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Bryz Ch. 1 Med Term

Medical Terminology Chapter 1 Terms

-algia pain/painful condition
dys- bad, difficult, or painful
-ectomy surgical removal, cutting out
hyper - excessive, increased
hypo - deficient, decreased
-itis inflammation
-osis abnormal condition, disease
-ostomy surgical creation of an artificial opening to the body surface
-otomy cutting, surgical incision
-plasty surgical repair
-rrhage bleeding, abnormal excessive fluid discharge
-rrhaphy surgical suturing
-rrhea flow or discharge
-rrhexis rupture
-sclerosis abnormal hardening
Abdominocentesis Surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid
Acronym A word formed from the initial letter of the major parts of a compound term
Acute Condition has a rapid onset, a severe course, and a relatively short duration
Angiography Radiographic (x-ray) study of blood vessels
Appendicitis Inflammation of the appendix
Arteriostenosis Abnormal narrowing of the walls of an artery or arteries
Arthralgia Pain in a joint or joints
Colostomy Surgical creation of an artificial excretory opening between the colon and the body surface
Cyanosis Blue discoloration of the skin
Dermatologist Physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the skin
Diagnosis Identification of a disease
Edema Swelling caused by an abnormal accumulation of fluid in cells, tissues, or cavities of the body
Endarterial Pertaining to the interior or lining of an artery
Eponym Disease, structure, operation, or procedure named for the person who discovered or described it
Erythrocyte Red Blood Cell
Fissure Groove or crack-like sore of the skin
Fistula Abnormal passage, usually between two internal organs or leading from an organ to the surface of the body
Gastralgia Pain in the stomach, stomachache
Gastritis Inflammation of the stomach
Gastroenteritis Small intestine and stomach inflammation
Gastrosis Disease of the stomach
Hemorrhage Loss of a large amount of blood in a short time
Hepatomegaly Abnormal enlargement of the liver
Hypertension Higher than normal blood pressure
Hypotension Lower than normal blood pressure
Infection Invasion of the body by a pathogenic organism
Inflammation Localized response to an injury or to the destruction of tissues
Interstitial Between, but not within, the parts of the tissue
Intramuscular Means with the muscle
Laceration Torn or jagged wound or an accidental cut wound
Lesion Pathologic change of the tissues due to disease or injury
Malaise Feeling of general discomfort or uneasiness that is often the first indication of an infection or other disease
Mycosis Any abnormal condition or disease caused by a fungus
Myelopathy Pathologic change or disease in the spinal cord
Myopathy Pathologic change or disease of muscle tissue
Myorrhexis Rupture of a muscle
Natal Pertaining to birth
Neonatology Study of disorders of the newborn
Neurorrhaphy Suturing together the ends of a severed nerve
Otorhinolaryngology Study of the ears and larynx or throat
Palpation Examiner's hands are used to feel the texture, size, consistency, and location of certain body parts
Palpitation Pounding or racing heart
Pathology Study of all aspects of diseases
Phalanges Bones of the fingers and toes
Poliomyelitis Viral infection of the gray matter of the spinal cord
Prognosis Prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disorder
Pyoderma Acute, inflammatory, pus-forming bacterial skin infection such as impetigo
Pyrosis Regurgitation of stomach acid upward into the esophagus (heartburn)
Remission Temporary, partial, or complete disappearance of the symptoms of a disease without having achieved a cure
Sign Objective evidence
Supination Act of rotating the arm so that the palm of the hand is forward or upward
Suppuration Formation or discharge of pus
Supracostal Means above or outside the ribs
Symptom Subjective evidence
Syndrome Set of signs and symptoms that occur together as part of a specific disease process
Tonsillitis Inflammation of the tonsils
Trauma Wound or injury
Triage Medical screening of patients to determine their relative priority of need and the proper place of treatment
Viral Pertaining to a virus
Differential Diagnosis Rule out, Attempt to determine which one of several disease can be causing the signs and symptoms that are present
Disease Condition in which one or more body parts are not functioning normally
Dysfunctional Pertaining to an organ or body part that is not working properly
Malacia Abnormal softening
Perinatal Around the time of birth
Prefix Added to the beginning of a word to influence the meaning
Pyelitis Inflammation of the renal pelvis
Created by: ebryzgornia