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Test Six

Muscular System

The myeloid tissue in cancellous bone is semi-liquid and produces most RBCs, WBCs and Platlets is usually referred to as... bone marrow or red marrow.
The upper jawbone is called the maxilla.
The first seven bones of the vertebral column (forming the neck) are the: cervical.
The third set of 5 large vertebrae, which form the inward curve of the lower spine and are the spinal column's major weight bearers, are called: lumbar vertebrae
The wrist bones composed of 8 small bones in two rows are called the: carpus or carpals
The ankle bones are called the -------- bones. tarsal "flat surface"
The combining forms or terms that literally mean "rib" are: cost/o and pleuro
The combining word form that refers to the "spine, vertebral column, and/or vertebra" is: "rachi/o- and spondyl/o"
The term that means cartilage swelling or cartilage tumor is: chondroma
The diagnostic term that literally means inflamed joint is: arthritis.
The medical term Bursitis literally means: wine sac or sac inflamed
The term Ankylosis literally means: "crooked, stiff, bent/condition; bones pathologically fused together
The combining form of a term that means "hump or hunchback" is ------, and the medical condition of ________ is the back bending of the thoracic (chest vertebrae) spine. kypho, kyphosis
The diagnostic term Genu Varum (knees are in the varus position) means that knees are bent outward (bow-legged)
The combining form ________ means bone marrow or spinal cord. myelo "osteomyelitis or myelogram"
The combining forms that mean "movement or motion are" kinesio- and -praxia
The combining forms that mean "stone" are: petro- and litho-
The combining form scolio- means: crooked and curved - lateral or side curve (to bend) of vertebrae, along with rotation
An ankle sprain is often characterized by ___________: hematoma formation, with ligaments that are stretched, partially, of fully torn
The diagnostic term Ankylosing Spondylitis refers to the autoimmune condition of Rheumatoid Arthritis actually means: the abnormal condition of stiffness and fusion of vertebrae
The diagnostic terms Myasthenia and Neurasthenia mean: muscle weakness and nerve weakness
The diagnostic term that means pain in the tendon is: tenalgia or tenodynia
The diagnostic term that means abnormal bild up of calcium on the kneecap (patella) surface is: calcinosis
The diagnostic term Avulsion means: tearing lose of a body part like a bone chip or ligament
The diagnostic term for a disease that causes excessive amount of uric acid crystals in the blood to be deposited in joint (elbow or toe) is: gout
The diagnostic term herniated disc means: rupture or protruding inter/vetebral disk
The diagnostic term that means abnormal loss of bone density or increased bone porosity is: osteoporosis
the surgical terms Laminectomy and Rachiotomy actually mean: excision of posterior or vertebral arch and cutting the vertebral column
The surgical term Arthr/o/desis means: surgical fixation or binding of a joint
An instrument used to cut bone is called: osteo/tom/e
The surgical term for the repair of cartilage is called: chondr/o/plasty
The term Chiropractor literally means: one who practices by hand
The surgical term that means fusing together of the spine (vertebrae) is: spondylosyndesis
The surgical term Phalang/ectomy means: excision of a finger or toe bone - digit
The surgical term that means "incision into the skull to drain fluid" is: craniocentesis
The surgical term that actually means "surgically breaking join apart" is: arthroclasia.
CTS and TTS are abbreviation for ____________ Syndrome (sign and symptom complex) Carpal or Tarsal Tunnel
The term Dyschrondroplasia literally refers to: faulty cartilage formation
The term for X-ray film (recording) of a joint is: arthrogram
The procedural term that means visual examination inside a joint is: arthroscopy
The medical term "Gangliectoy" means: procedure of cutting out a knot
A physician who uses technigues and treaments common to Medical Doctors and Chiropractic Physicians is an: Osteopath
The modern medical term for a specialist who treats and diagnoses foot disease and disorders such as corns, bunions, claw foot, ingrown toenails, and paronychitis is a Chriopodist A more current name would be: podiatrist
The diagnostic term Spondylolisthesis literally and actually means: vertebrae/slippage/condition
The diagnostic term Ankylosing Spondylitis means: fusing/process vertebrae/inflamed
The diagnostic term Bunion (turnip sac) actually means inflamed bursa of the big toe's metatarsophalangeal joint
The healing specialty that emphasizes a system of therapy based on the manipulation of the vertebral column and other bones of the boy by hand is: Chiropractic
The medical term that means an article substitute or addition replacing a missing body part (teeth, feet, hearing aid, eye lens) is: prothesis
the diagnostic term Rheumatoid Arthritis means: auto-immune disease often with cartilaginous hyper/troph/y
The diagnostic term Osteoarthritis affects almost 30 million of the 50 mllion individuals with arthritis in the USA. The term also means: inflammation of a bone joint causing bone hypertrophy
The diagnostic term Rotary Cuff Avulsion actually means: tearing of shoulder joint's soft tissues, ligaments, and deep tendons (rotator cuff muscles)
The diagnostic term Bunion (turnip sac) actually means: inflamed bursa of the big toe's metatarsophalangeal joint
The diagnostic term Housemaid's Knee means inflamed bursa below the knee- related to an occupation
The diagnostic term Osteosarcoma means: bone tumors that causes hard tissue to become soft and fleshy
The diagnostic term Hip Disarticulation (HD) also means a surgical amputation through the joint capsule of the hip joint
The diagnostic term Subluxation actually means: partial joint dislocation - than complete dislocation
An osteopathic Physician is represented by the Medical Abbreviation ___________ and a Chiropractic Physician is represented by the Medical Abbreviation _________. DO and DC
The diagnostic term Hammer Toe means: the toe or toes of the foot are bent over or down - like a hammer
The term Examination means: the process or procedure of inspection
A Optometric Physician uses the Medical Abbreviation OD
The term Antropometric means refers to the measurement of humans
A bone process or eye membrane disease term that means resembling a wing is __________. pterygoid
Msucle terms for belly or abdomen are: abdominus or laparal
A muscle directional term for middle or toward the middle is: medi- or meso "meduium, medial, mesomorph"
A procedure of making a record of muscle activity is called: electro/myo/graph/y
The condition resulting in spasms of the nerves and muscles due to an abnormally low concentration of calcium in the blood is: tetany
The diagnostic term Anterior Polio/myel/itis means an: inflammation of the front gray horn of the spinal cord
The diagnostic term Myasthenia Gravis actually means: heavy because of muscle weakness
The diagnostic term Syn/dactyila means: fingers connected together
The diagnostic term Muscular Dystrophy means: muscle that have faulty development and wasting away of the muscles that did develop properly
The muscle or body trauma means: wound
The muscle term adductor literally means: one who/draws/toward "medially"
The diagnostic term Pes Planus means: flat foot
The muscle term supinator means: turns upward - one who
The machine that records muscle activity is called the: electromyograph
the "literal" meaning of diagnostic term Cardio/myo/path/y is: heart/muscle/disease/condition
Created by: kccroy