcolepsy Sleep disorder consisting of sudden and uncontrollable brief episodes of falling asleep during the day
Neurotransmitters Chemical substances that make it possible for messages to cross from the synapse of a neuron to the target receptor
Parkinson's Disease Chronic, degenerative central nervous disorder characterized by fine muscle tremors, rigidity, and a slow or shuffling gait
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder May develop after an event involving actual or threatened death or injury to the individual or someone else in which fear, helplessness, or horror was felt
Psychiatrist Physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating chemical dependencies, emotional problems, and mental illness
Schizophrenia Psychotic disorder usually characterized by withdrawal from reality, illogical patterns of thinking, delusions, and hallucinations, and accompanied in varying degree by other emotional, behavioral, or intellectual disturbances
Sedative Depresses the central nervous system to produce calm and diminished responsiveness without producing sleep.
Shaken Baby Syndrome Results of a child being violently shaken by someone which can cause brain injury, blindness, fractures, seizures, paralysis and death
Syncope (fainting) brief loss of consciousness caused by the decreased flow of blood to the brain
Stupor Unresponsive state from which a person can be aroused only briefly despite vigorous, repeated attempts
Transient Ischemic Attack Mini-Stroke
Created by: ebryzgornia