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U.S. History Final

U.S. History Final Exam

QuestionAnswer
"The bombs in question ... which massacred old people, women and children, destroying and burning down Shinto and Buddhist temples...constitutes a new crime against humanity and civilization."What was the cause of the beliefs expressed in the quote? atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki
Which group of workers contributed the most to the economic prosperity of the 1950s? white collar workers
"Why die for democracy for some foreign country when we don't even have it here?" What was a long-term consequence of the sentiment expressed in the quote above? African Americans increased their push for civil rights on the home front
President George W. Bush in 2001:"We shall make no distinction between those who committed these acts and those who harbor them." Based on this quote, which of the following conclusions can be drawn about U.S. foreign policy after the attacks of 9/11/01 The United States would pursue both individual terrorists and countries that turned a blind eye to terrorist activities.
Which of these were brought up for trial in Nuremberg after World War II? Nazi leaders
Which statement summarizes the impact of the U.S. involvement in the Korean War? The United States established a permanent military presence in Asia.
1964: "It is a place where the city of man serves not only the needs of the body and the demands of commerce but the desire for beauty and the hunger for community."The quote above refers to which of the following domestic policies of the 1960s? Great Society
The baby-boom that followed World War II later contributed to which of the following? creation of a youth culture in the 1960's
Which of these was one result of the Persian Gulf War? The United States maintained a large military force in the Middle East.
Which of these Civil Rights leaders favored black nationalism? Malcolm X
Which Supreme Court ruling represented a victory for the women's rights movement? Roe v. Wade
How did the Berlin Blockade impact the Cold War? It convinced the United States that it must stand firm against communist expansion.
The term "Iron Curtain" was used by Winston Churchill to describe a divide between which of these? Western and Soviet spheres of influence
How did the Black Panther Party's approach to the Civil Rights movement differ from that of the SNCC? The Black Panthers focused on protecting African Americans from white violence rather than ending segregation.
Feminists and Civil Rights activists both wanted which of these? equal rights for all
Which of the following was directly involved in public school desegregation? Little Rock Nine
What occurred as a result of the Supreme Court's ruling in Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)? Rights of the accused were expanded
The U.S. Congress banned trade with which of the following countries in response to the policy of apartheid? South Africa
The federal government made which of these changes during the mid-1990s? reformed the welfare system
How did the outbreak of World War II affect German Americans? It increased suspicion that German Americans were Nazi supporters.
Which of these modern U.S. wars was fought to drive one country out of another country? Persian Gulf War
Which of these concerns dominated policymaking during George W. Bush's presidency? preventing terrorist attacks on U.S. territory
Which Constitutional amendment was the focus of arguments in Brown v. Board of Education? the fourteenth Amendment
The right of one charged with crime to counsel may not be deemed fundamental and essential to fair trials in some countries, but it is in ours. ....... Based on the quote, this ruling strengthened protections for which guarantee in the Bill of Rights? In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to ... have the Assistance of Counsel for his defense."
Pres. Nixon on Nov. 3, 1969: The defense of freedom is everybody's business not just US business. And it is particularly the responsibility of the people whose freedom is threatened. What change in policy was Pres. Nixon promising to make in this speech? reducing the number of U.S. soldiers in Vietnam
WE THE PEOPLES OF THE UNITED NATIONS DETERMINEDTO SAVE SUCCEEDING GENERATIONS FROM THE DESTRUCTION OF WAR........ What was the primary reason for the writing of this document? to create an international organization based on collective security
The wrongs which we seek to condemn and punish have been so calculated, so malignant and so devastating, that civilization cannot tolerate ...The excerpt above is taken from which of the following? Nuremberg Trials
In 1992, presidential candidate H. Ross Perot said that signing the NAFTA agreement would produce a "giant sucking sound" in the United States. What was he referring to? loss of Americans jobs
Which statement summarizes the results of the Korean War? A permanent divide was established between North and South Korea.
Which describes the purpose of the Yalta Conference? Leaders from the United States, Soviet Union, and Great Britain met to discuss a post-World War II peace.
The immigration policies in place since the 1980s have resulted in which of the following? a steady increase in the United States' Hispanic population
Which statement explains how the outcome of the Cuban Missile Crisis affected the Cold War? It encouraged direct communication between US and Soviet leaders.
In the late 1940s, the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) focused an investigation into communism's influence on what area of American life? entertainment and broadcasting
Passage of the McCarran Act was related to which of these? Second Red Scare
Since the 1990s, both Republicans and Democrats have agreed on the need for which of these changes to immigration policy? enhanced border security
Which statement describes how the Johnson administration supported the Civil Rights movement? President Johnson pressured Congress to pass strong Civil Rights and voting rights laws.
What was one of the causes of the race riots that occurred in the United States during the late-1960s? widespread poverty among inner-city African Americans
Which event happened before the Cuban Missile Crisis was resolved? The United States enforced a military quarantine in international waters.
Which of these techniques of the Civil Rights movement did the women's rights movement adopt to achieve its goals? organizing protest marches to pressure the government for favorable laws
In the 21st century, U.S. efforts to limit the development of nuclear weapons have focused on which two countries Iran and North Korea
Which statement describes one of the effects of President Truman's decision to use atomic weapons against Japan? Other nations intensified their efforts to develop their own atomic weapons.
The Soviet Union held its first successful atomic test on August 29, 1949. What impact did this have on the United States? It fed the American public's fears about the dangers of communism.
Which statement explains how the launch of Sputnik affected the Cold War arms race? It led to the development of long-range rockets that would enable the United States and the Soviet Union to attack each other directly.
Which of these is true about the U.S. economy in the early 21st century? The United States has the world's largest economy.
The United Nations charter was drafted during which occasion? a conference held by the Allies during World War II
Which explains why the majority of Americans opposed Roosevelt's speech? Roosevelt promoted U.S. intervention in the European conflict, which went against mainstream support of U.S. isolationism.
Which of the following events contributed to an increase in Americans' mistrust of the government? Watergate Scandal
The United States has fought a war with which of the following countries because of concerns about nuclear proliferation? Iraq
Which of the following resulted from the signing of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)? an increase in the flow of goods between the United States and Mexico
The United States leads the world in energy consumption. Which effect of energy use is the source of the greatest disagreement among American politicians? climate change
Which of these techniques of the Civil Rights movement did the women's rights movement adopt to achieve its goals? organizing protest marches to pressure the government for favorable laws
Which of the following was the name for Roosevelt and Churchill's agreement to collective security, disarmament, freedom of the seas, and economic cooperation? Atlantic Charter
What political reform affecting freedom of speech led President Reagan to resume diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union? glasnost
Which of the following was one effect of President Johnson's Great Society? Poverty was reduced in the United States
Based on this excerpt, what was the member nations' stance on war and use of armed force? War is justified if the group's shared goals are being threatened.
Which of these contributed directly to the outbreak of Vietnam War? the withdrawal of French forces from Indochina
Which of the following symbolized the women's rights movement in the 1960s? publication of Betty Friedan's Feminine Mystique
Which statement explains the connection between the Civil Rights movement and the antiwar movement Civil Rights leaders began to oppose the Vietnam War because of racial disparities in the draft.
During the 21st century, immigration reformers have been interested in doing which of the following? combating illegal immigration
Concerns about the national debt since the 1990s have resulted in which of the following? proposals to eliminate or reform social welfare programs created in the 1960s
How did the launch of Sputnik lead to the creation of NASA? Fear of Soviet expansion into space led to the development of the U.S. space program.
Which of these concerns dominated policymaking during George W. Bush's presidency? preventing terrorist attacks on U.S. territory
What was the Supreme Court concerned about in its ruling in Miranda v. Arizona (1966)? protecting people's right not to testify against themselves unwillingly
How did the approach taken by the UFW differ from the approach taken by the NAACP? The United Farm Workers preferred using boycotts to achieve its aims rather than launching legal challenges.
Which of these measures increased significantly during the two decades following the end of World War II? birth rates
Which of the following provisions from the Treaty of Versailles contributed to the outbreak of World War II? Germany would disband its armed forces and pay huge war reparations.
What factor contributed to the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II? public distrust of immigrants from an enemy nation
At the beginning of the 21st century, U.S. immigration policy did which of the following? gave preference to immigrants with family already living in the United States
Which of these groups was largely left out of the rising prosperity in post-War America? inner-city minorities
Both the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan represented the desire of the United States to do which of the following? fight against the spread of communism
Suppose my neighbor's home catches fire, and I have a length of garden hose four or five hundred feet away....Franklin Delano Roosevelt used the quote above to justify which of the following policies? Lend-Lease Act
What was Kennedy suggesting that became part of his foreign policy? Peace Corps
What was the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution? it was a resolution Congress passed that gave president Johnson permission to use armed forces against Vietnam after a North Vietnamese attack on an American destroyer.
Who became the new leader of the Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee? Stokley Carmichael.
What did Carmichael tell blacks to do? he told them to seize power in in parts of the south here they outnumbered whites.
The quote below was given in a 1941 speech by President Roosevelt: "Yesterday, December 7, 1941-a date which will live in infamy-the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked ..." What event is this describing? japans attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor
Passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was influenced by which of these events? the March on Washington
Which statement explains how the development of the hydrogen bomb contributed to the Cuban Missile Crisis? The hydrogen bomb was small enough to place on the types of missiles the Soviet Union was going to place in Cuba.
The Nuremberg Trials established which of the following principles? individuals are accountable for their actions, even during war.
Which of these resulted from the success of McCarthyism? the blacklisting of suspected communists
What was one effect of the media's coverage of the Watergate scandal? Americans became more cynical about politicians.
It seems to be unfortunately true that the epidemic of world lawlessness is spreading. ....Which explains why the majority of Americans opposed Roosevelt's speech? Roosevelt promoted U.S. intervention in the European conflict, which went against mainstream support of U.S. isolationism.
The treatment of Americans of Japanese descent during World War II is similar to which of the following? the experiences of German Americans during World War I
How did the United States react to the Soviet Union's acquisition of atomic weapons? by expanding its programs to research and build better atomic weapons
Which describes the goal of Roosevelt's cash-and-carry policy? to maintain the neutrality of the United States while giving aid to Britain
Which of these contributed to the movement to hold war crimes tribunals at Nuremberg after World War II? the holocaust
During the early-21st century, concerns about foreign competition for jobs led to calls for which of these? greater restrictions on illegal immigration
Why did the United States invade Afghanistan in 2001? to respond to terrorist attacks on U.S. territory
Which describes the connection between the U.S. Constitution and the Patriot Act? The Patriot Act violates some of the rights and freedoms established in the U.S. Constitution in an effort to combat terrorism.
Why did the Soviet Union begin the Berlin Blockade? to pressure the Allies to withdraw from West Berlin
Which goal of the Civil Rights movement was achieved soon after World War II ended? desegregation of the U.S. military
Which segment of the American economy declined steadily during the 1980s and 1990s manufacturing
They say temperatures of 7,000 degrees centigrade hit me...Nobody there looked like human beings... What does this describe? bombing of Hiroshima
The U.S. alliance with which country was crucial to the success of Operation Desert Storm? Saudi Arabia
Why did the Reagan administration provide funding to the Nicaraguan contras? to support a rebellion against an elected government in Latin America
Government programs created during the Great Society contributed to what problems in the late-20th and early-21st centuries? the rising of national debt
Which statement explains why outsourcing occurs? Companies can move jobs to countries where workers receive much lower wages.
What resulted from the Supreme Court's ruling in Brown v. Board of Education (1954)? white resistance to desegregation
What did the Supreme Court say in its ruling in Regents of the University of California v. Bakke (1978)? Affirmative action programs do not violate the Constitution.
We hold that all evidence obtained by searches and seizures in violation of the Constitution is, by that same authority, inadmissible in a state court. This ruling was part of which of these trends? the Court's expansion of the rights of the accused
Which statement describes the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT)? The SALT of the 1970s ended because of Soviet action in the Middle East.
Which of these concerns dominated U.S. foreign policy actions in the Middle East from the 1970s through the 1990s? maintaining access to oil reserves
President Nixon's policy of Vietnamization involved which of these? increasing the military capacities of the South Vietnamese armed forces
Which of these changes resulted from the United States' entry into World War II? Women entered the industrial workforce in large numbers for the first time.
What was one similarity between the foreign policies of Presidents Truman and Eisenhower? Both used economic aid to prevent the spread of communism.
Draft resisters were part of which larger social movement? the counterculture movement
Why did the passing of atomic secrets to the Soviet Union by the Rosenbergs represent a significant threat to the United States? It meant that the United States would no longer be the only nation on earth with control over atomic weapons.
U.S. membership in the World Trade Organization has had which of these effects? It has resulted in a steady growth in international trade.
The Beatnik movement developed in the United States in reaction to which of these? the conformity and materialism of mainstream society
Thurgood Marshall was able to advance the goals of the Civil Rights movement directly because of his position in which of these the Supreme Court
B]ecause of your leaders' refusal to accept the surrender declaration that would enable Japan to honorably end this useless war, we have employed our atomic bomb.....What did the United States hope would result from this leaflet? an unconditional surrender by Japan
Certainly this is no time for any of us to stop thinking about the social and economic problems which.....This speech by Roosevelt inspired which of the following? the creation of Universal Declaration of Human Rights
What was the central goal of the United States in the Korean War? contain the spread of communism
What was the central goal of the National Organization for Women (NOW)? achieving political and economic equality for women
What event triggered U.S. entry into World War II? Japanese attack on U.S. base
What statement is true about the Holocaust? most Jews did not realize the severity of the Nazi threat to their lives until Kristallnacht.
What event contributed to Allied success in the 1943 invasion of Italy? operation mincemeat, which diverted German troops to Greece
How was the Pacific Theater different from the war in Europe? The Pacific Theater was fought on both land and sea.
What is the lend lease act? system under which the United States could provide aid to any country it deemed necessary in return for payments on credit or in kind, or because of the importance of U.S. national interests
What is D-Day? June 6, 1944, the day on which the Allied forces returned to Europe during World War II
What was the Yalta Conference? meeting between Stalin, Roosevelt, and Churchill in 1945 during which they agreed to divide Germany into zones of occupation after World War II; Stalin further guaranteed "free and unfettered elections" in Eastern European nations
What was the Manhattan Project? secret program to build an atomic weapon in the United States during World War II
Potsdam Conference a meeting of the Allied leaders in Germany in 1945 during which the leaders made plans for rebuilding Europe after Germany's surrender and the United States and Great Britain gained the Soviet Union's support for ending the war against Japan
iron Curtain phrase used by Winston Churchill to describe the imaginary line that separated Western and Eastern powers during the Cold War
Berlin Airlift the event that stemmed from the Soviet blockade of roads and railways to West Berlin in 1948, which forced the United States and Britain to use aircraft to supply the city
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) defensive military alliance formed by the United States and its allies in 1949
Marshall Plan economic aid sent by the United States to European nations after World War II to help rebuild their economies and win their loyalty
Truman Doctrine American policy of providing aid to any country whose welfare was deemed essential to the safety of the United States
Sun Belt an informal name for the South and Southwest, which tend to have warmer climates and large population growth from the 1960s to the present
Tet Offensive a series of coordinated attacks launched by communist forces against U.S. and South Vietnamese forces during the Vietnamese New Year, which is known as Tet
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) defensive military alliance formed by the United States and its allies in 1949
Watergate Scandal scandal that resulted from a politically motivated break-in and government cover-up that led to the resignation of President Nixon
Global warming an increase in Earth's temperature
Created by: HannahErin