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CH 8- Cardio

Self-study test

The suffixes that mean 'pain' are: -dynia and -algia
Cardiomyopathy is referred to as having a problem with __________. the heart muscle pumping blood.
An Em/bol/ism literally means: state of a lump within.
A Pulmonary Infarction (lung: to stuff into) actually means: lung blood flow blockage "ischemia is decreased flow"
The upper chambers of the heart are called the: atria "means chamber"
The lower chambers of the heart are called the: ventricles "little belly"
The valve located between the atrium and ventricle is the: bicuspid "mitral"
The Pace-Maker is found in the right atria and is also called the: S-A Node
The blood vessel that carries the blood containing oxygen and nutrients away from the heart to the body tissues (except the lungs) is the: aorta
The combining forms angi/o- and vaso- all mean: vessel
The combining forms that mean "vein" are: ven/o- and phleb/o-
The combining forms that mean "chest" are: steth/o-, pectero-, and thoroco
The combining forms that mean "sound" are: ech/o- and sono-
the suffix -graph in the term cardio/graph means: instrument used to record
The diagnosis of Angina Pectoris literally means __________. The actual meaning is lack of blood flow to the large heart vessels in the chest. vessel: "in" chest
The term that means separation or removal is: apheresis
The diagnostic term that means abnormal state of a slow heart rate is: bradycardia
The diagnostic term Aortic Stenosis means: narrowing of the arota
The diagnostic term Coronary Isch/emia actually means: deficient supply of blood to the crowning blood vessels of the heart
The diagnostic term that means hardening of the arteries is: arterio/sclera/o/sis
The "literal" meaning of the diagnostic term "Cardio/myo/path/y" is: heart/muscle/disease/condition
The inability of the heart to pump enough blood through the body to supply the tissues and organs is called: congestive heart failure
The diagnostic term Ar/rhythmia means: any variation from a normal heart rhythm or contraction
The diagnostic term used to refer to a dilated or varicose (twisted) internal and/or external vein in the rectum is: hemorrh/oid "blood/resembles"
The diagnostic term for the ballooning of a weakened portion of an arterial wall is: aneurysm
The medical term for the hearing of sounds within the body through a stethoscope is: auscultation
The phase in the cardiac cycle in which chambers relax between contractions is called: dia/stole "relaxation of heart muscle"
Tapping of a body surface with the fingers to determine the density of the body part beneath is: percussion
The medical term for the phase in the cardiac cycle in which the ventricles contract is: systole
The diagnostic term that means rapid, quivering, non-coordinated contractions of the atria and/or ventricles is: fibrillation
The diagnostic term for distended or tortuous veins usually found the lower extremities is: varicose veins "twisted appearance"
The diagnostic term Cardiac Arrest is defined as a(n): sudden cessation of cardiac output and effective circulation
The diagnostic term for a type of cancer characterized by an abnormal increase in white blood cells is: leuk/emia
The diagnostic term An/emia means: decrease in normal RBC numbers, iron, or hemoglobin levels
The surgical term for the incision into a vein to remove blood, to give blood, or to give intravenous fluids is: phelbotomy
The surgical term Angio/o/rrhaphy means: suturing of a vessel or to repair a vessel
The surgical term Angioplasty means: surgical repair of a blood vessel
The surgical term for a procedure in which a balloon is passed through a blood vessel to the area in which plaque is formed is: percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
The surgical technique that brings anew blood supply to heart muscles by detrouing around blocked artho/sclerotic arteries is called a(n): coronary artery bypass
The procedural phrase "Complete Blood Count- CBC" is defined as: counting RBC, WBC, and Thrombocytes or Platelets
The procedural term for X-ray of the blood vessels after an injection of contrast medium dye is: angiograph/y
The procedure for making a record of the structure and motion of the heart using sound waves is called: echocardiography
A procedural bone marrow biopsy is referred to as: stern/al puncture
The Test that determines the time it takes for blood to form a clot is: coagulation time
The device or instrument that is used to measure arterial blood pressure (pulse pressure) by hand is a: sphygmo/mano/meter
The study that uses ultrasound to determine the velocity of the flow of blood within a vessel is: Doppler Flow Studies
The medical term that means removal of liquid from withdrawn blood is: plasma/apheresis "liquid blood/separation"
The term that means one who studies and treats diseases of the blood is: Hematolog/ist
The medical term which means to puncture a vein in order to remove blood, instill medication, or star an intravenous infusion is: veni/puncture
The medical term Cardiology means: the science and study of the heart
The medical term that means body temperature below normal, 98.6 F, is: (Note hypo, sub-, and infra all refer to less, below or under) hyper/thermia usually 78-90 degrees F
The medical term Hemo/stasis (hemo/stat) literally means: stoppage of bleeding or diminished blood flow "circulation"
Application of an electric shock to the myocardium through the chest wall to restore normal cardiac rhythm is called: de/fibrillation "process of quivering or going away"
The medical term Sy/stole (together/contract) actually means: cardiac cycle phase where chambers contract raising blood pressure
The medical term Hyper/tension means: blood pressure that is above normal - "140/90 mm/Hg or higher above atmospheric pressure
Poly/cyth/emia Vera (many/cells/blood: true) is the term for: Erythrocytosis "RBC increases cause strokes, heart attaches, & clots"
The term _________________ refers to the lack of development of normal numbers of RBC's (Erythrocyte) in the blood. A/plastic An/emia "bone marrow not producing cells"
A Macro/phage is referred to as a: larger eaters of foreign cells and materials
Hodgkin's Disease is a type of: Lymph/oma
Athero/sclerosis is a type of: Arteriosclerosis
Mitral Valve Prolapse (MVP) or Mitral Valve Incompetence (MVI) (valve between chambers on the left side of the heart) i usually seen in: women or females
An Aortic Abdominal Aneurysm is the _____________ of the big blood vessel in the posterior belly that often ruptures and causes death by hem/orrhag/ing. ballooning "a widening"
A Varico/cele is the _______________ of the veins in the scrotum (male pouch). twisting "feels like worms in the sac"
The parasitic Protozoan Disease Trypano/som/iasis (carried by insects) is called Snail Fever, Chagas' Disease, Tsetse Fly Disease, America Fever or: Sleeping Sickness "African or American Sleeping Sickness"
Schisto/som/iasis in man is a type of a _____________ infestation. Split Bodied Blood Fluke Worm
A Phlebo/tom/ist is a person who specializes in cutting or puncturing _____ to take blood samples. veins
Coronary Thrombosis is also known as: Acute Myocardial Infarction or Myocardial Infarction
The most important longitudinal heart study in the world is being conducted in what American City since 1946: Framingham, Massachuset "little hill - Iroquois Indian Term"
The leading Cardiac Risk Factors are: smoking, obesity, lack of exercise, and hyper/cholesterol/emia
Tiny blood vessels in the back of the ________ are viewed with a Ophthalmo/scop/e to help diagnosis Arterio/sclerosis, Diabetes, Kidney Disease, and many other diseases. eye
A Stethoscope is placed over the heart valves to listen to the: all of the above (Aortic Valve, Pulmonary Valve, Bicuspid and Tricuspid Valves)
The Sickle Cell Anemia (Sickle Cell Trait "Gene") includes the: all of the above
The terms Crenation, Poikilocytosis, and Anisocytosis all refer to: cell shapes
The condition of Hodgkin's Disease could also be known as: Lymph Node Hyper/trophy Disease
Created by: kccroy