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Bio stuff

Bio final review

QuestionAnswer
Which cell organelle makes proteins? ribosome
Which structures (2) are found only in plants? chloroplasts and cell wall
Controls what enters and leaves the cell cell membrane
Where is the genetic material found in a cell? in DNA, DNA is in the nucleus
Where does photosynthesis occur? in the chloroplast
Where does cellular respiration take place? in the mitochondria
What are the building blocks and functions of carbohydrates? building blocks - simple sugars functions - short term energy
What are the building blocks and functions of proteins? building blocks - amino acids functions - building muscles and cells
What are the building blocks and functions of fats or lipids? building blocks - fatty acid and glycerol functions - long term energy storage
Define homozygous. Alleles are the same - GG or tt
Define heterozygous. Alleles are different - Gg or Tt
Define allele. Different forms of a trait.
Define recessive trait. A trait or allele that can be covered up.
Define dominant trait. A trait that is always expressed.
Define genotype. Genetic makeup - GG, Kk, rr
Define phenotype. physical description - yellow flowers, attached earlobes
Define codominant Both traits are expressed (show up) in an individual
Define incomplete dominance. A new or third trait shows up.
How many chromosomes are found in a normal human cell? 46
genotype is XX normal female
genotype is XY normal male
genotype is XXc carrier female
genotype is XcXc affected female
genotype is XcY affected male
List the 3 parts of a nucleotide. phosphate group, deoxyribose sugar, nitrogen base
What type of bonds hold DNA strands together? hydrogen bonds
DNA, RNA, or both - made of nucleotides both
DNA, RNA, or both - only in a single strand RNA
DNA, RNA, or both - found in 3 forms in a cell RNA
DNA, RNA, or both - leaves the nucleus RNA
DNA replication, protein synthesis or both - DNA separates both
DNA replication, protein synthesis or both - occurs in the nucleus both
DNA replication, protein synthesis or both - occurs in the cytoplasm protein synthesis
DNA replication, protein synthesis or both - amino acids are put together protein synthesis
DNA replication, protein synthesis or both - creates a new strand of DNA DNA replication
Write out the chemical equation for photosynthesis. H2O + CO2 + sunlight --> C6H12O6 and O2
Write out the chemical equation for cellular respiration. C6H12O6 and O2 -->H2O + CO2 + energy
Created by: lb goodlock