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WWI and Russian Rev.

What action on November 11, 1918, brought WWI to an end? an armistice was signed
Devoting all resources to the war effort is what? total war
Which nation's actions caused the United States to fight in WWI? Germany
Why were Germany and Austria-Hungary known as Central Powers? because of their location in the heart of Europe
What was the Schlieffen Plan? Germany's war plan that called for attacking and defeating France first, and then attacking Russia.
Who was the German leader in the 1890s through most of WWI? Kaiser Wilhelm II
What was the Balkan Peninsula referred to as? the "powder keg" of Europe
Define militarism it is the policy of glorifying war and keeping an army prepared for war
Germany's policy to sink any ship in British waters without warning was referred to as what? unrestricted submarine warfare
Why did the Allies launch the Gallipoli campaing? They wanted to establish a supply line to Russia.
Germany drove the Russians into full retreat at what battle? Tannenberg
Why did Italy refuse to support its ally Germany? It accused Germany of starting the war.
What was Bismarck's goal when he sought alliances that later became the Triple Alliance? He wanted to isolate France.
Name the Great Powers of Europe. Great Britain, France, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Russia, and Italy
Sole responsibility for the war, under the Treaty of Versailles, was given to what country? Germany
Woodrow Wilson's plan for the postwar world was called what? Fourteen Points
Why were African colonies attacked during WWI? to widen the war
What was used to try to protect soldiers from enemy gun fire on the front lines? trench warfare
The Allied victory at the First Battle of the Marne resulted in what consequence for Germany? they had to fight on two fronts
What event ignited WWI? the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie
How did WWI affect the economy of Europe? It drained the treasuries of Europe
Why didn't the American public support the League of Nations? they thought that the U.S. should stay out of European affairs
What type of legacy did the Treaty of Versailles leave in postwar Germany? a legacy of bitterness and hatred in the hearts of the German people
Who surrendered after the Americans joined the war? Bulgarians and Ottoman Turks
Which two non-Balkan nations competed for dominance of the Balkans? Russia and Austria-Hungary
Which three nations belonged to the Triple Alliance? Germany, Italy, and Austria-Hungary
Which three nations belonged to the Triple Entente? Russia, Great Britain, and France
What actions led to the formation of new nations out of the Central Powers? provisions of peace treaties signed with the Central Powers
How did the Allies respond to Wilson's vision for peace? Britain and France showed little sign of agreeing to Wilson's plan, were concerned with strengthening their own security, and wanted to strip Germany of its war-making power
How did the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk impact Germany? Germany could focus all their efforts on the Western front.
What gamble did Germany make before the United States entered the war? their blockade would defeat Britain before U.S. troops arrived
The armistice signed in Paris in November 1918 brought an end to what? WWI
What was the name of the document that exposed the German plan to help Mexico regain U.S. territory? Zimmerman Note
What was used to influence public opinion? propaganda
How was WWI a "total war"? the nations involved devoted all their resources to it
Why did Germany return to unrestricted submarine warfare in 1917? they wanted to keep cargo ships from reaching Great Britain
Which nation was the first to declare war ? Austria-Hungary
Which nation greatly regretted its loss of Alsace-Lorraine to Germany in 1870? France
Who represented France at the Paris Peace Conference? Georges Clemenceau
Who represented Great Britain at the Paris Peace Conference? David Lloyd George
Who represented the United States at the Paris Peace Conference? Woodrow Wilson
Who was not allowed to attend the Paris Peace Conference? Central Powers and Russia
This type of organized violence against Jews was encouraged by Alexander III. pogrom
This general uprising forced the czar to abdicate. March Revolution (1917)
This was overthrown by the Bolshevik Revolution provisional government
Another name for the Revolution of 1905 in St. Petersburg Bloody Sunday
Radical Marxist group willing to sacrifice everything for change. Bolsheviks
Under Russian Marxism, the group of workers who would rule the country. proletariat
He was the last Romanov czar of Russia. Nicholas II
This man's influence on Czarina Alexandra led a group of Russian nobles to murder him. Rasputin
He was the major leader of the Bolsheviks V.I. Lenin
Revolutionary leader who commanded the Bolshevik Red Army. Leon Trotsky
Czar who turned Russia into a police state. Alexander III
Created by: harmona71